the world's most visited architecture website
i

Sign up now and start saving and organizing your favorite architecture projects and photos

Sign up now to save and organize your favorite architecture projects

i

Find the most inspiring products for your projects in our Product Catalog.

Find the most inspiring products in our Product Catalog.

i

Get the ArchDaily Chrome Extension and be inspired with every new tab. Install here »

i

All over the world, architects are finding cool ways to re-use run-down old buildings. Click here to see the best in Refurbishment Architecture.

Want to see the coolest refurbishment projects? Click here.

i

Immerse yourself in inspiring buildings with our selection of 360 videos. Click here.

See our immersive, inspiring 360 videos. Click here.

All
Projects
Products
Events
Competitions

Small Cafe Designs: 20 Aspirational Examples in Plan & Section

14:00 - 17 June, 2018
Small Cafe Designs: 20 Aspirational Examples in Plan & Section, © Yu Cheng
© Yu Cheng

Cortesía de xm3 Cortesía de Andrés Jaque Cortesía de Office AIO Cortesía de I Like Design Studio + 59

The interior design of a coffee shop can make-or-break an establishment. With an inviting design, you can transform drinking a simple cup of coffee into a wonderful experience. However, when you only have a few square meters and various machines and properties to distribute, finding an efficient configuration is not easy.

To help you make better use of small spaces, below we have gathered a selection of 20 small cafe projects alongside their design drawings.

The Amir Shakib Arslan Mosque Photographed by Bahaa Ghoussainy

09:30 - 17 June, 2018
The Amir Shakib Arslan Mosque Photographed by Bahaa Ghoussainy, © Bahaa Ghoussainy
© Bahaa Ghoussainy

In the town of Moukhtara, Mount LebanonL.E.FT Architects have transformed a 100-square-meter structure into a symbolic, picturesque mosque. The Amir Shakib Arslan mosque is a rendition of old versus new with a white steel structure overlaid onto an existing building of cross-vaulted masonry. The angular geometry of the steel plates is a result of the structure’s alignment in relation to Mecca.

Lebanese architectural photographer Bahaa Ghoussainy has released a new series of images which accentuate the contrast that lies between the architectural design of the mosque and the traditional representation of Islamic mosques and prayers. The juxtaposition of an Islamic holy place built in a non-Islamic town is translated into the architecture’s design, merging two dissonant styles into one complementary structure.

© Bahaa Ghoussainy © Bahaa Ghoussainy © Bahaa Ghoussainy © Bahaa Ghoussainy + 18

How to Calculate Spiral Staircase Dimensions and Designs

08:00 - 17 June, 2018
How to Calculate Spiral Staircase Dimensions and Designs, © Matheus Pereira
© Matheus Pereira

Spiral staircases save valuable square meters because they occupy a much smaller area than a conventional staircase. With daring shapes and diverse configurations, they can also be iconic objects in projects. However, the design of these staircases requires careful attention so that you can prevent an uncomfortable or dangerous outcome. Although BIM software simplifies this process, it's always important to understand the restrictions and the underlying concepts.

15 Inspiring Architecture School Buildings from Around the World

14:00 - 16 June, 2018
© Matthew Carbone
© Matthew Carbone

Architecture schools and the students they house have a particularly unique and interesting building-user relationship. Architecture students value the buildings of their school not only for providing the valuable work space necessary for constructing studio projects but also as an example and model of a building in use. As the buildings are the places where students first learn how to read and understand architecture, design schools become full-scale teaching tools that help new designers grasp structure, details, how materials perform and interact, and so many of the other core concepts of architecture. While the scrutiny of students and faculty can be exhaustive, architects have embraced the challenge of creating engaging works of architecture that both suit the specific needs of a school and take on the pedagogical challenge of educating students by example.

The Case For A Smaller House: Talking Clients Out of The Big House They Want to Build

09:30 - 16 June, 2018
The Case For A Smaller House: Talking Clients Out of The Big House They Want to Build, Courtesy of Henry Louis Miller
Courtesy of Henry Louis Miller

As architects we are often conflicted: what do we do when we have clients who want really big houses, houses that by any measure surpass anything they could really need? How do we walk them back from the idea that they need 3,500 square feet of home for a family of four?

On one hand, we want to design it for them. In fact, a bigger project keeps us employed and financially solvent much longer. On the other hand, how do we reconcile that with the idea of sustainability and the architect's responsibility to promote it?

Critical Round-Up: The 2018 Venice Biennale

09:30 - 15 June, 2018
Critical Round-Up: The 2018 Venice Biennale, Vatican Chapel by Javier Corvalán. Image © Laurian Ghinitoiu
Vatican Chapel by Javier Corvalán. Image © Laurian Ghinitoiu

The Venice Biennale, one of the most talked about events on the architectural calendar, has opened its doors to architects, designers, and visitors from all around the globe to witness the pavilions and installations that tackle this year’s theme: "Freespace." The curators, Irish architects Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara of Grafton Architectsdescribed the theme as “a focus on architecture’s ability to provide free and additional spatial gifts to those who use it and on its ability to address the unspoken wishes of strangers, providing the opportunity to emphasize nature’s free gifts of light—sunlight and moonlight, air, gravity, materials—natural and man-made resources.” As the exhibition launched at the end of May, the architecture world rushed to Venice to be immersed in what the Biennale has to offer. But while the 2018 Biennale undoubtedly had its admirers, not everyone was impressed.  

Read on to find out what the critics had to say on this year’s Venice Biennale.

German Pavilion . Image © Jan Bitter Australia Pavilion. Image © Rory Gardiner Vatican Chapel by Teronobu Fujimori. Image © Laurian Ghinitoiu Philip Yuan's "Cloud Village" installation at the Chinese Pavilion. Image © Lim Zhang + 14

The Evolution of the Stadium: How the World Cup Has Influenced the Design of Sports Venues

09:30 - 14 June, 2018
The Evolution of the Stadium: How the World Cup Has Influenced the Design of Sports Venues, Courtesy of Foster + Partners
Courtesy of Foster + Partners

When the Greeks carved stone steps into the side of a hill, they were aiming to create a seated area for people to rest and from which to have an excellent view of the stage at the amphitheater's center. over two millennia later, these objectives are still key to stadium design principles, however, with an ever-increasing global reach and the need for multiple functions, the goal posts for what makes a successful arena are always being moved. As you prepare to watch the 2018 World Cup hosted in Russia, take a look at this list of notable stadium designs in World Cup history which have influenced the evolution of stadium design.

© <a href='https://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/357819'>Geograph user Merv Payne</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/'>CC BY-SA 2.0</a> © <a href='https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:OitaStadium1.JPG'>Wikimedia user 大分帰省中</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/'>CC BY-SA 3.0</a> © <a href='https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wembley_Stadium_during_London_2012_Olympic_Games.JPG'>Wikimedia user Richard Johnson</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/'>CC BY-SA 3.0</a> Courtesy of Foster + Partners + 11

10 Boathouses That Take Architecture Over the Edge of Dry Land

08:00 - 14 June, 2018
10 Boathouses That Take Architecture Over the Edge of Dry Land, © Paul Ott photografiert
© Paul Ott photografiert

Whether lining a river bustling with rowing crews or sitting calmly at the edge of a lake, boathouses have a storied history and an inexplicable romance to match their unusual program. Designed for use as a training facility for elite rowers, a vacationer’s waterfront playgroundshoreline retreat, or even as a historical preservation project, boathouses captivate the imagination as they transcend the limits of the land-form relationship on their site.

Concrete Shells: Design Principles and Examples

06:00 - 14 June, 2018
Concrete Shells: Design Principles and Examples, Capela Bosjes / Steyn Studio. Image © Adam Letch
Capela Bosjes / Steyn Studio. Image © Adam Letch

Let's think of a paper sheet. If we tried to stiffen it from its primary state, it couldn't support its own weight. However, if we bend it, the sheet achieves a new structural quality. The shells act in the same way. "You can't imagine a form that doesn't need a structure or a structure that doesn't have a form. Every form has a structure, and every structure has a form. Thus, you can't conceive a form without automatically conceiving a structure and vice versa". [1] The importance of the structural thought that culminates in the constructed object is then, taken by the relationship between form and structure. The shells arise from the association between concrete and steel and are structures whose continuous curved surfaces have a minimal thickness; thus they are widely used in roofs of large spans without intermediate supports.

In structural terms, they are efficient because they resist compression efforts and absorb at specific points on their surface, especially near the supports — small moments of flexion.

The Top Apps for Architects

09:30 - 11 June, 2018
The Top Apps for Architects , Morpholio Trace. Work displayed by Sean Gallagher of Diller Scofidio + Renfro.
Morpholio Trace. Work displayed by Sean Gallagher of Diller Scofidio + Renfro.

We all know the common refrain recited by architecture's more experienced practitioners when it comes to technology: "Times were a lot harder for us," they'll tell you. "We used to draw everything by hand and making a mistake meant repeating everything from scratch. Your generation is spoiled."

"Spoiled" is perhaps a matter of opinion. But it is true that working in the architecture field nowadays is drastically different to what was like decades ago. Software developers (or as we like to call them, life-savers) have created programs and applications that have allowed us to step up our architecture game. But with such a vast number of apps out there, it can be difficult to keep up with what's available. To help you out, here's a list of the top architecture apps on the market at the moment.

How to Design and Calculate a Ramp?

08:00 - 11 June, 2018
How to Design and Calculate a Ramp?, © Fabián Dejtiar
© Fabián Dejtiar

We already know that the ramp, aside from its different design possibilities, allows—without forgetting the notion of promenade architecturale—its users to overcome physical barriers in the urban and architectural context.

Although it basically consists of a continuous surface with a particular angle of slope, it is necessary to point out the many constructive specifications, which of course may vary due based on the standards of different governing bodies. The following clarifications are intended to assist and determine the appropriate dimensions for comfortable and efficient ramps for all, based on the concept of universal accessibility.

To what extent can the slope of a ramp be modified? How can we determine its width and the space needed for maneuvering? What considerations exist regarding the handrails? Here we review some calculations and design examples for different ramps, below.

Seeing Red: 4 Times the Color Has Enhanced Architecture and Why

06:00 - 11 June, 2018
© Helene Binet
© Helene Binet

Red is everywhere. From stop signs to bricks and lipstick to wine, our constant use of the color in everyday objects has slowly taken over our subconscious. Red is a color that always blends with the context, telling us how to feel or what to think, but why are we attracted to it? Why did cavemen choose ochre-based paint to draw on their walls? Why do revolutions always seem to use red to stir support? Why do we parade celebrities down red carpets, when green or blue would surely do the same job? While the answers to these questions may be vague and indefinite, red’s use in architecture is almost always meticulously calculated.

Courtesy of West 8 © Helene Binet licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/'>CC BY-SA 2.0</a>. Image © nenamaz © Filip Dujardin + 11

Glass Entrances in the Changing Landscape of Energy Codes by CRL-U.S. Aluminum

03:30 - 11 June, 2018
Glass Entrances in the Changing Landscape of Energy Codes by CRL-U.S. Aluminum, Courtesy of C.R. Laurence Co., Inc.
Courtesy of C.R. Laurence Co., Inc.

It’s no secret that architects and designers prefer an all-glass entrance system to a bulky, full-framed counterpart. The reasons are clear: more glass and less visible hardware means unobstructed views, better daylighting, and a high-end, minimalist aesthetic. Unfortunately, increasingly stringent energy and air infiltration codes—such as California Title 24—pose a challenge when specifying exterior entrance systems with all-glass visuals. This includes monolithic heavy-glass doors. It becomes a give and take scenario that can ultimately result in selecting standard, aluminum-framed thermal doors that don’t have much to offer in terms of attractive aesthetics.

A Game Changer for Architectural Visualization

03:30 - 11 June, 2018
A Game Changer for Architectural Visualization, A virtual apartment created by REinVR - Real Estate in Virtual Reality
A virtual apartment created by REinVR - Real Estate in Virtual Reality

REinVR, Real Estate in Virtual Reality, is a Canadian company that uses advanced video game technology to create photo-realistic visuals and animation to beautifully showcase real estate projects that have not yet been built. REinVR is a industry leader in the Virtual Reality industry and is regarded as having the highest quality visuals of any company working in Virtual Reality. We spoke to founder Nathan Nasseri about the success of his firm, and his unique background in video game design and new home sales.

15 Impressive Atriums (And Their Sections)

12:00 - 10 June, 2018
15 Impressive Atriums (And Their Sections), © Tim Van de Velde
© Tim Van de Velde

Cortesía de 3XN Cortesía de Paul de Ruiter Architects Cortesía de Renzo Piano Building Workshop + Payette Cortesía de Renzo Piano Building Workshop + 31

Offices and cultural buildings both offer the perfect opportunity to design the atrium of your dreams. These central spaces, designed to allow serendipitous meetings of users or to help with orientation in the building, are spacious and offer a lot of design freedom. Imposing scales, sculptural stairs, eccentric materials, and indoor vegetation are just some of the resources used to give life to these spaces. To help you with your design ideas, below we have gathered a selection of 15 notable atriums and their section drawings.

Wearable Architecture: 11 Architecture-Inspired Jewelry Lines

09:30 - 10 June, 2018
via Yumi Endo
via Yumi Endo

Let’s face it. You can spot a design enthusiast from miles away thanks to his or her remarkably unique style. Whether it’s their one-of-a-kind backpack or customized sneakers, they’ll make sure they turn heads wherever they go. While some love to "go big or go home" with their outfits and accessories, others choose a more subtle approach to their styling. Thankfully, some creative minds have stretched their love of architecture and geometry and developed unique jewelry pieces inspired by their interests.

To all the architects, designers, artists, expressionists, and people outside the design world with really good taste, here’s a list of architecture-inspired jewelry that will undoubtedly stand out. Get those credit cards out because we promise, you won’t be able to resist.

The Role of Color in Architecture: Visual Effects and Psychological Stimuli

08:00 - 9 June, 2018
The Role of Color in Architecture: Visual Effects and Psychological Stimuli, Escola em Alto de Pinheiros / Base Urbana + Pessoa Arquitetos. Image © Pedro Vanucchi
Escola em Alto de Pinheiros / Base Urbana + Pessoa Arquitetos. Image © Pedro Vanucchi

Colors and their perceptions are responsible for a series of conscious and subconscious stimuli in our psycho-spatial relationship. Despite its presence and its variations, it is present in all places. Have you ever wondered what its role is in architecture?

As well as the constructive elements that make up an architectural object, the application of colors on surfaces also influences the user's experience of the space. According to Israel Pedrosa, "a colorful sensation is produced by the nuances of light refracted or reflected by a material, commonly the word color is designated to those shades that function as stimuli in a chromatic sensation." [1]

Spotlight: Frank Lloyd Wright

06:00 - 8 June, 2018
Spotlight: Frank Lloyd Wright, Fallingwater House. Image © Western Pennsylvania Conservancy
Fallingwater House. Image © Western Pennsylvania Conservancy

In 1991, the American Institute of Architects called him, quite simply, “the greatest American architect of all time.” Over his lifetime, Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) completed more than 500 architectural works; many of them are considered masterpieces. Thanks to the wide dissemination of his designs and his many years spent teaching at the school he founded, few architects in history can claim to have inspired more young people into joining the architecture profession.

S.C. Johnson and Son Administration Building. Image © Jeff Dean Unity Temple. Image © Sean Marshall Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/57537089@N00/198494302/'>Flickr user gomattolson</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/'>CC BY-SA 2.0</a> Taliesin West. Image © <a href='https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:TaliesinWest2010.JPG'>Wikimedia user AndrewHorne</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/deed.en'>CC BY 3.0</a> + 25

Pelli Clarke Pelli Details Competition-Winning Proposal for the Chengdu Natural History Museum

12:00 - 7 June, 2018
Pelli Clarke Pelli Details Competition-Winning Proposal for the Chengdu Natural History Museum , Courtesy of Steelblue
Courtesy of Steelblue

Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects has won an international contest for the Chengdu Natural History Museum in China, seeing off competition from firms such as Zaha Hadid Architects and FUKSAS. With a form inspired by the geological impact of shifting tectonic plates, and reflecting pools inspired by ancient irrigation systems, the scheme makes heavy reference to the surrounding natural landscape, while dominant features such as a tall central atrium form a visual connection with the built environment. Below, the architects offer their own description of the winning scheme. 

Courtesy of Steelblue Courtesy of Steelblue Courtesy of Steelblue Courtesy of Steelblue + 8

11 Must-See Exhibitions at the 2018 Venice Biennale

09:30 - 7 June, 2018
11 Must-See Exhibitions at the 2018 Venice Biennale, Arsenale. Image Courtesy of la Biennale di Venezia
Arsenale. Image Courtesy of la Biennale di Venezia

As always, this year’s edition of the Venice Architecture Biennale is brimming with exhibitions and installations—the result of thousands upon thousands of hours of research and work. When arriving at the Arsenale or Giardini, the overwhelming amount of "things to see" are neatly tucked into the national pavilions, or, in the case of the Arsenale, hidden on the sides of the sweeping corridor. In the likely event that you have limited time to enjoy all that FREESPACE has to offer, ArchDaily's editors have selected our favorite works displayed at the 16th International Architecture Exhibition.

Here, presented in no particular order, are some of our top suggestions from across the Biennale sites.

Bent, Not Broken: The Natural Process of Shaping Fantastic Wooden Forms

08:00 - 7 June, 2018
Bent, Not Broken: The Natural Process of Shaping Fantastic Wooden Forms, Masonic Amphitheatre, Design/Build Lab at Virginia Tech. Image © Jeff Goldberg - ESTO
Masonic Amphitheatre, Design/Build Lab at Virginia Tech. Image © Jeff Goldberg - ESTO

Even as technology advances—leaving many of the old ways of building obsolete—certain traditional crafts and building techniques continue to captivate our imaginations with their simple ingenuity and unimpeachable effectiveness. Although used for millennia, the process of temporarily turning rigid members of wood into pliable, twistable, bendable noodles of lumber remains a favorite woodworker’s trick, capable of producing whimsical transformations and otherworldly forms from the most natural of materials.

BENT Workshop, Department of Architectural Science, Genova University. Image © Anna Positano TRILUX Pavilion, Future Cities Lab. Image © Peter Prato Masonic Amphitheatre, Design/Build Lab at Virginia Tech. Image © Jeff Goldberg - ESTO Saw-Mill Shelter, Architectural Association School of Architecture. Image Courtesy of Rolando Madrigal Torres + 27

Transparency and Connectivity: The Glass Skybridge Linking SHoP Architects' American Copper Buildings

Sponsored Article
Transparency and Connectivity: The Glass Skybridge Linking SHoP Architects' American Copper Buildings, The Skybridge is the centrepiece of the architecture - thanks to this linking element, building services can be supplied to both towers via one common system. © JDS / Photo by Max Touhey
The Skybridge is the centrepiece of the architecture - thanks to this linking element, building services can be supplied to both towers via one common system. © JDS / Photo by Max Touhey

Artfully dancing together to the beat of their own drum, the familiar look of the New York skyline has now been broken up by an eye-catching pair of skyscrapers on the banks of the East River. The dual copper-clad residential towers are reminiscent of a couple dancing, leaning back slightly and linked together by a bridge with a metallic reflecting finish half-way up the tower. The glass for the 100-meter-high skybridge for this extraordinary project was created by the Swiss specialists Glas Trösch which developed a complex, double-insulating glass with an internally laminated, metallic web to give a glossy finish.

How Surrealism Has Shaped Contemporary Architecture

09:30 - 6 June, 2018
1974 installation of <em>Mae West’s Face which May be Used as a Surrealist Apartment</em> by Salvador Dali. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/alextorrenegra/4991542223'>Flickr user Torrenega</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a>
1974 installation of Mae West’s Face which May be Used as a Surrealist Apartment by Salvador Dali. Image © Flickr user Torrenega licensed under CC BY 2.0

In 1924 writer André Breton penned the Surrealist Manifesto, which called to destabilize the divides between dreams and reality, between objectivity and subjectivity. For many architects who had been—and continue to be—interested in the fundamental role of the built environment, Breton’s surrealist thinking provided a rich resource to examine the role architecture plays in forming reality. Since then, from Salvador Dali and Frederick Kiesler to Frank Gehry, Surrealism has profoundly shaped architecture in the 20th century.

No One is Born Modern: The Early Works of 20th Century Architecture Icons

08:00 - 6 June, 2018
No One is Born Modern: The Early Works of 20th Century Architecture Icons

In the ambit of architecture, much of the twentieth century is marked by a production that reads, in general, as modern. The foundations of this work have been the subject of discussion for at least six decades, bringing together conflicting opinions about the true intention behind the modern gestalt.