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Urban Planning: The Latest Architecture and News

MVRDV Reveals Design of Green Barcode-Inspired Housing Unit in Amsterdam

MVRDV has revealed the design of "De Oosterlingen", a series of seven sustainable residential buildings on Amsterdam’s Oostenburg Island. The proposed buildings are distributed in a 'barcode' composition, forming an apparent unified design but with an animated skyline and unique characteristics such as varying roof shapes and façades of wood, glass, recycled brick, and bio-based composite.

© MVRDV© Proloog© Proloog© MVRDV+ 5

Urban Heat Islands Are Increasingly Dangerous, But Planners and Designers Have Solutions

For this month, The Dirt and author Jared Green share with us a study about urban heat islands, exploring new approaches that have been designed to both reduce urban temperatures and help communities adapt to a hotter world, In three cities: New York City, Copenhagen, and Abu Dhabi.

10 Cities Embracing Bicycles in their Urban Planning

What does the future of cities and transportation look like? It looks like the future will run on two wheels and a handle bar. Many explain the rise of cyclists as a shift towards a healthier and more economical lifestyle. But while that may be true, why would individuals feel inclined to ride bicycles if the roads don't support it, or if there weren't adequate spaces to park?

Architecture plays an important role in promoting the use of bicycles. Cities equipped with safe bicycle lanes, parking lots, and public bike facilities encourage citizens to refrain from using their cars, and opt for a much more sustainable means of transportation. Many have already began reshaping their urban infrastructure in a way that caters to bicycles, whether it is through bicycle bridges, widened cycling lanes, or permanent parking lots.

Strawinskylaan Bicycle Parking / wUrck. Image © Jan de VriesLex van Delden Bridge / Dok Architecten. Image © Arjen SchmitzDenmark Pavilion, Shanghai Expo 2010 / BIG. Image © Iwan BaanThe South Entrance / Tengbom. Image © Felix Gerlach+ 15

Enough with Copenhagen! It is Time for U.S. Cities to Learn From Models Closer to Home

Juan Miró, co-founder of Miró Rivera Architects reflects in an opinion piece on the value of American cities. Stating that "when we idealize cities like Copenhagen, we risk losing focus of the fundamental historical differences between the urban trajectories of European and American cities", the architect and educator draws a timeline of events and urban transformations, in order to explain why it would be more relevant to look on the inside when planning U.S cities, rather than taking examples from the outside.

Austin’s city fabric . Image © Ibai Rigbymap of Austin . Image Courtesy of Juan MiróCasa das Canoas by Oscar Niemeyer. Image © SkyscraperCityTeotihuacan. Image Courtesy of Juan Miró+ 10

A Visual History of New York Told Through Its Diagrams, Maps and Graphics

This article was originally published on Common Edge.

Martin Pederson interviewed this week Antonis Antoniou and Steven Heller, author of Decoding Manhattan, a new book that compiles over 250 architectural maps, diagrams, and graphics of the island of Manhattan in New York City, talking about the origin story of the book, the process of research, and the collaboration.

Tony Millionaire, Harlem Renaissance: 100 Years of History, Art and Culture, 2001. Concept by Marc H. Miller and Kevin Hein.. Image Courtesy of Decoding ManhattanAlbert Berghaus, The Tenement Houses of New York, from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, July 1, 1865.. Image Courtesy of Decoding ManhattanRenzo Picasso - New York Subway - stazioni e vedute prospettica - tav. 12, 1929.. Image Courtesy of Decoding ManhattanAlbert Levering, The Future of Trinity Church, from Puck, March 6, 1907. Courtesy Library of Congress.. Image Courtesy of Decoding Manhattan+ 8

What Are Garden Cities?

Following the Industrial Revolution, many European cities faced an unprecedented rise in the rate of population growth, intensified by the migration of people from rural areas to urban areas seeking better opportunities.

Although cities became more inviting, problems such as pollution and the growth of informal settlements also intensified. Meanwhile, the countryside provided proximity to nature and an abundance of natural resources, but it also suffered from isolation and a decrease in employment opportunities.

Brønby Haveby, Denmark. © Daily OverviewAerial view of Letchworth. Via RIBA CompetitionsGarden City Map by Howard. Via Wikimedia Commons, public domainWelwyn Garden City memorial garden. Via Wikimedia Commons, licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0+ 6

Kosovo Pavilion at the 2021 Venice Biennale Explores the Role of Urbanization in Bonding Human with Nature

Titled "Containporary", the Kosovo Pavilion at the 17th International Architecture Exhibition – La Biennale di Venezia, evaluates the role of global urbanization and the process of planning and creating sustainable environments. Curated by Maksut Vezgishi, the pavilion will be on display at the Arsenale from May 22nd to November 21st, 2021.

Courtesy of Kosovo PavilionCourtesy of Kosovo PavilionCourtesy of Kosovo PavilionCourtesy of Kosovo Pavilion+ 26

New York City Promises Affordability Through Rezoning But Delivers Gentrification

This article was originally published on Common Edge.

Dozens of neighborhoods in New York City have been upzoned based on contrived, and even false claims made by the city, which promised more diversity, affordable housing, minimum displacement, and other worthy goals. None of those projections materialized, but this is never acknowledged. Worse, the upzoning created the opposite conditions: less diversity, fewer affordable units, and whiter, wealthier neighborhoods. This, too, is never acknowledged. But the damage is done—and developers are having their way—following the new zoning. Then it’s onto the next neighborhood, with the same approach. Roberta Brandes Gratz explores in her article city planning and city promises in New Tork City, disclosing zoning regulations that lead to the opposite of what they preach.

Perkins&Will Transform Sacramento Valley Train Station into Regenerative Master Plan

Global architecture firm Perkins&Will, in collaboration with ARUP, Grimshaw Architects, EPS , AIM Consulting, and the City of Sacramento, have transformed the city's historic train station into a self-reliant and regenerative transportation hub, making it one of the most sustainable public areas in California. The design team worked alongside the local community to create a people-centric 31-acre master plan that reflects what the community envisions for a public train station and gateway to the city of Sacramento.

Courtesy of Steelblue for the City of Sacramento / Perkins&WillCourtesy of Steelblue for the City of Sacramento / Perkins&WillCourtesy of Steelblue for the City of Sacramento / Perkins&WillCourtesy of Steelblue for the City of Sacramento / Perkins&Will+ 9

The Belgian Pavilion at the 2021 Venice Biennale, Curated by Dirk Somers, Explores the Relationship Between Architecture and the City

Titled "Composite Presence", the Belgian pavilion at the 17th International Architecture Exhibition – La Biennale di Venezia, will explore the complex love-hate relationship between architecture and cities of Flanders and Brussels under the theme of "memory as a design studio". Curated by Bovenbouw Architectuur in collaboration with Flanders Architecture Institute, the national pavilion will be on display from 22 May until 21 November 2021.

© We Document Art© We Document Art© We Document Art© Bovenbouw Architectuur+ 15

From Empty Grids to Interactive Playgrounds: Parking Lots and their Evolving Identities

In theory, parking spaces serve only one function: park a car safely until it is used again, and in terms of design, car garages are flexible and straightforward, requiring minimal design interventions. However, parking spaces nowadays are no longer considered one-function buildings. The emptier the space, the more potential it has to integrate additional functions. Architects and urban planners have redefined traditional parking lots, adding recreational and commercial facilities to the structure. Instead of a typical structured grid plan with yellow and white markings on the floor, we are now seeing inviting structures that incorporate green facades and rooftop playgrounds, car washes, cafeterias, and work/study zones.

© Nelson Garrido/1111Lincoln Road Shot Reprinted with permission from MBeach1, LLLPVeranda Car Park in Rotterdam, Holland. Image © Paul de Ruiter Architects by Rien van RijthovenPagoda House I/O Architects . Image © Assen EmilovOpen Platform and JAJA Architects Win Competition to Design Denmark’s First Wooden Parking House. Image © JAJA Architects + Open Platform+ 25

Torino Stratosferica Transforms Abandoned Tramway into Vibrant Urban Park

Ever since the tramline’s closure, the 800-meter-long strip in the center of Corso Gabetti and Ponte Regina Margherita in Turin, has been abandoned. To make use of the dead area and give residents an extra space outdoors following Italy's severe pandemic repercussions, non-profit cultural association Torino Stratosferica has transformed the tree-lined strip into Precollinear Park, a temporary public space fit for socially-distanced leisure.

Courtesy of Torino StratosfericaCourtesy of Torino StratosfericaCourtesy of Torino StratosfericaCourtesy of Torino Stratosferica+ 14

Diller Scofidio + Renfro, PLP, Carlo Ratti, Arup and OUTCOMIST Win Competition to Regenerate the Porta Romana Railway Area in Milan

Led by OUTCOMIST, an international design team including Diller Scofidio + Renfro, PLP Architecture, CRA - Carlo Ratti Associati, and Arup won the competition to revitalize the Porta Romana Railway Area, transforming the industrial site into a diverse green neighborhood in Milan. Rehabilitating a disused railway yard into a connective tissue that links the southeast area of the city to the center, the development will generate a rich biodiverse public space, including a large urban park.

Courtesy of OUTCOMIST, Diller Scofidio + Renfro, PLP Architecture, CRA - Carlo Ratti Associati and ArupCourtesy of OUTCOMIST, Diller Scofidio + Renfro, PLP Architecture, CRA - Carlo Ratti Associati and ArupCourtesy of OUTCOMIST, Diller Scofidio + Renfro, PLP Architecture, CRA - Carlo Ratti Associati and ArupCourtesy of OUTCOMIST, Diller Scofidio + Renfro, PLP Architecture, CRA - Carlo Ratti Associati and Arup+ 8