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Unesco: The Latest Architecture and News

Grafton Architects' Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara, and Anna Wirz-Justice Receive the 2022 Daylight Award

On the occasion of UNESCO’s International Day of Light, The Daylight Award has announced the 2022 Laureates; Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara of Grafton Architects for their architecture, and Anna Wirz-Justice for her research. The winners were commended for their continuous exploration and prominent humanistic spirit regarding the celebration of daylight in their respective practices, allowing it to celebrate and enhance the quality of life.

Anna Wirz-Justice Venice Biennale 2014. Image © The Daylight AwardsUTEC University Campus Lima by Grafton Architects. Image © Iwan BaanUTEC University Campus Lima by Grafton Architects. Image © Iwan BaanUniversita Luigi Bocconi Milan by Grafton Architects. Image © Iwan Baan+ 18

Ukrainian Architectural Landmarks Face the Threat of Destruction

Photo by Andriyko Podilnyk on Unsplash . ImageLviv
Photo by Andriyko Podilnyk on Unsplash . ImageLviv

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine unleashed a major humanitarian and refugee crisis, with 4.2 million people fleeing into neighbouring countries and 6.5 displaced internally. According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA), 18 million people are projected to become affected in the near future with the current scale and direction of the ongoing military violence. In addition to the threat to human lives, Ukraine’s culture is also at risk, as cities and historic buildings are being destroyed. In March, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has expressed concern over the damage caused to historic landmarks in Ukraine and called for the protection of its cultural heritage. The following are some of Ukraine’s most prominent architectural landmarks, which are now in danger of being destroyed amid the conflict.

Rbrechko, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons. ImageSt.Sophia's Cathedral, Kyiv. ImageSt. Sophia CathedralVia Shutterstock. ImageDerzhpromVia Shutterstock. ImageUkrainian wooden churchVia Shutterstock. ImageResidence of Bukovinian and Dalmatian Metropolitans+ 5

UNESCO Expresses Deep Concern Over Ukrainian Landmarks and Takes Action to Protect Endangered Heritage

Photo by <a href="https://unsplash.com/@dima_pima?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText">Dima Pima</a> on <a href="https://unsplash.com/s/photos/lviv?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText">Unsplash</a>   . ImageLviv
Photo by Dima Pima on Unsplash . ImageLviv

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has expressed concern over the damage caused to historic landmarks in Ukraine and called for the protection of its cultural heritage. At the same time, the organization has taken action within its capabilities to help safeguard the endangered sites. Ukraine is home to seven World Heritage sites, including the 11th-century Saint-Sophia Cathedral and the entire ensemble of the Historic Centre of Lviv. In addition, several sites in the recently damaged cities of Kharkiv and Chernihiv were on the tentative list for potential nomination to World Heritage status.

<a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:80-391-0151_Kyiv_St.Sophia%27s_Cathedral_RB_18_2_(cropped).jpg">Rbrechko</a>, <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0">CC BY-SA 4.0</a>, via Wikimedia Commons. ImageSt.Sophia's Cathedral, KyivPhoto by <a href="https://unsplash.com/@andriyko?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText">Andriyko Podilnyk</a> on <a href="https://unsplash.com/s/photos/lviv?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText">Unsplash</a>   . ImageLvivPhoto by <a href="https://unsplash.com/@lifeinkyiv?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText">Eugene</a> on <a href="https://unsplash.com/s/photos/kyiv?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText">Unsplash</a>   . ImagePecherskyi district in KyivPhoto by <a href="https://unsplash.com/@viktortalashuk?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText">Viktor Talashuk</a> on <a href="https://unsplash.com/s/photos/kyiv?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText">Unsplash</a>   . ImageKyiv+ 5

Architecture & UNESCO: Rethinking Preservation and Cultural Heritage

Architecture has always centered on permanence and ephemerality. Defined by material conditions, how we build is closely tied to what we preserve and how we conceptualize the future. Furthering international cooperation in education, the arts, the sciences, and culture, UNESCO is an organization that continues to examine the relationship between history and growth, preservation and change. As architecture, landscapes and cities become threatened by the climate crisis and unrest, cultural context becomes paramount.

© Emre Dörter© Hufton+Crow© Arthur Pequin© Ossip van Duivenbode+ 15

Barcelona named UNESCO World Capital of Architecture for 2026

Joining Copenhagen and Rio de Janeiro, Barcelona has been named as the UIA's 2026 World Capital of Architecture by UNESCO, and will be hosting the International Union of Architect’s World Congress two years after the event in Copenhagen. Barcelona and Beijing were both contenders for the 2026 title, but the Catalan city took the lead with its winning bid titled “One today, one tomorrow”, which explores the city’s approach to sustainability and the future of the built environment.

Courtesy of http://www.lowcostholidays.com/© Created by @benjaminrgrant, source imagery: @digitalglobeCourtesy of http://www.lowcostholidays.com/© Márton Mogyorósy+ 7

UNESCO Removes Liverpool’s World Heritage Status and Spares Venice of In-Danger Designation

This month, UNESCO has announced a series of decisions concerning important heritage sites, giving rise to conversations around preservation and urban development. Last week, the World Heritage Committee decided to strip Liverpool of its heritage status, as the new developments are considered detrimental to the waterfront's integrity. These projects placed the city on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 2012, a designation which Venice managed to avoid earlier this week, due in great part to the recent ban on cruise ships.

Courtesy of Broadway Malyan, ©Walter Menzies. Image Courtesy of Broadway Malyan, © webbaviation.co.uk. Image Photo by <a href="https://unsplash.com/@stijntestrake?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText">Stijn te Strake</a> on <a href="https://unsplash.com/s/photos/venice?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText">Unsplash</a>   © Shutterstock+ 6

Copenhagen named UNESCO World Capital of Architecture for 2023

Following Rio de Janeiro’s inaugural hold of the title, Copenhagen has been named World Capital of Architecture for 2023 by UNESCO and will host the International Union of Architect’s World Congress 2 years from now. At its second edition, the initiative supported by UNESCO in partnership with UIA is meant to highlight the role of architecture and urban planning in shaping a sustainable future and tackling global challenges. Designated triennially, the city World Capital of Architecture will become an international forum for debate around issues related to the urban environment.

Photo by <a href="https://unsplash.com/@lindsaymartin?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText">Lindsay Martin</a> on <a href="https://unsplash.com/s/photos/copenhagen?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText">Unsplash</a>   © Anders Sune BergPark'n 'Play by JAJA. Image © Rasmus HjortshøjBLOX by OMA. Image © Rasmus Hjortshøj+ 5

Meet the Winners for the Reconstruction and Rehabilitation of Mosul's Al Nouri Complex

Last November, UNESCO, the Iraqi Ministry of Culture, and the Iraqi Sunni Endowment jointly announced an international design competition for the reconstruction and rehabilitation of the historical Al Nouri Complex in Mosul. One of the oldest cities in the world, Mosul ("the linking point" in Arabic) is beginning a recovery process following years of conflict, guided by an initiative aptly titled "Revive the Spirit of Mosul." The rehabilitation of the Al Nouri Complex, which dates originally to the twelfth century and has constituted a core facet of city life since, is a central part of this initiative, and is intended to signal the city's resilience, hope, social cohesion, and reconciliation in the aftermath of the conflicts. Six months after the competition was originally announced, winners have finally been chosen.

Mecanoo to Design New Macau Central Library in UNESCO World Heritage Site

Dutch design practice Mecanoo has shared initials details of the new Macau Central Library as part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Designed for the Cultural Affairs Bureau of the Macau SAR Government, the project will be located by the Tap Seac square on the site of the former Hotel Estoril, the first casino resort in Macau. Activating the square and public realm, the library will encourage visitors to uncover and utilize this new public amenity.

Unesco's World Heritage Sites Viewed from Space

In 1972 Unesco created the World Heritage Convention linking together the concepts of nature conservation and the preservation of cultural heritage. Based on the understanding that sites and monuments are threatened with deterioration or disappearance over time, the organization determines that those of outstanding universal value deserve special protection from the dangers they are facing. Therefore, the efforts to identify, protect, preserve, and value the sites included on this list are meant to safeguard and pass the world's cultural and natural heritage on to future generations.

Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery @maxartechnologiesPalmanova. Created by @dailyoverviewArles Amphitheatre. Drone photo by @lucasmiguelCreated by @benjaminrgrant, source imagery: @digitalglobe+ 23

Jean Nouvel Designs Resort in Saudi Arabia, Hidden Within Rock Dwellings

Jean Nouvel has just unveiled his design for Sharaan, a resort hidden within the rock dwellings of AlUla, a cultural oasis in north-west Arabia. Showcasing a modern take on millennia-old ways of living, the project puts in place monumental designs carved into the rocks, respecting and preserving the landscape. Inspired by the nearby Hegra, Saudi Arabia’s first UNESCO World Heritage Site, the concept takes a curatorial approach bringing together landscape and history.

© Jean Nouvel© Jean Nouvel© Jean Nouvel© Jean Nouvel+ 13

Architecture Classic: al-Nouri Mosque / Nur ad-Din Zangi

Islamic architecture has been perhaps one of the most culturally significant typologies throughout history. Not only do the buildings themselves serve as centers for community and social services, but their designs reflect Muslim beliefs and morals, and reveal the rich history of nations in the Middle East.

Minaret. East View in 1930s. Image © World Monuments Fund CollectionMan seated before the Mihrab in the prayer hall, after reconstruction in 1944. Image © General Authority of AntiquitiesDestroyed Post-War Mosque. Image © UNESCO3D Model of Mosque Today. Image © UNESCO+ 19

6 UNESCO Cultural Sites Virtually Rebuilt in Gifs

Budget Direct and NeoMam Studios, a creative studio based in the UK, have created a series of animated gifs restoring 6 UNESCO cultural sites and showcasing how these ruins would have looked like if they had been preserved. Bringing to life endangered sites, the project includes the recently destroyed ruins of Palmyra in Syria and Hatra in Iraq, demolished by ISIS in 2015.

Le Corbusier's Cité Frugès: Lessons from a Modern Social Housing Neighborhood

In the 1920s, work was completed on the Cité Frugès housing complex in Pessac, France. The project, meant to house Pessac's industrial workers, would be one of seventeen Le Corbusier works on UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites.

Architectural Works that Were Declared World Heritage Sites in the Last Decade

World Heritage Site is the title given to specific places on the globe (landscapes, cultural routes, cities, or architectural structures) by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, or UNESCO, as a way to recognize their natural or cultural relevance and to encourage their preservation. Up to 2019, 1121 places in over 167 countries have been declared World Heritage Sites, of which 869 are cultural, 213 natural and 39 are mixed category.