the world's most visited architecture website
i

Sign up now and start saving and organizing your favorite architecture projects and photos

Sign up now to save and organize your favorite architecture projects

i

Find the most inspiring products for your projects in our Product Catalog.

Find the most inspiring products in our Product Catalog.

i

Get the ArchDaily Chrome Extension and be inspired with every new tab. Install here »

i

All over the world, architects are finding cool ways to re-use run-down old buildings. Click here to see the best in Refurbishment Architecture.

Want to see the coolest refurbishment projects? Click here.

i

Immerse yourself in inspiring buildings with our selection of 360 videos. Click here.

See our immersive, inspiring 360 videos. Click here.

All
Projects
Products
Events
Competitions

Santiago Calatrava

Calatrava and Gehry Rumored to Be Designing Skyscrapers for New York’s Hudson Yards Megaproject

12:00 - 19 February, 2018
A photograph of Hudson Yards from October 2017. Image Courtesy of Related-Oxford
A photograph of Hudson Yards from October 2017. Image Courtesy of Related-Oxford

New York City’s most buzzy megaproject, Hudson Yards, may have just added two more huge names to their list of notable architects, if a new report from the Wall Street Journal is to be trusted.

According to a source the WSJ describes as “a person familiar with the matter,” Santiago Calatrava and Frank Gehry will both design new residential towers for the second phase of the 28-acre complex, located at the north end of the High Line in west Manhattan.

Cable Connections Fail on Bridge in Dallas After City Officials Ignored Santiago Calatrava's Requests for Proper Testing

06:00 - 8 February, 2018

The office of Santiago Calatrava, known for their incredible feats of architecture and engineering, has come under scrutiny for the failures of three cable connectors on their Margaret McDermott Bridge in Dallas, Texas, which has been delayed in opening due to the failures that occurred in Spring of 2016. However, while the office has taken heat for the malfunction, as the Dallas Observer reported, a newly released set of documents show that Calatrava’s team tried to insist on testing the strength of the cables, even going so far as offering to loan money for these tests, but these offers were declined by the city.

Construction Breaks Ground on Calatrava's UAE Pavilion at Expo 2020 Dubai

16:00 - 18 December, 2017
Construction Breaks Ground on Calatrava's UAE Pavilion at Expo 2020 Dubai, © Wam
© Wam

Construction has begun on one of the centerpiece structures at the upcoming 2020 Dubai Expo, the Santiago Calatrava-designed UAE Pavilion.

Inspired by the shape of a flying falcon, the UAE Pavilion covers more than 15,000 square meters and four floors, including a 1,717-square-meter top story hospitality lounge. A 588-square-metre mezzanine will house support functions, with the remaining two floors containing 12,000 square meters will of exhibition space showcasing displays that respond to the Expo theme of “Connecting Minds, Creating the Future.”

Courtesy of Santiago Calatrava Courtesy of Santiago Calatrava Courtesy of Santiago Calatrava Courtesy of Santiago Calatrava + 6

Construction Halts on Calatrava's St. Nicholas Shrine at the World Trade Center

12:00 - 12 December, 2017
Construction Halts on Calatrava's St. Nicholas Shrine at the World Trade Center, The St. Nicholas National Shrine at the World Trade Center as seen in May 2017. Image © Flickr user rexblog. Licensed under CC BY 2.0
The St. Nicholas National Shrine at the World Trade Center as seen in May 2017. Image © Flickr user rexblog. Licensed under CC BY 2.0

Construction on the Santiago Calatrava-designed St. Nicholas National Shrine at the World Trade Center has halted, after the church failed to make a series of payments over a several month period to contractor Skanska.

As revealed by the Pappas Post, last week the construction company distributed a letter to its subcontractors informing them that the building contract had been terminated after The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America defaulted on making payment. In the letter, Skanska directed subcontractors to stop all work and to remove all tools and materials from the site, or risk not being able to recover them.

Spotlight: Santiago Calatrava

06:00 - 28 July, 2017
Spotlight: Santiago Calatrava, The Quadracci Pavilion at Milwaukee Art Museum. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/bvincent/18091164/'>Flickr user bvincent</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.0/'>CC BY-ND 2.0</a>
The Quadracci Pavilion at Milwaukee Art Museum. Image © Flickr user bvincent licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0

Known for his daring neo-futurist sculptural buildings and over 50 bridges worldwide, Santiago Calatrava (born July 28, 1951) is one of the most celebrated and controversial architects working today. Trained as both an architect and structural engineer, Calatrava has been lauded throughout his career for his work that seems to defy physical laws and imbues a sense of motion into still objects.

The City of Arts and Sciences of Valencia. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/timsnell/9153338448/in/photolist-eWRfC9-fVep9z'>Flickr user timsnell</a> licensed under <a href='http://https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.0/'>CC BY-ND 2.0</a> The Quadracci Pavilion at Milwaukee Art Museum. Image © <a href='www.flickr.com/photos/jimsphotoworld/9289498404/'>Flickr user jimsphotoworld</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/'>CC BY-SA 2.0</a> World Trade Center Transportation Hub. Image © Santiago Calatrava Museum of Tomorrow. Image © Gustavo Xavier  + 17

"See You in Court!": 9 of Architecture’s Nastiest Lawsuits

09:30 - 8 May, 2017
© <a href=‘https://www.flickr.com/photos/diversey/16868722144/'>Flickr user diversey</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en'>CC BY-2.0</a>
© Flickr user diversey licensed under CC BY-2.0

What did Pritzker Prize winner Frank Gehry get when he designed the Stata Center, an exuberantly whimsical academic complex for MIT? A very large check, plus a major lawsuit, alleging negligence and breach of contract due to rampant leaks, mold, cracks, drainage problems and sliding ice. Sometimes the most inspired designs can go awry. And when they do, some clients lawyer up. Here are 9 fascinating examples.

Santiago Calatrava's City of Arts and Sciences Through the Lens of Photographer Sebastian Weiss

09:30 - 9 April, 2017
Santiago Calatrava's City of Arts and Sciences Through the Lens of Photographer Sebastian Weiss, © Sebastian Weiss Photography
© Sebastian Weiss Photography

As a young boy, Santiago Calatrava's fascination with light in his native Valencia fueled his determination to draw, design, and eventually build. His Ciudad de Artes y Ciencias (City of Arts and Sciences) is a perfect example of the influence of the Valencian sun on the architect's work. The seven cultural buildings define a formal vocabulary all their own, with a dynamism between blanched curves and rhythmic visual patterns. So bright it almost glows on clear days, the materiality of the structures emphasizes the ability of light to outline the spatial relationships between Calatrava's shapes, and shift them as the sun moves through the sky.

In his most recent photo series, Sebastian Weiss has captured the tendency of the shapes of the City of Arts and Sciences to "complement each other and even merge to a harmonic unity," as the photographer himself puts it. The photos were originally featured on his Instagram, @le_blanc, and develop a new way of looking at the oft-photographed tourist spot. His images imagine the complex as a pulsating "light-space installation" of equally systematic and creature-like forms in constant conversation with one another. The series gives the sense of looking at different sections of a particularly beautiful beast—its ribs, underbelly, horns, etc.—captured within the complex's shallow pools.

© Sebastian Weiss Photography © Sebastian Weiss Photography © Sebastian Weiss Photography © Sebastian Weiss Photography + 17

Santiago Calatrava on Ground Zero, Design Philosophy and the Greenwich Peninsula Project

04:00 - 3 March, 2017

Earlier this month, Hong Kong-owned developer Knight Dragon revealed plans for an billion-dollar urban-development scheme that will completely transform London’s Greenwich Peninsula. In this edition of Section DMonocle 24's weekly review of design, architecture and craft, the team speak to Santiago Calatrava—who will be designing the core of this grand new project—about this and his public-spirited design philosophy. Why, they ask, has he’s always wanted to leave a mark on the "Big Smoke?"

Santiago Calatrava Reveals £1 Billion Mixed-Use Project in London

09:00 - 2 February, 2017
Santiago Calatrava Reveals £1 Billion Mixed-Use Project in London, © Uniform
© Uniform

Santiago Calatrava has unveiled designs for a £1-billion mixed-use project in Greenwich Peninsula, East London. Named Peninsula Place, the 1.4-million-square-foot (130,000-square-meter) project will be located adjacent to the Roger Stirk Harbour + Partners-designed O2 Arena (formerly known as the Millennium Dome). It will include a new tube and bus station, a theater, cinema and performance venue, bars, shops and a wellbeing hub on the lower levels, with three towers rising above featuring offices, hotels, and apartments. The scheme will also be served by a new land bridge, also designed by Calatrava.

The "Galleria" will offer a promenade full of shops, restaurants and cafes. Image © Uniform The new footbridge will connect Peninsula Place to the rest of the Greenwich Peninsula. Image © Uniform The "winter garden" at the center of the design will welcome arrivals from the London Underground. Image © Uniform © Uniform + 6

Learn About Santiago Calatrava's WTC Hub and More In This Short Documentary

08:00 - 11 January, 2017

In its latest installment of the Private View series, Nowness has released a short documentary by New-York based filmmaker Alexandra Liveris profiling Santiago Calatrava. In the film, Calatrava discusses his perspective as an artist and an architect, as well as his creative process, mainly within the scope of the World Trade Center Transit Hub.

"You see, the first goal in this place was to deliver something beautiful where such an ugliness was there before,” says Calatrava in the film. “To deliver something optimistic looking to the future where so much sadness and depression was there.”

These Sketches Show Calatrava's Oculus Interpreted as Animals and Inanimate Objects

09:30 - 3 December, 2016
These Sketches Show Calatrava's Oculus Interpreted as Animals and Inanimate Objects, © Chanel Dehond
© Chanel Dehond

This article was originally published by Metropolis Magazine as "Seeing the Animal Kingdom in Calatrava's Oculus."

Since its opening in March, Santiago Calatrava's "Oculus" transport hub at the World Trade Center has garnered a lot of criticism for its exorbitant price tag. (The building cost nearly $4 billion to realize.) But look beyond the numbers, and there is something compelling about the physical form of the thing. Like all of Calatrava's work, the structure invites visual interpretations—spiky fish or a bird, a dinosaur or a hedgehog. Architectural designer and illustrator Chanel Dehond riffs on these and more in the following sketches.

Calatrava's St. Nicholas National Shrine at the World Trade Center Tops Out

13:20 - 29 November, 2016
Calatrava's St. Nicholas National Shrine at the World Trade Center Tops Out, via Saint Nicholas National Shrine at the World Trade Center
via Saint Nicholas National Shrine at the World Trade Center

The Santiago Calatrava-designed St. Nicholas National Shrine at the World Trade Center has topped out, and capped with a temporary, six-foot-tall cross.

The Byzantine-styled structure was envisioned by Calatrava in 2013 as a non-denominational spiritual center to replace the original St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church, located at 155 Cedar Street, which was destroyed on 9/11.

Calatrava, Foster + Zaha Hadid Architects to Open Offices at Dubai Design District

16:10 - 8 November, 2016
Dubai Design District. Image Courtesy of Dubai Design District
Dubai Design District. Image Courtesy of Dubai Design District

Dubai Design District (d3) has announced the opening of offices by 4 of the world’s leading architecture firms – Zaha Hadid Architects, Santiago Calatrava Architects & Engineers, Foster + Partners and Benoy – marking another step towards the city’s goal of becoming a global design hub.

Since first launching in April 2013, d3 has become the region’s preeminent destination for artists, designers and creative types of all kinds to work and collaborate. So far, d3 has welcomed in over 30 architecture firms of medium to large size, including SSH and Viktor Udzenija, RMJM and Wanders Wagner.

2016 LEAF Awards Announced

12:20 - 26 October, 2016
2016 LEAF Awards Announced, Courtesy of LEAF International
Courtesy of LEAF International

The winners of the 2016 LEAF Awards have been announced. Founded in 2001, the awards ceremony honors innovative architecture projects in 14 different categories dedicated to various aspects of building, including best façade design and engineering, best future building, and public building of the year. The winning projects are recognized as “setting the benchmark for the best in the industry.”

This year's awards include projects by David Chipperfield Architects, Henning Larsen Architects and Ian Ritchie Architects, and a lifetime achievement award for Santiago Calatrava.

Continue reading to see the full list of winners.

World's Tallest Tower: Santiago Calatrava's Tower at Dubai Creek Harbour Breaks Ground

13:30 - 11 October, 2016
World's Tallest Tower: Santiago Calatrava's Tower at Dubai Creek Harbour Breaks Ground, Courtesy of Santiago Calatrava Architects & Engineers
Courtesy of Santiago Calatrava Architects & Engineers

Santiago Calatrava’s Tower at Dubai Creek Harbour has broken ground, and in just a few short years, will be breaking records, too.

At the ground breaking ceremony this week, officials including His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, UAE Vice President and Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai, His Excellency Mohammad Al Gergawi, Chairman of Dubai Holding, and Mohamed Alabbar, Chairman of Emaar Properties, and Micael Calatrava, CEO of Calatrava International announced that upon its completion in 2020, the landmark observation tower will measure in at a height slightly taller than Dubai’s own Burj Khalifa, making it the tallest tower in the world.

“The design and architectural features of The Tower demand unique engineering approaches that are currently being implemented on site. Extensive studies were undertaken in preparation for the groundbreaking, and the learning that we have gained from the experience will add to the knowledge base of mankind,” said Santiago Calatrava.

DS+R, Calatrava Among Winners of 2016 Leading Culture Destinations Awards

14:00 - 3 October, 2016
DS+R, Calatrava Among Winners of 2016 Leading Culture Destinations Awards

The winners of the 2016 Leading Culture Destinations Awards have been announced. Presented this past weekend at a ceremony in London, the LCD Awards are given annually to recognize the success of “museums, art organizations, and cultural destinations from around the world [that] are investing in iconic architecture, cross-sector collaborations, [and] audacious programming […] to diversify the experiences offered to visitors and establish their global reputations.”

This year, awards were presented in four categories: Leading Cultural Destination of the Year; Best New Museum of the Year (for museums opened in the past 15 months); Best Soft Power Destination of the Year (a new award for 2016, given to destination who exhibit 'excellence, relevance, transparency, accountability and sustainability'); and the Traveller’s Award for Best Place to Visit.

The overall winner for 2016 was Diller, Scofidio + Renfro’s Broad Museum in Los Angeles. Continue reading to see the full list of winners.

Santiago Calatrava Designs New Office Building Integrated into Zurich's Stadelhofen Station

12:25 - 23 September, 2016
Santiago Calatrava Designs New Office Building Integrated into Zurich's Stadelhofen Station, © Calatrava Valls SA
© Calatrava Valls SA

Santiago Calatrava has unveiled plans for a new office building in the city center of Zurich, Switzerland. The new five-story building will be integrated into Stadelhofen Station, the transit hub and city landmark also designed by Calatrava in 1990.

© Calatrava Valls SA © Calatrava Valls SA © Calatrava Valls SA © Calatrava Valls SA + 8

Santiago Calatrava's Oculus Opens to the Sky in Remembrance of 9/11

16:00 - 12 September, 2016

On the 15th anniversary of 9/11 yesterday, the skylights at Santiago Calatrava’s Oculus at the World Trade Center opened for the first time, allowing light to fill the massive space as a memorial to the attacks on the twin towers. Following the masterplan laid out by Daniel Libeskind, Calatrava’s design used the angle of light as a guiding principle for orienting the transportation hub – so that at precisely 10:28 am each September 11th (the time of the collapse of the North Tower), a beam of light would pass through the opening in the roof and project all the way down the center of the Oculus floor.