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Structures: The Latest Architecture and News

What Do The Cracks in Concrete Structures Mean?

Cracks, which could be classified according to their thickness as fissures or fractures, are serious problems in the construction industry that can negatively affect aesthetics, durability and, most importantly, the structural characteristics of a project. They can happen anywhere, but occur especially in walls, beams, columns, and slabs, and usually, are caused by strains not considered in the design.

Yellow Treehouse Restaurant / Pacific Environments

© Lucy Gauntlett© Lucy Gauntlett© Lucy Gauntlett© Lucy Gauntlett+ 49

How to Design and Build a Wooden Structure with Hidden Joints

New technology in digital building, particularly Computer Numerical Control (CNC) systems, are changing the way that we design and build wooden structures. Their high level of precision allows us to design perfect assembles--without screws or visible metalwork--resulting in structures that are durable, easy-to-build, and extremely well-organized. We spoke with the experts at Timber to better understand the process of building a wooden structure and to compile a list of key tips in designing one.

© TimberEl Galeno Horse Stables and Warehouse / Peñafiel & Valdivieso Arquitectos. Image © Francisco Croxatto VivianiHouse on the Rocks / Schwember García-Huidobro Arquitectos. Image © Nicolás Sánchez© Timber+ 25

Exhibition: Beyond the Structure

The exhibition, presented by SOM and Fundación Arquitectura COAM spotlights SOM’s structural engineering practice and its integration with SOM’s architectural design.

Shade Structures for Outdoor Spaces: 6 Tips to Incorporate Into Your Next Project

In any successful architectural project, it is essential to provide users with a comfortable outdoor space. At any time of the year, modular shade structures can create spaces that protect from wind, dust, sun, rain, snow, and noise in a light, flexible and aesthetically pleasing way.

With this in mind, what should we look for when choosing shade structures for outdoor spaces? Below, we've provided you with Superior Recreational Products's top recommendations.

Superior Shade at Seabrook Island. Image Courtesy of Superior Recreational ProductsSuperior Shade at University of West Georgia. Image Courtesy of Superior Recreational ProductsCity of Cumming, Recreation & Parks Department. Image Courtesy of Superior Recreational ProductsMilwaukee County Zoo. Image Courtesy of Superior Recreational Products+ 33

How to Design Semi-Permanent Structures

Natural disasters continue to leave thousands of people homeless every year, forcing them to seek refuge without any alternatives. On many occasions, cities cannot cope with refugees, limiting their resources. In addition to this, the difficulties to sustain refugees in a dignified way, becomes increasingly complex, leading to the collapse of conventional strategies.

It is at this moment when innovation and creativity play an important role in construction practices, ultimately creating a quicker and more efficient construction model that can be replicated after natural disasters.

Undoubtedly, there are some principles that should be taken into account when designing a semi-permanent structure. Thus, we have gathered some tips and examples that you may find useful. 

Arquitectura de Transición. Un refugio para Piura, Perú. Image Cortesía de Carlos Pastor santa Maria / Soledad Maldonado AyusBio-Reconstruye México . Image Cortesía de Osiris LucianoProyecto Chacras / Natura Futura Arquitectura + Colectivo Cronopios. Image Cortesía de Eduardo Cruz y Natura FuturaProyecto de reconstrucción post-sismo en Guangming . Image Cortesía de World Architecture Festival+ 8

7 Notable Unbuilt Structures Brought to Life in New Renders

It only takes a pen, paper, and an innovative mind to create remarkable structures. Bringing these architectures to life, however, is where challenges arise. While some architects have shown their creativity and ambition by designing and constructing some of the craziest structures the world has ever seen, other architects were only left with an ambitious drawing. Whether due to financial limitations or designs that are way ahead of their time, some projects never saw the light of day.

Although you won’t be visiting these structures anytime soon—or ever, as far as we know—take a virtual tour of what could have been 7 of the world’s most iconic, innovative structures, courtesy of renders produced by Onward, the blog from Onstride Financial.

9 Inventive Large-Scale Stadiums and Their Constructive Details

Stadiums —new or remodeled— provide excellent and innovative examples of architecture on a large scale; they are required to shelter thousands of people, including the athletes of the games they host. In addition to the technical aspects and considerations related to sports, these structures apply interesting cladding systems, with some stadiums even generating the energy needed to function.

Read on for more about stadiums and their structures in detail.

Basketball Stadium in Dongguan / gmp architekten. Image © Christian GahlMineirão Sports Complex / BCMF Arquitetos. Image © Leonardo Finotti Arena da Baixada / carlosarcosarquite(c)tura. Image © Leonardo Finotti Arena Tele2 / White arkitekter . Image © Åke E:son Lindman+ 29

Call for Submissions: N A R R A T I V E S

ABOUT NARRATIVES
/narratives/ publication is an annual print publication with a quarterly digital output, narratives features architectural projects, products, places and people tapping into the contemporary built environment in Ghana and abroad.

/narratives/ present its readers with the platform to contribute their stories and experiences. The publication is both reflective and critical, plotting the shifting and emerging narratives of architecture at the intersection of politics, economics, society, culture and the environment.

WHAT TO SUBMIT
We are looking for essays, musings, interviews, reviews, photo essays, creative criticisms and short videos about:

– a project (from speculative to built projects, and everything in-between)

– a product (from tried

Learn to Pre-Dimension a Reinforced Concrete Structure

It's fundamental that architects know about structures, not only to bring their designs to reality but also to be able to discuss their projects with engineers in order to find the best solutions for construction. Structural pre-dimensioning is crucial to the initial design of the structural components, revealing the restrictions and the possibilities of the spaces.

One of the main loads that a structure must support is its own weight, so it's essential to know this information so that the different parts of the building can be dimensioned. When starting a structural project, the engineer doesn't yet know the dimensions of the different pieces that make up the structure, and therefore, can't know their own weight. A paradox appears without a solution: to know the weight it's necessary to know the dimensions, but, to know the dimensions, it's necessary to know the weight.

During the development of the project the architect finds himself in the curious situation of having to design without necessarily knowing the size of each of the parts of the building (such as the size of the pillars, for example). These important elements directly affect functionality and aesthetics of the project.

Ateliereen Architecten Creates Playful, Permeable Structure Using Metal and Wood

Ateliereen Architecten has proposed a metal and wood configuration for an observation tower in Peize, Netherlands. Their plan is to construct a resistant, permeable and playful structure.

The project is designed so that people climbing up the tower will have unique viewpoints. This tower is also easily assembled from screws and bolts. 

© Ateliereen Architecten (Eindhoven)© Ateliereen Architecten (Eindhoven)© Ateliereen Architecten (Eindhoven)© Ateliereen Architecten (Eindhoven)+ 26

Time-Lapse Shows the Roof Installation at Madrid's Wanda Metropolitano Stadium

On Thursday, July 29th, the Estadio Wanda Metropolitano's roof was officially completed. This new stadium, a renovation of the old Peineta athletics stadium, is the new home ground of Spanish football club Atlético Madrid.

In this video, FCC Construcción captures the intense work on the roof which was designed and constructed by engineers Schlaich Bergermann Partner. The milestone marks four months of intense work since the installation of the first of the 96 PTFE radial panels at the north end of the stadium.

See the Structural Skeleton of Zaha Hadid Architects' New Airport Terminal in Beijing

Zaha Hadid Architects' new passenger terminal for Beijing Airport (currently known as Beijing Daxing International Airport) is poised to become the largest aviation hub in the world. The vast structure, defined by five limbs spreading out from a central core, will cover an area of 313,000 square meters. It has been reported that each "arm" will use images from Chinese culture, including "silk, tea, porcelain, farmlands, and Chinese gardens."

Bamboo Bridge in Indonesia Demonstrates Sustainable Alternatives for Infrastructure

As part of the second Bamboo Biennale held in October 2016, the city of Solo in Central Java received a public Bamboo Bridge courtesy of Indonesian Architects Without Borders (ASF-ID). Connecting the Pasar Gede market and colonial Dutch Vastenburg Fort, the 18-meter bamboo structure offers a revitalization of river life in the historic Indonesian city. Spanning across the Kali Pepe river, residents of Java can traverse the pedestrian bridge on its track that varies in width from 1.8 to 2.3 meters.

© Andrea Fitrianto© Andrea Fitrianto© Andrea Fitrianto© Andrea Fitrianto+ 32

Continuity of Structure Defines this Timber Canopy in Chile

Set in a valley located 45 minutes west of Santiago de Chile, an elementary timber shed by Josep Ferrando and Diego Baloian seeks to unhinge the division between vertical and horizontal architectural elements. The scheme is the result of a private commission to build a wooden shed on a family-owned plot in the town of Curacaví, halfway between the Chilean capital and the coastal town of Valparaíso.

Drawing heavy inspiration from vernacular canopies which historically dotted the landscape of rural Chile, the scheme seeks to create a central family meeting point amongst a vast 2 hectare plot.

© Christian Nawrath© Diego Baloian© Tomás Weisser© Tomás Weisser+ 34

The Purity of Expressive Timber Structure Celebrated in Finland's Pudasjärvi Campus

An environmentally-concious material response by Lukkaroinen Architects, the structural design for the Pudasjärvi Wood Campus in northern Finland highlights the potential of large-scale structural timber.

The project features a primary structure of assembled logs and three types of non-traditional pillars, specially constructed in laminated wood for different areas. 

© RA-Studio Raimo Ahonen© RA-Studio Raimo Ahonen© RA-Studio Raimo Ahonen© RA-Studio Raimo Ahonen+ 35

15 Metal Fittings for Connecting Laminated Wooden Structures

When designing wooden structures, it’s very important to consider joints and reinforcements that will allow them to stay together and upright. These connectors not only allow for adhering wood to wood but also let you anchor wood elements to brick and concrete walls. 

With such a variety of pieces needing to be connected together (beam-beam / beam-pillar / beam-strut / beam-wall / base-frames), working with hardware requires the advice of a calculating engineer or a professional with knowledge and experience. To guide you in this process, we have selected 15 metal fittings specially designed by Arauco to connect wood pieces.

M90 for 90 mm pillarsBeam Strut V JointBeam to Slope JointSupport Plate+ 16