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Spotlight: Rem Koolhaas

Spotlight: Rem Koolhaas
Spotlight: Rem Koolhaas, Casa da Musica. Image © Philippe Ruault
Casa da Musica. Image © Philippe Ruault

With the extensive list of acclaimed alumni of his firm, OMA, it is not a stretch to call Rem Koolhaas (born 17 November 1944) the godfather of contemporary architecture. Equal parts theorist and designer, over his 40-year career Koolhaas has revolutionized the way architects look at program and interaction of space, and today continues to design buildings that push the capabilities of architecture to new places.

Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN. Image Courtesy of OMA Maison Bordeaux. Image © Hans Werlemann, courtesy OMA Fondazione Prada. Image © Bas Princen Casa da Musica. Image © Philippe Ruault + 39

© Strelka Institute for Media, Architecture and Design <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/strelka/6504213361'>via Flickr</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a>
© Strelka Institute for Media, Architecture and Design via Flickr licensed under CC BY 2.0
Maison Bordeaux. Image © Hans Werlemann, courtesy OMA
Maison Bordeaux. Image © Hans Werlemann, courtesy OMA

Remment Koolhaas was born in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. At the age of eight, Koolhaas’ father was given a position running a cultural program in Jakarta, Indonesia and subsequently moved his family to Asia. The family returned to Amsterdam three years later, where Koolhaas would later pursue filmmaking (a phase he believes still impacts his work today), until enrolling at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London in 1968. Following continued studies at Cornell University and the Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies in New York City, Koolhaas returned to London to open his firm, OMA, alongside his wife Madelon Vriesendorp and Elia and Zoe Zenghelis. He also began teaching at his Alma Mater, during which time he met a young Zaha Hadid. Hadid soon joined OMA, and together the group began working on a series of highly conceptual, predominantly unbuilt projects, highlighted by the Dutch Parliament Building in The Hague.

Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN. Image Courtesy of OMA
Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN. Image Courtesy of OMA

During this period, Koolhaas penned Delirious New York, an urbanist manifesto that would come to define his future architectural strategy. In the book, Koolhaas celebrates the city’s hyper-dense “culture of congestion” as a cultural incubator, a place where unprescribed interaction could lead to innovation and creativity. It was in this text that Koolhaas first proposed the idea of “cross-programming,” intentionally introducing unexpected program types within buildings of different typologies, such as running tracks within skyscrapers. The idea has since returned in various forms, such as in his unsuccessful proposal to include hospital units for the homeless within his design for the Seattle Central Library. The book is still considered today to be an essential piece of the architectural canon.

CCTV Headquarters. Image © Iwan Baan
CCTV Headquarters. Image © Iwan Baan

Following Hadid’s departure from the firm, OMA received its first major commission, the Netherlands Dance Theater in The Hague. Completed in 1987, the building was a manifestation of many of the ideas from Delirious New York; the design features volumes of varying form and materiality colliding in unique ways to create new types of space and a visually stimulating composition. The success of that building, as well as continued acclaim for their unbuilt competition entries, gave OMA increased international recognition.

Kunsthal. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/70647624@N00/3672411925/'>Flickr user kleiobird</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a>
Kunsthal. Image © Flickr user kleiobird licensed under CC BY 2.0

The 1990s saw projects of widely varying scale for Koolhaas and OMA, from city master plans, in Euralille, France, to the Rotterdam Kunsthal (1992) to residential projects. The most widely renowned of these residential projects were the Villa Dall’Ava in Paris (1991) and the Maison Bordeaux (1999). In these houses, Koolhaas took cues from Modernist classics, in particular Villa Savoye and the Farnsworth House, blowing their designs into parts and reassembling them to suit the unique needs of the clients. Villa Dall’Ava featured a rooftop pool and a dynamic collage of materials raised 3 stories above the ground by slender, irregularly placed columns and a poured-in-place concrete wall. Private apartment units were connected by a shared glass living space below and the pool above. The design of Maison Bordeaux contained three floors of varying opacity relating to program type, connected by an oversized elevator that doubled as an office for the husband, who was a wheelchair user.

Dee and Charles Wyly Theatre / REX | OMA. Image © Tim Hursley
Dee and Charles Wyly Theatre / REX | OMA. Image © Tim Hursley

The following decade saw a massive expansion within OMA, with the founding of architectural think-tank and research group AMO in 1999. AMO has since contributed to designs for numerous exhibitions and events, including stores and runway shows for fashion house Prada. Key buildings from OMA in the 2000s include the Casa da Musica in Porto (2005), the Wyly Theater in Dallas (2009), the IIT-McCormick Tribune Center in Chicago (2001), and the Seattle Central Library (2004). In particular, the Seattle Library has had a profound impact on architectural approach and diagramming in architecture—the word-bubble programmatic diagram used to outline spatial relationships has since been utilized by architects worldwide. The library’s pivoting planes highlighting views of the city have also convinced critics that elegant form can be derived from focusing on user experience.

Since then, Koolhaas has had a hand in designing buildings worldwide, including the CCTV Headquarters in Beijing, mixed-use building De Rotterdam, the Qatar National Library, and the Fondazione Prada in Milan.

De Rotterdam. Image © Michel van de Kar
De Rotterdam. Image © Michel van de Kar

In recent years, Rem Koolhaas’ discourse has ranged from breaking down architecture into its fundamental elements in his lauded directorship of the 2014 Venice Biennale, to the feasibility of smart cities, to studies on urbanization in Lagos, Nigeria. He has also often delved into the realm of skepticism, such as his claim that “people can inhabit anything. And they can be miserable in anything and ecstatic in anything. More and more I think that architecture has nothing to do with it. Of course, that's both liberating and alarming.”

Shenzhen Stock Exchange HQ. Image © Philippe Ruault
Shenzhen Stock Exchange HQ. Image © Philippe Ruault

These claims have led to Koolhaas’ being called “the most controversial figure in architecture” and “an anti-architect,” but those descriptions fail to capture the career of a man who is always chasing the next step in architecture and how he can think bigger. By helping to spawn the careers of Bjarke Ingels, Ole Scheeren, Farshid Moussavi, Jeanne Gang, Winy Maas, and many many others, Koolhaas has perhaps found another way of thinking bigger: by creating the future.

See all of the work featured on ArchDaily by Rem Koolhaas' firm OMA via the thumbnails below, and further coverage of Koolhaas below those:

Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN. Image Courtesy of OMA CCTV Headquarters. Image © Iwan Baan Milstein Hall. Image © Matthew Carbone G-Star RAW HQ. Image Courtesy of OMA - G-Star Coach Omotesando Flagship. Image © Iwan Baan Kunsthal. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/70647624@N00/3672411925/'>Flickr user kleiobird</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a> Dee and Charles Wyly Theatre / REX | OMA. Image © Tim Hursley Maggie's Gartnaval. Image © OMA by Philippe Ruault Shenzhen Stock Exchange HQ. Image © Philippe Ruault Maison Bordeaux. Image © Hans Werlemann, courtesy OMA De Rotterdam. Image © Michel van de Kar Fondazione Prada. Image © Bas Princen Casa da Musica. Image © Philippe Ruault The Interlace. Image © Iwan Baan McKinsey & Company Hong Kong Office. Image © Philippe Ruault Garage Museum of Contemporary Art. Image © Yuri PALMIN Rothschild Bank Headquarters. Image © OMA by Philippe Ruault Villa dall'Ava. Image © Peter Aaron (OTTO) Educatorium. Image © Andrew Kroll Prada Transformer. Image © Iwan Baan Cai Guo Qiang Studio. Image © Brett Beyer, Courtesy of OMA Timmerhuis. Image © Ossip van Duivenbode Holland Green / OMA + Allies & Morrison. Image © Nick Gutteridge CCTV Headquarters. Image Courtesy of OMA Manus x Machina. Image © OMA - Albert Vecerka Pierre Lassonde Pavilion at the Musée National des Beaux-arts du Québec. Image © Bruce Damonte Repossi Place Vendome. Image © Cyrille Weiner, Courtesy of Repossi Il Fondaco dei Tedeschi. Image © Delfino Sisto Legnani + Marco Cappelletti AD Classics: Dutch Parliament Extension. Image Courtesy of OMA RIJNSTRAAT 8 / Ellen van Loon / OMA. ImagePhotograph by Delfino Sisto Legnani and Marco Cappelletti, © OMA Concrete at Alserkal Avenue. Image © Mohamed Somji, courtesy Alserkal Avenue 2017 MPavilion. Image © John Gollings Faena Forum, Faena Bazaar and Park. Image © Iwan Baan Shanghai LuJiaZui Exhibition Centre. Image Courtesy of OMA Bibliothèque Alexis de Tocqueville / OMA + Barcode Architects. Image © Delfino Sisto Legnani + Marco Cappelletti Lab City CentraleSupélec. ImagePhotograph by Vitor Oliveira, Courtesy of OMA The Design Museum of London / OMA + Allies and Morrison + John Pawson. Image © Luc Boegly + Sergio Grazia + 39

Rem Koolhaas Asks: Are Smart Cities Condemned to Be Stupid?

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OMA founder Rem Koolhaas has joined his colleague Stephan Petermann and artist Wolfgang Tillmans in calling for ideas on re-branding the European Union, at a time when the EU is experiencing increased pressure from the rising tide of far-right nationalism.

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Why Rem Koolhaas Switched From Scriptwriting to Architecture

A Biennale of Knowledge: Rem Koolhaas on The Importance of the Archive

Rem Koolhaas on Prada, Preservation, Art and Architecture

Video: Rem Koolhaas Answers Questions From Fans as Part of 'REM' Kickstarter

Rem Koolhaas Sheds Light on Lagos

The Berlage Archive: Rem Koolhaas + Kenneth Frampton (1998)

Watch Rem Koolhaas Present S,M,L,XL at the AA in 1995

Video: Rem Koolhaas and Peter Eisenman on today's critical architectural discourse issues

Rem Koolhaas to Lead OMA's Transformation of the New Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow

OMA has revealed plans for the renovation of the New Tretyakov Gallery on Krymsky Val in Moscow that will increase the accessibility and visibility of the gallery's four sectors. Led by Rem Koolhaas, the scheme will use color and material to create a new visual identity and to establish a new link to the Moscow River.

17 Excerpts from OMA Publications To Read and Download

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About this author
Patrick Lynch
Author
Cite: Patrick Lynch. "Spotlight: Rem Koolhaas" 17 Nov 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/449282/happy-birthday-rem-koolhaas-2/> ISSN 0719-8884
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Casa da Musica. Image © Philippe Ruault

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