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  7. Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN

Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN

  • 01:00 - 10 February, 2009
Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN
Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN, © Philippe Ruault
© Philippe Ruault

© Philippe Ruault © Philippe Ruault © Philippe Ruault © Philippe Ruault +58

  • Key Personnel

    Rem Koolhaas and Joshua Prince-Ramus (Partner-in-Charge), with Mark von Hof-Zogrotzki, Natasha Sandmeier, Meghan Corwin, Bjarke Ingels, Carol Patterson
  • Consultants

    Arup, Bruce Mau Design, Davis Langdon, Dewhurst Macfarlane, Front, HKA, Hoffman Construction, Inside/Oustide, Jones & Jones, Kugler Tillotson, Magnusson Klemencic, McGuire, Michael Yantis, Pielow Fair, Quinze & Milan, Seele
  • Client

    Seattle Public Library
  • Budget

    US $169.2 M
  • Program

    Central library for Seattle’s 28-branch library system, including 33,700 sqm of hq, reading room, book spiral, mixing chamber, meeting platform, living room, staff floor, children’s collection, and auditorium, and 4,600 sqm of parking.
  • More SpecsLess Specs
© Philippe Ruault
© Philippe Ruault

From the architect. The Seattle Central Library redefines the library as an institution no longer exclusively dedicated to the book, but as an information store where all potent forms of media—new and old—are presented equally and legibly. In an age where information can be accessed anywhere, it is the simultaneity of all media and, more importantly, the curatorship of their content that will make the library vital.

Section 2
Section 2

Hardscape Plan 11 Plan 4 Plan 8 +58

Flexibility in contemporary libraries is conceived as the creation of generic floors on which almost any activity can occur. Programs are not separated, rooms or individual spaces not given unique characters. In practice, this means that bookcases define generous (though nondescript) reading areas on opening day, but, through the collection’s relentless expansion, inevitably come to encroach on the public space. Ultimately, in this form of flexibility, the library strangles the very attractions that differentiate it from other information resources.

Views
Views

Instead of its current ambiguous flexibility, the library could cultivate a more refined approach by organizing itself into spatial compartments, each dedicated to, and equipped for, specific duties. Tailored flexibility remains possible within each compartment, but without the threat of one section hindering the others.

Our first operation was to “comb” and consolidate the library’s apparently ungovernable proliferation of programs and media. By combining like with like, we identified programmatic clusters: five of stability and four of instability.

© Philippe Ruault
© Philippe Ruault

Each platform is a programmatic cluster that is architecturally defined and equipped for maximum, dedicated performance. Because each platform is designed for a unique purpose, their size, flexibility, circulation, palette, structure, and MEP vary.

The spaces in between the platforms function as trading floors where librarians inform and stimulate, where the interface between the different platforms is organized—spaces for work, interaction, and play.

© Philippe Ruault
© Philippe Ruault

By genetically modifying the superposition of floors in the typical American high rise, a building emerges that is at the same time sensitive (the geometry provides shade or unusual quantities of daylight where desirable), contextual (each side reacts differently to specific urban conditions or desired views), iconic.

Model
Model

Elevation Legibility Section Sketch Diagram Platforms 2 +58

The problem of traditional library organization is flatness. Departments are organized according to floor plans. Each floor is discreet; the unpredictable fits of growth and contraction in certain sections are, theoretically, contained within a single floor.

© Philippe Ruault
© Philippe Ruault

In 1920, the Seattle Public Library had no classification for Computer Science; by 1990 the section had exploded. As collections unpredictably swell, materials are dissociated from their categories. Excess materials are put in the basement, moved to off-site storage, or become squatters of another, totally unrelated department.

© Philippe Ruault
© Philippe Ruault

The Book Spiral implies a reclamation of the much-compromised Dewey Decimal System. By arranging the collection in a continuous ribbon—running from 000 to 999—the subjects form a coexistence that approaches the organic; each evolves relative to the others, occupying more or less space on the ribbon, but never forcing a rupture.

Diagram Book Spiral
Diagram Book Spiral
© Philippe Ruault
© Philippe Ruault

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite: "Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN" 10 Feb 2009. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/11651/seattle-central-library-oma-lmn/>
Read comments

38 Comments

BG · July 06, 2016

I work in the building right next to this one, and when I cant sit at my desk any longer I take a zen stroll through this library. While I love this library, sometimes I feel like its a maze. While it is the single most artistic library I have ever stepped foot in, finding books is a nightmare, and it is rampant with hiding homeless people. I think it has so many homeless people because it is a maze with corners and alcoves that they can hide in and take a nap

A. Nony Mous · February 29, 2016

Love the architecture. This building is by far the nicest homeless shelter in Seattle. If you've ever been inside the library you know what I mean. There are always dozens of people scattered around inside who haven't showered in weeks that take shelter when the Seattle weather turns cold and cloudy/rainy. Which is about 8 months of the year. Sometimes the pervasive reek of body odor is overwhelming. A lot of them have obvious mental issues, sometimes severely so; I never let my 9 year old son leave my sight inside that building.

omnia ebrahim · October 07, 2015

https://www.youtube.com/watch?...
this makes it even better and really stand alone project
thanks for the article

ilka · October 04, 2013

thank's for all informations given about this amazing building!!it gives so much sens to the architecture!

Jamison Ludwig · November 09, 2012

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saba · October 19, 2012

Thank you ,for sharing useful information with us

Gakuhi Ngacaku · August 30, 2012

#RemKoolhaas&#39 Seattle Central Library | http://t.co/UXhdEszT | via @archdaily

C. Adams · August 27, 2012

I&#39m thinking I&#39d like to take a trip to Seattle just to see the new Central Library designed by OMA + LMN: http://t.co/rdFpbVe4 #LibraryLove

Sophie Qiu · August 24, 2012

Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN | ArchDaily http://t.co/i3fR3rHr via @archdaily

Nick_Gee1 · August 03, 2012

We&#39re absolutely in love with all of the glass/windows adorning the Seattle Central Library--have a look: http://t.co/UbhhSTTd

Tradesbook.uk.com · August 03, 2012

We&#39re absolutely in love with all of the glass/windows adorning the Seattle Central Library--have a look: http://t.co/UbhhSTTd

DoorandWindowParts · August 03, 2012

We&#39re absolutely in love with all of the glass/windows adorning the Seattle Central Library--have a look: http://t.co/UbhhSTTd

Inese Salina · June 08, 2012

Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN | ArchDaily http://t.co/NpygJLVr via @archdaily

Sophia Psarra · June 08, 2012

Is it? Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN | ArchDaily http://t.co/sm7KLBEs via @archdaily

BLAH CITY · June 08, 2012

As if on cue, @archdaily features Koolhaas&#39 Seattle Central Library... @BrentToderian @MichaelGeller http://t.co/LIDHtzt4 via @archdaily

julián · May 31, 2012

Este link es mejor, se imaginan esto http://t.co/YZOGcv6C ¿en este sitio? http://t.co/ILUniQwH #enfermedadguggenheim

Rob Booth · May 30, 2012

Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN | ArchDaily http://t.co/7u0A5yyC via @archdaily

Lubo Nik · January 21, 2012

The facade looks amazing.

ecommerce · January 21, 2012

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?????? ??????? · January 06, 2012

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efren barrios · November 28, 2011

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dot hachey · November 08, 2011

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Jinah R. Choi (????) · September 05, 2011

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mariamadelon · February 17, 2011

Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN | ArchDaily http://t.co/WfOO62f via @archdaily

SPRITE · September 27, 2010

Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN | ArchDaily http://t.co/kAZuQ5e via @archdaily

Bogdan Ionascu · July 26, 2010

@passiveprog I have not seen it before; Brief look that amazing. Check this out http://bit.ly/bo6R2g :D Thats a serious piece of work.

john · December 28, 2009

mangstap ini bang.........

Glen Buschmann · March 01, 2009

After one visit I wrote a harshly critical letter to SPL admin and got the "sorry you had a poor experience, there was ample time to give input beforehand" letter. I agree with much of the criticism about flow, color, signage, noise, and general hospitality. and won't reitate that.

One criticism I've not read and yet seems to sum up the poor planning is the spiral floor. It is deliberately uneven. The Spiral wierdness was made both more unfriendly and more expensive by the flooring. Why deliberately install ridges? NO-ONE would consider a flat floor with such ridges, but somehow it was perfectly acceptable to put bumps to stumble over on a slanted floor. When hiking I expect to encounter roots and rocks and unevenness in going up and down a trail. Not so on a floor of a building, ramp or level grade. People with arthritis, other foot and walking troubles, and general balance issues, are unable to comfortably negotiate this unevenness.

m.j. · December 06, 2009 06:39 AM

Glen,
have you used the Spiral in a wheelchair? The bumps enable me to pause without rolling in any direction, and without putting on my pesty breaks.

of course, criticism is due, the building is far from perfect, but pause for a moment and think from the perspective of many of the users: it's a type of architecture rarely presented in public spaces, it is free access to contemporary art and design, and it's one of the best-equipped libraries in the world for computer usage.

yes, it's flawed, but it's also one of the first of its kind.
have you ever seen a library like it?
i've seen many a museum with similar traits, but never a library.

SeattleGuy · February 12, 2009

Well, the stairs does not connect at every level in the same way and *contrary to what is depicted in the book spiral diagram above* there is only *one* escalator going up. The rest of the escalators are pairs, but the escalators from the "mixer" or whatever they call it to the top is one way only. There is no return escalator (this was cut due to reduce cost) instead there is either the choice to walk through the spiral until you find the stairs, find the elevator, or make it to the bottom.

It is frustrating and ugly. I wish I could find the other concept books that were submitted online.. but it's almost impossible to find other than this particular vision for the library..

Xing · February 12, 2009

I heard lots of complaints about lost in finding the way of up and down: could not find the stairs. Is that true?

SeattleGuy · February 12, 2009

I have to say, I live in Seattle and I HATE this building. In person it's ugly, features a "suicide leap" where one could jump from the top of the center shaft to the concrete floor 5 floors down, a confusing and relatively unusable fluorescent lit "spiral", and the public art throughout the building is very subpar. In person it is NOT bright and crystaline. It is neon, dark in any area that is not adjacent to a window, simplistically furnished with materials that are already scuffed, dirty, and nasty, and in a certain sense oppressive in the book stacks. The old building, which was from 1960 and sadly replaced a Carnegie library from 1906, was in some ways better than the current library.

Blech.

Óscar Cornejo · February 11, 2009

Pretty cool building, have been there several times and has a lot of awesome different spaces.

Franco · February 11, 2009

Ingels! Ingels!

Jason · February 11, 2009

Been there, seen it, got the pics. Cool building, the internal spaces surprise you and are somewhat deceptive from the outside.

sgurin · February 11, 2009

C?????? ?? ???????. Thanks for drawings.

Tzaar · February 11, 2009

@Thomas: Save it, already! This site is not simply about the hottest & newest but about a truly fantastic library of images, plans, and sections that are quite difficult to find in this quality and quantity. Your comment is boring.

I for one am excited to see this building with actually drawings, rather than simply that silly program diagram that was published (and created) after the fact. You know the one I mean. Fantastic photography, as well... I hadn't noticed before the way that the structural mullions thicken as the moment increases. Very cool.

jarmo k · February 11, 2009

woow, cool, i didn't know bjarke ingels had worked on the project!

Thomas · February 11, 2009

yawn... so now that we have basically the fourth REX project (in one day!) does that mean we don't have to see another one of their projects for the next year?

···

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© Philippe Ruault

Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN