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Pedro Kok

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Spotlight: Lina Bo Bardi

Sesc Pompéia. Image © Pedro Kok
Sesc Pompéia. Image © Pedro Kok

Lina Bo Bardi (December 4, 1914 – March 20, 1992) was one of the most important and expressive architects of 20th century Brazilian architecture. Born in Italy as Lina Achillina Bo, she studied architecture at the University of Rome, moving to Milan after graduation. In Milan, Bo Bardi collaborated with Gio Ponti, and later become editor of the magazine Quiaderni di Domus.

With her office destroyed in World War II Bo Bardi, along with Bruno Zevi, founded the publication A Cultura della Vita. As a member of the Italian Communist Party, she met the critic and art historian Pietro Maria Bardi, with whom she would move permanently to Brazil.

Sesc Pompéia. Image © Pedro Kok São Paulo Museum of Art (MASP). Image © Pedro Kok São Paulo Museum of Art (MASP). Image © Pedro Kok Sesc Pompéia. Image © Pedro Kok + 9

How to Choose Light Bulbs for an Architectural Project

Walking into an electrical store can be intimidating. At first glance all the lights are on, and the thousands of chandeliers and lamps are blinding. When you walk toward the lamps, you see shelves with dozens of options, shapes, colors, prices, and uses. In each package, informational tables with numbers that seem to make no sense at all. Lumens, color temperature, wattage. There are so many confusing terms. But before you give up on everything and rush back with the cheapest option, turning the lamp on only for it to make your house or the house you designed feel like a sinister back-country funeral home, some basic information can help you a lot. We know that good lighting design can greatly improve a building or even its occupant's productivity. And poorly designed lighting can ruin it or negatively affect its occupants. To help out, we've gathered some information that can help you the next time a light bulb burns out in your home.

Blue House / SIAA + Beatriz Meyer Estúdio

© Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok + 33

São Paulo, Brazil
  • Architects: Beatriz Meyer, SIAA
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area: 321.0 m2
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2017

Jabuticabeiras House / Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados

© Pedro Kok
© Pedro Kok

© Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok + 22

São Paulo, Brazil

W270 House / São Paulo Arquitetos + Fabio Jorge Arquitetura

© Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok + 48

Bragança Paulista, Brazil

AL122 Apartment / Gabriela Estefam + Augusto Kenji

© Pedro Kok
© Pedro Kok

© Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok + 27

Itaim Bibi, Brazil

Socially-Organized Housing: Design That Establishes Emotional Ownership

Developed by Nikos A. Salingaros, David Brain, Andrés M. Duany, Michael W. Mehaffy, and Ernesto Philibert-Petit, this series of articles offers here a set of evidence-based optimal practices for social housing, applicable in general situations. Varying examples are discussed in a Latin American context. Adaptive solutions work towards long-term sustainability and help to attach residents to their built environment.

They propose, then, new insights in complexity science, and in particular the work of Christopher Alexander on how to successfully evolve urban form. By applying the conceptual tools of “Pattern Languages” and “Generative Codes”, these principles support previous solutions derived by others, which were never taken forward in a viable form. 

Lausanne Apartment / GOAA

© Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok + 23

São Paulo, Brazil
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area: 180.0 m2
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2015

Shop ITSU Rio de Janeiro / Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados

© Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok + 15

Río de Janeiro, Brazil

Mr Sun Sushi Bar / Atelier Branco Arquitetura

© Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok + 9

São Paulo, Brazil

Espaço Núcleo Pulso / 23 SUL

© Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok + 25

Higienópolis, Brazil
  • Architects: 23 SUL
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area: 120.0 m2
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2016

Spotlight: Oscar Niemeyer

Cathedral of Brasília. Image © Gonzalo Viramonte
Cathedral of Brasília. Image © Gonzalo Viramonte

Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho, or simply Oscar Niemeyer, (December 15, 1907 – December 5, 2012) was one of the greatest architects in Brazil's history, and one of the greats of the global modernist movement. After his death in 2012, Niemeyer left the world more than five hundred works scattered throughout the Americas, Africa, and Europe.

Niterói Contemporary Art Museum. Image © Gili Merin Oscar Niemeyer International Cultural Centre in the Principality of Asturias, Spain. Image © Iñigo Bujedo-Aguirre National Congress of Brazil. Image © Andrew Prokos Cathedral of Brasília. Image © Gonzalo Viramonte + 25

Box House / Flavio Castro

© Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok + 82

São Paulo, Brazil
  • Architects: FCstudio
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area: 240.0 m2
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2017

Vila Ipojuca House / 23 SUL

© Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok + 42

Vila Ipojuca, Brazil
  • Architects: 23 SUL
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area: 210.0 sqm
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2016

House João de Barro / Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados

© Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok + 23

AD Classics: São Paulo Museum of Art (MASP) / Lina Bo Bardi

This article was originally published on August 14, 2014. To read the stories behind other celebrated architecture projects, visit our AD Classics section.

When Lina Bo Bardi received the commission to build a new museum of art on São Paulo’s Terraço do Trianon, she was given the job under one condition: under no circumstances could the building block the site’s panoramic vistas of the lower-lying parts of the city. This rule, instituted by the local legislature, sought to protect what had become an important urban gathering space along Avenida Paulista, the city’s main financial and cultural artery. Undeterred, Bo Bardi came up with a solution that was simple and powerful. She designed a building with a massive split through its midsection, burying half of it below the terrace and lifting the other half into the sky. As a result, the plaza remained open and unobstructed, and in 1968, the iconic São Paulo Museum of Art (MASP) was born.

© Flickr user Juliana Magro © Pedro Kok © Flickr user Rodrigo_Soldon © Flickr user Carol^-^ + 10

Brazilian Houses: 15 Steel Projects in Plan and Section

Metallic elements have been used in architecture and civil construction for hundreds of years, either as decorative elements, coverings or even to reinforce masonry structures. However, it is only in the second half of the eighteenth century that the first bridges emerge whose structure was entirely made of cast iron. A century later, iron was replaced by a more resistant and malleable alloy, still used today in architecture: steel.

Denser than concrete, the strength of steel subverts its weight and provides greater stiffness with less material - allowing for lighter and thinner structures than those made from other materials, such as wood or concrete. It is by no means the most used material in residential architecture, however, its use has made it possible to construct some interesting - and beautiful - examples of contemporary houses:

Studio in Jardim Paulista / grupoDEArquitetura

© Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok © Pedro Kok + 53

  • Architects: grupoDEArquitetura
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area: 200.0 m2
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2018