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Eduardo Souza

Architect and Urbanist graduated from the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC). Master in Urban Planning, History and Architecture Program, also at UFSC, with research related to the theme of mobility and urban sprawl. Interested in projects of urban requalification, non-motorized transport and public spaces, among many other subjects. Has been collaborating in ArchDaily Brasil since 2012 and is currently Editor of Architecture Classics and Articles.

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9 Augmented Reality Technologies for Architecture and Construction

08:00 - 14 April, 2019
9 Augmented Reality Technologies for Architecture and Construction, © GAMMA AR
© GAMMA AR

A technological innovation is revolutionizing one of the oldest professions in the world. Augmented reality has just broken onto the scene and has already been transforming civil construction. The changes are seen not only in designing and modeling, but also in building. Augmented reality benefits the entire construction team: engineers, designers, architects, project managers and service providers.

Unlike virtual reality, which creates a totally new and independent environment of the real world, augmented reality includes virtual elements that interact with what already exists. It is thus possible to combine virtual architectural designs with the reality of the construction site, increasing efficiency and accuracy, reducing the occurrence of errors and saving time, money and resources.

Keys To Improve Architectural Acoustics: Sound Absorption and Diffusion

07:00 - 12 April, 2019
Cortesia de Acoustical Surfaces
Cortesia de Acoustical Surfaces

"Acoustics" in architecture means improving sound in environments. Although it is a complex science, understanding the basics - and making efficient and effective decisions - is much easier than you might think. The first step is to understand that there are two technical categories used in acoustics: soundproofing and acoustical treatment. Soundproofing means "less noise" and treatment, "better sound".

Colors Of the Earth: Ghana's Incredible, Rammed Earth Walls

05:30 - 12 April, 2019
Colors Of the Earth: Ghana's Incredible, Rammed Earth Walls, Cortesia de Hive Earth
Cortesia de Hive Earth

Rammed earth constructions are not a novelty, on the contrary, some sections of the Great Wall of China were made using this technique. Relegated and replaced by modern methods of construction, the mud walls are currently re-emerging as an economic, sustainable solution, with low environmental impact. Even Joelle Eyeson, a young African entrepreneur, is betting that it may be the answer to the housing deficit in her region.

This is a rudimentary construction system in which earth is compressed into wooden boxes. The clay is horizontally placed in layers of 15 cm in height, and compacted with manual or pneumatic tools, to achieve its ideal density creating a resistant and durable structure.

Cortesia de Hive Earth Cortesia de Hive Earth Cortesia de Hive Earth Cortesia de Hive Earth + 22

Open Source Furniture: Download, Print And Build Online

05:30 - 9 April, 2019
Open Source Furniture: Download, Print And Build Online, Cortesia de Opendesk
Cortesia de Opendesk

Let's suppose you need a bookcase. Years ago, you would probably search the furniture stores or antique shops in your town. Today you are more likely to open dozens of tabs on your web browser to compare prices and models. But there is another option that is becoming increasingly popular: open source furniture.

It's simple; you download the design of a piece of furniture and send it to a CNC machine (a mill that cuts wood from a digital file). It’s more or less like sending a PDF to print. With the pieces cut, you just assemble it. We used a bookcase for example, but it could be a chair, a table, a cupboard, a bench. Opendesk, one of the current open source furniture platforms, brings together about 30 pieces of furniture available for download. There the user can download a project and cut the furniture in a FabLab or personal workshop, or use the site to connect with a joiner who makes the cuts.

London Design Fair. Image © Ollie Hammick London Design Fair. Image © Ollie Hammick Escritório Greenpeace. Image © Rory Gardiner Escritório Greenpeace. Image © Rory Gardiner + 9

Bike Parking Design Guidelines

08:00 - 6 April, 2019
Bike Parking Design Guidelines , © Eduardo Souza
© Eduardo Souza

Studies show that public investment in integrated and safe cycling networks promotes urban transformation, providing more humanity, health and quality of life in urban spaces. While cities in the Netherlands and the Nordic countries have already incorporated bicycles into daily life, with a significant portion of the population using the means of transport for daily commutes, much of the world is still seeking a model to reduce congestion and increase its use. According to the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP), investing in non-motorized transport allows congestion reduction, improves air quality, physical and mental health of residents, and local trade and brand visibility, once that cyclists tend to pay more attention to local commerce and take up less space than cars.

But along the cycle lanes and cycle paths it is essential to provide suitable places so that bicycles can be parked at the end of the trails. While bike stands are enclosed spaces, usually with some kind of surveillance and additional infrastructure, paracycles are the structures that allow to securely support and lock the bike. They can integrate in the urban furniture of a city, next to benches, plates, lamps and informative totems.

Cortesia de BKT mobiliario urbano Cortesia de BKT mobiliario urbano Cortesia de BKT mobiliario urbano Cortesia de BKT mobiliario urbano + 24

Cardboard: From Industrial Workhouse to Shigeru Ban’s Master Material

12:00 - 24 March, 2019
Cardboard: From Industrial Workhouse to Shigeru Ban’s Master Material, © Bridgit Anderson
© Bridgit Anderson

Cardboard tubes are so commonplace that we may no longer even notice them. Yet they are everywhere: in a roll of toilet paper, in the packaging of the college diploma, in fireworks, and in the tissue and paper industries. And now, more and more, they can be found in unusual places, such as on the walls of houses and buildings. The material is part of modern life and is being produced for a multitude of industrial applications and consumer products. The vast majority are used as structural cores in winding operations. Immediately after manufacturing, paper, film or textiles are rolled directly onto cardboard tubes resulting in a stable roll that is easily stored and transported.

Cortesia de Voluntary Architects' Network © Michael Moran / OTTO © Michael Moran / OTTO © Bridgit Anderson + 8

Infinity Pools in 15 Architecture Projects

07:00 - 14 March, 2019
Infinity Pools in 15 Architecture Projects, © Photographix
© Photographix

There are few things that fascinate us more than the sea. Its contemplation arouses a sense of peace, while its colors, textures, movements and amplitude provide a scientifically proven effect of relaxation in our nervous system. Above all, it makes us realize how small we are in the universe. It is not by chance that a house facing the sea is a dream of consumption for many, let alone with a pool right in front of it. Infinity pools play with this feeling of infinite sea and sky. Through a well-elaborated set of levels and plans, they create an optical illusion that leaves everyone speechless, making pool water appear as if merged with the horizon, overflowing at one or more edges. But before you plan your photo on Instagram with a glass of sparkling wine in your hand, let's take a look at how these pools are built.

© Hiroyuki Oki © Àdria Goula © Àdria Goula © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG + 20

Copper Cladding: A Glittering Room With Baroque Twists

12:00 - 10 March, 2019
Copper Cladding: A Glittering Room With Baroque Twists, Courtesy of Peter Ebner
Courtesy of Peter Ebner

This renovation project by Peter Ebner and friends ZT GmbH is about the history of a place and changing tastes and times. It is about not needing a large scale to radically improve the space around. It is about the beauty and character of the city with its reflected sparkling life, gloomy evening sky, raindrops and lights of passing cars. It is about people who are mostly in a hurry, but who still sometimes stop for a few seconds to take note of a special, glittering room.

© Paul Ott © Paul Ott © Paul Ott © Paul Ott + 21

Sun-Filled Spaces Created By Skylights In 20 Architectural Projects

07:00 - 6 March, 2019
Sun-Filled Spaces Created By Skylights In 20 Architectural Projects, © Adam Mork
© Adam Mork

Perhaps the most renowned 'skylight' ever built is the Pantheon of Rome commissioned by Marco Vipsanius Agrippa during the reign of Emperor Augustus (27 BC-14 AD) and rebuilt by Hadrian (117-118) around 126 AD. At the highest point of its dome (in this case, the oculus) the sunlight shines, casting its beams over the various statues of planetary deities that occupy the niches on the walls. The light that enters the space symbolizes a cosmic, sacred dimension. In projects around the world, natural light continues to fulfill this scenic role, especially in religious projects.

It is characterized as zenithal illumination as that which comes from above, from the sky (zenith). Very useful for large spaces that can not be adequately lit by windows, skylights are a widely used device for providing a pleasant, diffuse light. Generally, care is taken to prevent direct entry of sunlight; the openings must be well designed so that they do not overheat the space of allow water infiltration. Below is a collection of projects that make good use of this technique.

© Mathias Kestel © Hufton + Crow © Christian Richters © Andrew Lee + 44

Coolest White: A Painting to Reduce the Urban Heat Islands

05:00 - 1 March, 2019
Coolest White: A Painting to Reduce the Urban Heat Islands, Cortesia de UNStudio and Monopol Colors
Cortesia de UNStudio and Monopol Colors

The increasing use of air conditioning is causing many cities to hit record energy consumption levels during brutally hot summer months. In populous countries like India, China, Indonesia, Brazil, and Mexico, large urban centers function like ovens: buildings absorb heat that is re-released back into the environment, further increasing the local temperature. More heat outside means more air conditioning inside, which not only raises energy consumption, but also increases the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

With this vicious cycle in mind, a paint was created to protect buildings and urban structures from excessive solar radiation, diminishing the effect of the urban heat island. The innovation came from the partnership of UNStudio, a Dutch architectural firm, and Monopol Color, a Swiss paint specialist. The dark-colored materials that are used to construct the buildings in our cities are one of the main causes of heat accumulation in urban areas. While darker materials absorb up to 95% of the sun’s rays and release them straight back into the atmosphere, this value can be reduced to 25% with a normal white surface. Now, with ‘The Coolest White’, it is possible to reduce absorption and emission to 12%.

Sidewalks That Generate Energy Through The Steps

09:00 - 27 February, 2019
Sidewalks That Generate Energy Through The Steps, Cortesia de Pavegen
Cortesia de Pavegen

When we think of energy from renewable sources, the first that probably come to mind are solar and wind. And decentralizing power generation is something that has inspired engineers and inventors from all over the world.

So what about turning the mechanical energy generated when people walk into electrical energy? It can be done thanks to technology developed by Laurence Kemball-Cook,founder of Pavegen. Using platforms inserted within sidewalks Pavegen converts steps into electric power (while also generating data and even rewards). But before you go out there feeling like Michael Jackson in Billie Jean, you should understand how this system works.

Cortesia de Pavegen Cortesia de Pavegen Cortesia de Pavegen Cortesia de Pavegen + 9

The Possibilities of Pigmented Concrete: 18 Buildings Infused With Color

04:00 - 18 February, 2019
The Possibilities of Pigmented Concrete: 18 Buildings Infused With Color, Center for Interpretation of The Battle of Atoleiros / Gonçalo Byrne Arquitectos + Oficina Ideias em Linha. Image © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Center for Interpretation of The Battle of Atoleiros / Gonçalo Byrne Arquitectos + Oficina Ideias em Linha. Image © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

When we think of concrete, the color gray generally comes to mind. The traditional mixture of concrete, which comprises cement, gravel, sand, and water may vary in color depending on elements and admixtures but naturally varies from light to dark gray. However, compounds that add pigment to the mixture are becoming increasingly prevalent and popular,  as they infuse the concrete with hues more stable than paint. These shades result from the addition of oxides:  yellow, red and their derivations (eg. brown) are obtained with the addition of iron oxide; chromium and cobalt oxide create the greens and blues, respectively. For black concrete, it is common to use black iron oxide and carbon oxide combined with pozzolanic cement.

Centro Cultural Comunitário Teotitlán del Valle / PRODUCTORA. Image © Luis Gallardo - LGM Studio Museu Cais do Sertão / Brasil Arquitetura. Image © Nelson Kon Residência Montagnola / Attilio Panzeri & Partners. Image © Giorgio Marafioti Galería Solar S. Roque / Manuel Maia Gomes. Image © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG + 19

Slender Strength: The Mighty Grace of the Stainless Steel AIRTable

10:00 - 17 February, 2019
Slender Strength: The Mighty Grace of the Stainless Steel AIRTable, © Carlos Banon
© Carlos Banon

A sturdy featherweight table? Sounds... contrary to reason. But this contradiction was the very impetus for the design. Created for a research center that’s pushing the boundaries of design and manufacturing using technology and science, the designers--AIRLab, in collaboration with DManD-- sought to dematerialise the typical structure of a table, creating a sense of instability with the visual counterpoint of a solid surface.

© Aurelia Chan © Carlos Banon © Carlos Banon © Carlos Banon + 12

Do You Think About How Your Architecture Project Will Age? We Want to Hear from You!

10:00 - 16 February, 2019
Do You Think About How Your Architecture Project Will Age? We Want to Hear from You!, Historical photo: Courtesy of Retrieve the Ariston, Flickr user: ladyandrux. ImageArador Ariston / Marcel Breuer
Historical photo: Courtesy of Retrieve the Ariston, Flickr user: ladyandrux. ImageArador Ariston / Marcel Breuer

When the work finally comes to an end, the cleaning is done and preparations for the opening are underway, everything looks perfect. Coatings are all in their proper place, shining and with the intended color; wood surfaces are as yet unmarked and there is even a feeling of freshness and new life. Photographs mean that, for many, this vision of perfection is all that will ever be seen. 

But this perfection can be superficial. Failing to consider the damaging power of time during design and specification stages means can hasten the appearance of inevitable imperfections. Small fissures, stains, and scuffs among many other problems (that we have all dealt with at some point) begin to appear. The beautiful wood frame, so lovingly chosen, starts to look greyish. The paint fades where the sun hits the strongest. Boards begin to warp and fall  from the facade.

The Best Drawing Tutorials for Architects on YouTube

05:00 - 14 February, 2019
The Best Drawing Tutorials for Architects on YouTube, Screenshot do vídeo "Sketch like an Architect (Techniques + Tips from a Real Project)", de 30X40 Design Workshop
Screenshot do vídeo "Sketch like an Architect (Techniques + Tips from a Real Project)", de 30X40 Design Workshop

The slightly trembling linework, the distinctive crossed corners, the parallel hatching, and the uppercase letters: it is undeniable that architects have developed a style of drawing over time. And though free-hand perspectives are no longer the only (or even primary) form of representation for architectural projects, they still have enormous importance during the design process. They are a design tool rather than a form of representation. 

A line that is too thick, an ill-chosen color, a disproportionate scale figure – these are all elements that can draw attention away from the things we actually want to show. Even for an unpretentious and quick sketch, some rules are very important. Some tips help turn an ordinary sketch into something you take pride in and want to show to others. Taking advantage of the huge collection of youtube videos, we have selected some content creators who dedicate themselves to sharing their expertise with the masses. 

The Unbearable Lightness of Fiber-Cement Furniture

05:00 - 31 January, 2019
Cortesia de Swisspearl
Cortesia de Swisspearl

The idea of turning cold, raw materials into elegant shapes has always fascinated artists, architects, and designers. In the Carrara marble sculptures of Lorenzo Berdini and Michelangelo, human forms were carved from heavy blocks of stones with great detail and precision. There is no difference in architecture: from taking a light volume off the floor, to leaving a small indentation between a structure and a fence, to altering the lining of a block, there are several devices to make buildings visually lighter.

Cortesia de Swisspearl Cortesia de Swisspearl Cortesia de Swisspearl Cortesia de Swisspearl + 21

Zinc-Coated Buildings: 20 Recyclable and Durable Facades

04:00 - 23 January, 2019
Zinc-Coated Buildings: 20 Recyclable and Durable Facades, Perry and Marty Granoff Center for the Creative Arts, Brown University / Diller Scofidio + Renfro. Image © Iwan Baan
Perry and Marty Granoff Center for the Creative Arts, Brown University / Diller Scofidio + Renfro. Image © Iwan Baan

Zinc is a natural element extracted from ores. Its symbol, which appears in the dreaded Periodic Table, is Zn. Through a metallurgical process of burning its impurities (reducing zinc oxide and refining), it assumes a much more friendly appearance, and later becomes the sheets, coils, and rollers used in construction. The main characteristic of this material is its malleability, which allows it to be worked easily, allowing to cover complex forms in facades and roofs of buildings.

12 Online Courses for Architects and Students

08:00 - 20 January, 2019
12 Online Courses for Architects and Students, <a href="https://www.Vecteezy.com">Vecteezy!</a>
Vecteezy!

Online courses have gained more and more recognition in the past couple of years. In addition to the flexibility and convenience of learning wherever and whenever you want, they provide access to content from well-respected professors and colleges. In the field of architecture and construction, online courses have grown exponentially. Last year, we compiled a list that focused mainly on constructive and material techniques. This time we selected 15 online courses covering a range of subjects. We hope this selection of courses can help you with your next project.