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Eduardo Souza

Architect and Urbanist graduated from the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC). Master in Urban Planning, History and Architecture Program, also at UFSC, with research related to the theme of mobility and urban sprawl. Interested in projects of urban requalification, non-motorized transport and public spaces, among many other subjects. Has been collaborating in ArchDaily Brasil since 2012 and is currently Editor of Architecture Classics and Articles.

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How Will Home Automation Affect our Future?

07:45 - 9 September, 2019
How Will Home Automation Affect our Future?, Casa Três Pátios / extrastudio. Image © Francisco Nogueira
Casa Três Pátios / extrastudio. Image © Francisco Nogueira

Once restricted to luxury or super-tech buildings, home automation is proving to be an increasingly fundamental and affordable addition to architectural projects, whether to new buildings or renovations. While understanding how they operate can be extremely complex, the primary purpose of technology is to make life simpler, safer, and easier. By definition, home automation seeks to be globally intelligent, functioning as a system that facilitates processes without unnecessarily complicating the user's life. The idea is to connect devices, which in turn connect and talk through a centralized control unit, accessible by computers, tablets, and mobile phones. These include lights, appliances, electrical outlets, and heating and cooling systems, but also alarms, doors, windows, smoke detectors, surveillance cameras, and many other sensors and devices.

How to Design Safe Bathrooms for the Elderly

07:00 - 5 September, 2019
How to Design Safe Bathrooms for the Elderly, © Eduardo Souza
© Eduardo Souza

There exist frequent reports of toilet accidents, as they are often located in tight and slippery places. Although no one is immune to a slip after bathing, it is the elderly who suffer most from falls, and can often suffer serious injuries, sequelae, and functional limitations. Due to the natural reduction of reflexes and muscle mass, the higher the age group, the more prone to falls we become.

To provide more comfortable living conditions as users grow older, the environment must adapt to the new physical capabilities of its occupants. Making toilets safer is critical to reducing the risk of accidents and decreasing response time in the event of a fall. Here are some things to keep in mind when designing toilets for older people:

Residencia para Mayores en Mota del Cuervo (Cuenca) / GEED Arquitectos. Image © Alfredo Prados Covarrubias Residencia geriàtrica Mas Piteu / Estudi PSP Arquitectura. Image © Francisco Urrutia Residencia para Mayores en Mota del Cuervo (Cuenca) / GEED Arquitectos. Image © Alfredo Prados Covarrubias Housing for Elderly People in Huningue / Dominique Coulon & associés. Image © Eugene Pons + 11

How to Design Comfortable and Efficient Offices: Individual Workspaces

04:00 - 3 September, 2019
How to Design Comfortable and Efficient Offices: Individual Workspaces, Cortesia de Herman Miller
Cortesia de Herman Miller

The way of working has changed, but most offices remain the same.

However, innovating does not necessarily mean breaking down all the walls and creating a play space; the design of an office must take into account the needs and details of each work separately. Of course, for each function, there are better and worse ways to organize the spaces, and some configurations work better for certain activities. The important thing is that the place allows interactions while providing places for concentration and focus.

Clubhouse. Image Cortesia de Herman Miller Workshop. Image Cortesia de Herman Miller Haven. Image Cortesia de Herman Miller Jump Space. Image Cortesia de Herman Miller + 26

ArchDaily Topics - September: Work

06:30 - 2 September, 2019
ArchDaily Topics - September: Work

The way we approach work has changed, and that is undeniable. Our profession no longer defines us as much as past generations, and new forms of work have been incorporated into everyday life. While technology has revolutionized our ability to perform a variety of daily tasks, many professions have disappeared, some will probably not last much longer and, while others were created.

How Do Double-Skin Façades Work?

07:00 - 20 August, 2019
How Do Double-Skin Façades Work? , © ArchDaily
© ArchDaily

Double skin façades. Almost a self-explanatory name for façade systems consisting of two layers, usually glass, wherein air flows through the intermediate cavity. This space (which can vary from 20 cm to a few meters) acts as insulation against extreme temperatures, winds, and sound, improving the building's thermal efficiency for both high and low temperatures. Perhaps one of the most famous examples of double-skin facades is Foster+Partners' 30 St Mary Ax Building, "The Gherkin."

The airflow through the intermediate cavity can occur naturally or be mechanically driven, and the two glass layers may include sun protection devices.

© Cemal Emden © Martin Van der Wal © Sergio Grazia © Cemal Emden + 11

How Can Cities Help and Be Helped by Bees

07:00 - 9 August, 2019
How Can Cities Help and Be Helped by Bees, Cortesia de COOKFOX
Cortesia de COOKFOX

Food production is directly reliant on bees, and their disappearance could lead to catastrophic effects on humanity. There are alarming reports all over the internet about how these little insects are dying. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 75% of the world's food crops rely on bees. For example, it is only possible to have a juicy and well-developed strawberry if dozens of bees go by the flower at the right time and pollinate it. Without them, it would look more like a raisin.

How Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Can Make for More Resistant and Lighter Architecture

04:00 - 7 August, 2019
How Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Can Make for More Resistant and Lighter Architecture, © UBC
© UBC

The history of concrete dates back to ancient Rome, approximately 2,000 years ago. The so-called “Roman Concrete” is composed of limestone, volcanic ash, and seawater and it permitted the construction of aqueducts, highways, and temples; many of them still stand to this day. Some time ago, this original mix was discovered to form a mineral called aluminum tobermorite, which gets stronger as time goes by.

Heydar Aliyev Centre / Zaha Hadid Architects. Image © Hélène Binet © Samuel McGuire © Samuel McGuire Fibras. Image Cortesia de Swisspearl + 10

Cement Sinks: Color and Texture of Pigmented Concrete in Bathroom Space

09:00 - 29 July, 2019
Cement Sinks: Color and Texture of Pigmented Concrete in Bathroom Space, Cortesia de Kast
Cortesia de Kast

British company Kast has launched a new version of its traditional pigmented concrete sinks. Since concrete is an extremely versatile material, which combines the characteristics of natural stone with the ability to be molded in different forms, the products show carved surfaces with highly defined textures. The exploration of their linear patterns ranges from smooth horizontal ripples to diagonal folds or 'sharp' and vertical grooves. The organic variations in the colors and textures of the surfaces create a different aesthetic that comes directly from the character of the material.

Cortesia de Kast Cortesia de Kast Cortesia de Kast Cortesia de Kast + 24

How Can We Reduce Carbon Emissions in Architectural Projects?

05:00 - 18 July, 2019
How Can We Reduce Carbon Emissions in Architectural Projects?, Westborough Primary School / Cottrell & Vermeulen Architecture Ltd.. Image © Anthony Coleman
Westborough Primary School / Cottrell & Vermeulen Architecture Ltd.. Image © Anthony Coleman

Since the 1970s, humanity’s resource consumption began to exceed what the planet could renew in a year. That is, we are withdrawing and polluting nature more than it can naturally recover. According to the World Bank, if the world's population reaches even the projected number of 9.6 billion people by 2050, it will take almost three Earth planets to provide the natural resources needed to maintain humanity's current lifestyle.

Every day an enormous amount of carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere through industry, transportation, burning fossil fuels and even respiration of plants and living things. As the consequences of climate change become clearer, both governments and private sector companies are setting targets for carbon emission reductions, since these are regarded as the main greenhouse gases, and their high concentration in the atmosphere lead to air pollution and acid rain, among other consequences.

8 Interior Acoustic Panels and Their Constructive Details

09:00 - 9 July, 2019
8 Interior Acoustic Panels and Their Constructive Details, HAZA. Image Cortesia de Mikodam
HAZA. Image Cortesia de Mikodam

Picture this. You're in a restaurant and you can hear the conversation of the person in the table next to you better than the person you're sitting with. Then, everyone begins to speak louder, making the environment chaotic. Absorption, reflection, reverberation, frequency, decibels, etc. Although acoustics is a complex science that can render buildings almost uninhabitable when not properly thought out, architects do not always possess the theoretical resources nor have the necessary concern to develop acoustically comfortable spaces.

BISA. Image Cortesia de Mikodam GETA. Image Cortesia de Mikodam TOBA. Image Cortesia de Mikodam SAPA. Image Cortesia de Mikodam + 37

School and Daycare Projects for Different Climates

05:00 - 4 July, 2019
School and Daycare Projects for Different Climates, HN Nursery / HIBINOSEKKEI + Youji no Shiro. Image © Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)
HN Nursery / HIBINOSEKKEI + Youji no Shiro. Image © Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)

European children spend approximately 200 days a year at primary school. Even though the academic year in most parts of the world is not as long as in Europe, the place where children and adolescents spend the most time, following their own homes, is usually in educational institutions. These can be places for learning, playing and socializing, and as sad as it may be, they can also be safer places for children living in environments of abandonment, hunger, and violence, providing them with opportunities and even meals. A United Kingdom-wide survey found that the differences in physical characteristics of classrooms accounted for 16% of the variations in learning progress over the course of a year. In other words, the better a classroom is designed, the better children perform academically. According to the study, the factors that most affect children are sunlight, indoor air quality, acoustic environment, temperature, the design of the classroom itself and the stimulation within it.

What is Graphene and How Can It Revolutionize Architecture?

07:30 - 28 June, 2019
What is Graphene and How Can It Revolutionize Architecture?, Cortesia de The University of Manchester
Cortesia de The University of Manchester

Ever since Manchester University first isolated Graphene in 2004, it has been widely referred to by its properties as a promising material through diverse research that focuses on reaching a range of uses in the most varied industries. Graphene is known to be one of the strongest materials known to science due to its composition of a single carbon atomic layer in a hexagonal mesh. It is also one of the finest materials known to mankind, 200 times stronger than steel yet 6 times lighter. Plus, it is an excellent heat and electricity conductor, aside from its interesting light absorption qualities. When combined with other elements, including gases and metals, it can produce different new materials with highly superior properties.

Could 3D Printing be the Future of Social Housing?

07:00 - 26 June, 2019
Could 3D Printing be the Future of Social Housing?, Cortesia de ICON e New Story
Cortesia de ICON e New Story

This is all quite recent: less than a year ago, a French family became the first in the world to live in a 3D printed house. Short of 20 years, this seemed like a distant dream, this new technology has developed quickly, and it arises as a possible contribution to the housing crisis around the world.

Cortesia de ICON e New Story © AI-SpaceFactory Cortesia de ICON e New Story Cortesia de ICON e New Story + 8

Learn How to Avoid Energy Loss in Your Buildings

07:00 - 24 June, 2019
Learn How to Avoid Energy Loss in Your Buildings, ELEMENTAL's UC Innovation Center subverts the traditional office building, forming a glazed lobby in its interior, and creating fewer openings. Image © Nico Saieh
ELEMENTAL's UC Innovation Center subverts the traditional office building, forming a glazed lobby in its interior, and creating fewer openings. Image © Nico Saieh

Thermal comfort becomes very evident when it is not attended to. When thermal conditions are adequate in one location, our body is in balance with the environment allowing us to perform activities normally. On the other hand, when a space is too hot or too cold, we soon see changes in our mood and body. Dissatisfaction with the thermal environment occurs when the heat balance is unstable, that is when there are differences between the heat produced by the body and the heat that the body loses to the environment.