As the culmination of a 14-month initiative to examine new architectural possibilities for rapid growth in six megalopolises – Hong Kong, Istanbul, Lagos, Mumbai, New York, and Rio de Janeiro – the Museum of Modern Art is preparing to open Uneven Growth: Tactical Urbanisms for Expanding Megacities on November 22. The exhibition will present mappings of emergent modes of tactical urbanism from around the globe alongside proposals for a bottom-up approach to urban growth in the highlighted cities by six interdisciplinary teams made up of local practitioners and international architecture and urbanism experts.
Curator Pedro Gadanho, in collaboration with the Austrian Museum of Applied Arts (MAK), states:
“The exhibition features design scenarios for future developments that simultaneously raise awareness of the prevailing inequalities in specific urban areas and confront the changing roles of architects vis-à-vis ever-increasing urbanization. Each team in the exhibition was asked to consider how emergent forms of tactical urbanism can respond to alterations in the nature of public space, housing, mobility, spatial justice, environmental conditions, and other major issues in near-future urban contexts.”
A synopsis of each team’s work, after the break.
Perched behind the fog that conceals Bogotá’s mountains is William Oquendo’s house. It is a labyrinth of doors and windows, wherein a bedroom opens into the kitchen and a bathroom vents out into the living room.
Five thousand 5,000 kilometers away in Rio de Janeiro, Gilson Fumaça lives on the terrace level of a three-story house built by his grandfather, his father, and now himself. It’s sturdy; made out of brick and mortar on the ground floor, concrete on the second, and a haphazard combination of zinc roof tiles and loose bricks on the third. The last is Gilson’s contribution, which he will improve as his income level rises.
On the other side of the world in Bombay (Mumbai since 1995), houses encroach on the railway tracks, built and rebuilt after innumerable demolition efforts. “The physical landscape of the city is in perpetual motion,” Suketu Mehta observes in ‘Maximum City.’ Shacks are built out of bamboo sticks and plastic bags; families live on sidewalks and under flyovers in precarious homes constructed with their hands. And while Dharavi—reportedly the largest slum in Asia—has better quality housing, running water, electricity and secure land tenure, this is not the case for most of the new migrants into the city.
Architects: Studio Arthur Casas
Location: Rio de Janeiro – State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Architect In Charge: Arthur Casas
Co Authors: Christiane Trolesi, Mônica Nickel, Marcela Muniz, Renata Adoni.
Collaborators: André Chung, Christiana Matos
Area: 2000.0 sqm
Photographs: Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Architects: JBMC ARCHITECTS
Location: Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Jbmc Architects: Beatriz Pimenta Corrêa, Cecilia Pires, Cynthia Melo, Emiliano Homrich, Frederico Freitas, Gabriela Assis, João Batista Martinez Corrêa, Pedro Câmara and Sandra Morikawa
Jbmc : Caio D´Alfonso, Carina Oshita, Diogo Luz, Mariana Nito, Nara Borges and Raffaella Yacar
Area: 13774.0 sqm
Photographs: Nelson Kon
Rio de Janeiro has been selected to host World Congress of Architects UIA 2020, one of the world’s most important architecture forums. The news was announced yesterday by one of the UIA’s former presidents and current Secretary of the Session, Vassils Sgoutas, during the General Assembly of this year’s congress in Durban, South Africa. Rio’s application was spearheaded by Brazil’s most important architecture institution – Instituto de Arquitetos do Brasil (IAB). The South American city beat out two strong candidates: Melbourne and Paris.
After the presentations of the three candidate cities, two rounds of voting began. In the first round Rio got 85 votes, against Melbourne’s 73 votes and Paris’ 44 votes. In the second round Rio beat Melbourne with 107 votes against 95.
“Building a house takes time and money,“ said Marcio, a local resident of Complexo do Alemão, one of Rio de Janeiro’s numerous favelas, as he showed me around his house. This is why a house is often built over several generations: a floor may be laid, columns erected (rebar protruding), and a thin tin roof placed, but this is just to mark where the next builder should finish the job. “Constructing a roof with tiles is not a sign of wealth here — rather, it means that there’s not enough money to continue constructing the house,” explains Manoe Ruhe, a Dutch urban planner who has lived in the favela for the last six months.
An architect who has always been fascinated by the way people live, I had come to do a residency at Barraco # 55, a cultural center in Complexo do Alemão, in order to learn how its citizens went about building their communities. I had many questions: are there rules of construction? What are the common characteristics of each house? Do they follow the same typology? How are the interiors of the homes? What construction techniques and what materials are used?
Architects: OSPA Arquitetura e Urbanismo
Location: Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Project Architects: Carolina Souza Pinto, Lucas Obino, Cristiano Selbach Carneiro
Project Team: André Fauri, Carlota Vázquez, Erika Hartmann, Franco Miotto, Gelson Saldanha, Louise Serraglio, Luísa Dornelles, Roberto Flores, Stefânia Pilz
Project Area: 7,528 sqm
Project Year: 2013
Photographs: Marcelo Donadussi
Chun Qing Li, founder director of London-based KREOD, has revealed planes for a 1,200 square meter international trade pavilion for the 2016 Rio Olympics. Floating on a platform in the Barra de Tijuca lagoon, adjacent to Olympic Park, the pavilion is expected to bring together entrepreneurs and industry leaders from Brazil, the United Kingdom and China to discuss future of business and showcase their products.
The world is experiencing exponential growth and Rio de Janeiro, a true megalopolis of six million people, is a prime example. Thus, TEDGlobal 2014 has announced they will be “setting up shop” in Rio’s Copacabana Beach theater in the search to find “fresh thinking” in emerging geographies.
More than 40 speakers and performers have confirmed their attendance, each focusing on the “many facets of the Global South’s rise in influence and power” and relevant new stories from around the world.
Register here and continue after the break for complete list of confirmed speakers and Rio’s Mayor Eduardo Paes’ TED Talk “Four commandments of cities”…
Architects: Carla Juaçaba + Bia Lessa
Location: Fort Copacabana, Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Project Direction: Bia Lessa
Team: Antonio Pedro Coutinho, Pedro Varella, Sergio García–Gasco Lominchar, Elza Burgos de La Prida, Argus Caruso
Trainees: Daniel Cuchicho / Rita D’aguilar, Barbara Cutlak e Alvaro Pitas
Photographs: Leonardo Finotti, Courtesy of Carla Juaçaba + Bia Lessa
In this article for Fast Company, Boyd Cohen counts down the top 8 smart cities in Latin America. Using publicly available data and his own comprehensive framework to evaluate how smart a city is, he has generated a list which even he admits features a couple of surprises in the top spots. To see the list and discover what each city has achieved to deserve its ranking, you can read the full article here.