6 Politically Motivated Cities Built From Scratch

Image of the planned new capital of Egypt, masterplanned by SOM. Image Courtesy of SOM

Threatening to end ’s 1,046 year dominance as the country’s capital, earlier this month the government of Egypt announced their intentions to create a new, yet-to-be-named capital city just east of New Cairo. The promise of the more than 270 square mile ‘new New Cairo’ has attracted headlines from around the world with its sheer scale; a $45 billion development of housing, shopping and landmarks designed to attract tourism from day one, including a theme park larger than Disneyland. And of course, the plans include the promise of homes – for at least 5 million residents in fact, with the vast number of schools, hospitals and religious and community buildings that a modern city requires – making the new capital of Egypt the largest in history.

The idea of building a new capital city has appealed to governments across history; a way to wipe the slate clean, stimulate the economy and lay out your vision of the world in stone, concrete and parkland. Even old Cairo was founded as a purpose built capital, although admittedly urban planning has changed a little since then. It continues to change today; see the full list of different ways to build a totally new city after the break.

Jatobás Residence / Gesto Arquitetura

© Nelson Kon

Architects: Gesto Arquitetura
Location: – SP, Brasil
Project Architects: Newton Massafumi Yamato e Tânia Regina Parma
Project Area: 612.7 m2
Project Year: 2011
Photographs: Nelson Kon

Writer’s Retreat / Architectare

© Leonardo Finotti

Architects: Architectare
Location: Itaipava, – RJ,
Architect In Charge: Flavia Quintanilha, Rodrigo Fernandes
Area: 31.0 sqm
Photographs: Leonardo Finotti

Txai House / Studio MK27

© | FG+SG

Architects: Studio MK27
Location: Itacaré – BA,
Architect In Charge: Marcio Kogan
Co Architect: Carolina Castroviejo, Gabriel kogan
Desing Team: Carlos Costa, Laura Guedes, Mariana Ruzante, Mariana Simas, Paula Sertório
Area: 640.0 sqm
Year: 2014
Photographs: Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

Guilhermina Restaurant / FGMF Arquitetos

© Rafaela Netto

Architects: FGMF Arquitetos
Location: São Paulo – State of São Paulo,
Architects In Charge: Fernando Forte, Lourenço Gimenes, Rodrigo Marcondes Ferraz
Area: 157.0 sqm
Year: 2014
Photographs: Rafaela Netto

Tunga Gallery / Rizoma Arquitetura

© Leonardo Finotti

Architects: Rizoma Arquitetura
Location: – MG, Brasil
Project Architects: Thomaz Regatos e Maria Paz
Collaborators: Sara Fagundes e Inácio Luiz
Project Area: 2194.0 m2
Project Year: 2011
Photographs: Leonardo Finotti

Mororó House / Studiomk27

© Fernando Guerra |

Architects: Studiomk27
Location: Campos do Jordão – SP,
Architect In Charge: Marcio Kogan
Co Autora: Maria Cristina Motta
Desing Team: Carlos Costa, Carolina Castroviejo, Elisa Friedmann, Laura Guedes, Mariana Simas, Mauro Augusto, Oswaldo Pessano, Pedro Ribeiro, Rafael Costa
Interior Design: Diana Radomysler
Area: 730.0 sqm
Year: 2015
Photographs: Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

Luis Anhaia Studio / Zemel + ARQUITETOS

© Maíra Acayaba

Architects: Zemel + ARQUITETOS
Location: Vila Madalena, São Paulo – São Paulo, Brasil
Project Architects: Paula Zemel Pompeu de Toledo e Eduardo Chalabi
Collaborator: Cristiano Zan
Project Area: 148.0 m2
Project Year: 2013
Photographs: Maíra Acayaba

Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955-1980

Affonso Eduardo Reidy. Museum of Modern Art of (MAM), , Brazil, 1934-1947. ©Núcleo de Documentação e Pesquisa – Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da Universidade Federal do

In 1955 the Museum of Modern Art staged Latin American Architecture since 1945, a landmark survey of modern architecture in Latin America. On the 60th anniversary of that important show, the Museum returns to the region to offer a complex overview of the positions, debates, and architectural creativity from Mexico and Cuba to the Southern Cone between 1955 and the early 1980s.

More about Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955-1980, opening at MoMA on March 29th, after the break. 

Cube Houses / Aleph Zero + Studio Juliano Monteiro

© Felipe Gomes

Architects: Aleph Zero, Studio Juliano Monteiro
Location: Curitiba – State of Paraná,
Architect In Charge: Gustavo Utrabo, Pedro Duschenes, Juliano Monteiro
Area: 1678.0 sqm
Photographs: Felipe Gomes

Spotlight: Lúcio Costa

. Image via archi.ru. ImageLúcio Costa

Brazilian planner, preservationist and modernist thinker Lucio Costa  (27 Feburary 1902 – 13 June 1998) is best known for his 1957 plan of Brasília that shaped the Brazilian capital into a monument to utopian modernism. A resolute and often controversial figure in the Brazilian establishment, Costa’s contributions to Brazilian architecture helped to shape the distinctive modernism that was practically Brazil’s official style until the 1980s.

NAU Restaurant / Sandra Moura

© Joana França

Architects: Sandra Moura
Location: Brasília – Distrito Federal, Brasil
Project Architect:
Project Team: Monalisa Felinto e Bárbara Veiga
Project Area: 7300.0 m2
Project Year: 2013
Photographs: Joana França

LM Residence / Marcos Bertoldi Arquitetos

© Alessandra Okazaki

Architects: Marcos Bertoldi Arquitetos
Location: Campo Comprido, – State of Paraná, Brazil
Project Area: 751.0 m2
Project Year: 2008
Photographs: Alessandra Okazaki

Estúdios Capelinha / Arquitetos Associados

© Leonardo Finotti

Architects: Arquitetos Associados
Location: – Minas Gerais, Brasil
Project Architect: Carlos Alberto Maciel
Collaborators: Michelle Andrade, Ulisses Mikhail Itokawa, Enara Paula Paiva e Henrique Boabaid
Project Area: 1172.0 m2
Project Year: 2011
Photographs: Leonardo Finotti

VIDEO: Stunning Time-Lapse Captures Life in Rio de Janeiro

It’s no wonder that the beautiful city of Rio de Janeiro is one of the most visited cities in the southern hemisphere. From Copacabana’s Balneario Beach to the iconic Cristo Redentor atop Corcovado, Rio is a “cidade maravilhosa” (marvelous city) with one of the most spectacular urban settings in the world. Capturing its mystic, the pros of Scientifantastic have posted a stunning time-lapse that captures life in the coastal Brazilian megalopolis.

Another, revealing the favelas of Brazil and more, after the break.

LP House / Metro Arquitetos Associados

© Leonardo Finotti

Architects: Metro Arquitetos Associados
Location: Butanta, São Paulo – State of São Paulo, Brazil
Architectural Design: Gustavo Cedroni, Martin Corullon e Anna Ferrari
Area: 190.0 sqm
Year: 2014
Photographs: Leonardo Finotti

Lumini Rio / studio mk27

© Reinaldo Cóser

Architects: studio mk27
Location: Rio de Janeiro – State of Rio de Janeiro,
Architect In Charge: Marcio Kogan
Co –Architect : Diana Radomysler, Luciana Antunes
Project Team : Carlos Costa, Dimitre Gallego, Laura Guedes, Mariana Ruzante, Mariana Simas, Oswaldo Pessano, Renata Furlanetto
Area: 312.0 sqm
Year: 2013
Photographs: Reinaldo Cóser

Jabuticaba House / Raffo Arquitetura

© R.R.Rufino

Architects: Raffo Arquitetura
Location: Alphaville, – PR,
Architectural Design: Lucas Raffo
Area: 540.0 sqm
Year: 2012
Photographs: R.R.Rufino, Fabio Pitrez