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Structure: The Latest Architecture and News

Brazilian Interiors With Exposed Structures

Many architects tend to prefer using materials and architectural elements in their natural or raw state. It is common to remove ceilings and finishings, especially in renovation projects, to expose a building's structure. This process of reclaiming the natural materials of construction - without incorporating elements to cover the framework, pipes, tubes, and cables - transforms these spaces into places that have nothing to hide.

Higienópolis Apartment / Teresa Mascaro. Image: © Pedro MascaroExpansion of Apartment in Brazil Building / Alvorada Arquitetos. Image: © Pedro KokApartment AMRA7 / Piratininga Arquitetos Associados + Bruno Rossi Arquitetos. Image: © Nelson KonApartment 3 Zero 8 / Debaixo do Bloco Arquitetura. Image: © Joana França+ 13

Groupwork Architects Investigate the Sustainable Advantage of Structural Stone

Groupwork, in collaboration with Jackson Coles, Eight Associates, Webb Yates, The Stonemasonry Company and Polycor, is investigating the possibilities to build large commercial buildings in stone, through the Stone Tower Research project and The New Stone Age exhibition.

Eric Parry Architects FinsburySq. Image © Helene BinetPerraudin Collective Housing, Switzerland. Image © PerraudinCarlSvestedt DelasWinery. Image © Dan GlasserAAU FlatVault Jerusalem. Image © Mikaela Burstow+ 22

The Landmark At Dubai Creek Harbour

Emaar Development is hosting an International Open Design competition for the Design of The Landmark at the heart of the ambitious new world-class mixed-use waterfront development Dubai Creek Harbour. The Development is a 5.6 Million sqm site and is expected to have 48,500 residential units with a population of 175,000 residents, when completed.

Cardboard: From Industrial Workhouse to Shigeru Ban’s Master Material

Cardboard tubes are so commonplace that we may no longer even notice them. Yet they are everywhere: in a roll of toilet paper, in the packaging of the college diploma, in fireworks, and in the tissue and paper industries. And now, more and more, they can be found in unusual places, such as on the walls of houses and buildings. The material is part of modern life and is being produced for a multitude of industrial applications and consumer products. The vast majority are used as structural cores in winding operations. Immediately after manufacturing, paper, film or textiles are rolled directly onto cardboard tubes resulting in a stable roll that is easily stored and transported.

Cortesia de Voluntary Architects' Network© Michael Moran / OTTO© Michael Moran / OTTO© Bridgit Anderson+ 8

Prefabricated Public Schools: 7 Brazilian Projects in Plan and Section

Telemaco State School Melges / UNA Arquitetos. Image © Nelson Kon
Telemaco State School Melges / UNA Arquitetos. Image © Nelson Kon

Great school design is more than just a good piece of architecture. Particularly in vulnerable areas with poor public infrastructure, schools symbolize the role of the state and education as a transforming agent for social improvement. They can also become areas for community life, sports, courses, among other uses. Unfortunately, these projects do not always receive the attention they deserve. 

Schools require diverse and complex programs and flows, therefore, developing an educational project is one of the greatest challenges for architects. Due to the economy, rationalization, and speed of work, Brazil's largest portion of school projects are designed from prefabricated concrete elements with rigid modulations and, in rare cases, steel. But what may seem to limit at first, can actually become an exercise in structural creativity. 

In an attempt to elucidate the systems used to materialize these projects, we've selected a compilation of seven prefabricated schools in plan and section to create incredible spaces for learning. 

How Inverted King Post Trusses Allow for Large, Elegant Open Spaces

SEBRAE Headquarters / gruposp + Luciano Margotto. Image © Nelson Kon
SEBRAE Headquarters / gruposp + Luciano Margotto. Image © Nelson Kon

Inverted king post trusses are made of steel bars and cables used to reduce bending, deformation, and a trusses’ height. In other words, they are a collection of continuous beams (steel or wood) and steel cables that are positioned under the beam, supported by an upright king post. Although slender, they are suited for large spans and have small sections.

Grid House / FGMF Arquitetos. Image © Alexandre SchneiderGrid House / FGMF Arquitetos. Image © Alexandre SchneiderSEBRAE Headquarters / gruposp + Luciano Margotto. Image © Nelson KonGrid House / FGMF Arquitetos. Image © Alexandre Schneider+ 17

Meditate In This Mobile Nature-Inspired Pinecone Gazebo

Designed by Czech designers Atelier SAD and distributed by mmcité1, this mobile, nature-inspired gazebo is a playground must-have for children and adults alike. 109 waterproof, plywood scales are treated with resistant glaze and connected by galvanized joints to create a self-supporting, sustainable structure.

Courtesy of mmcité1Courtesy of mmcité1Courtesy of mmcité1Courtesy of mmcité1+ 45

Kengo Kuma Transforms Shanghai Shipyard Into Multi-Use Complex

In the Lujiazui financial district in Pudong, Shanghai, Kengo Kuma has reimagined a 1972 shipyard into a new 9,000-square-meter multi-use complex, named Shipyard 1862. Behind original, rugged brick walls, the old shipyard was once defined by a 12 by 30-meter grid, which allowed for massive interior spaces to hold ships. In this industrial-style adaptive reuse project, Kuma was careful to preserve the building’s structural and material integrity. These photographs provided by Julien Lanoo show how the industrial shell has been transformed by the refurbishment project.

Call for Submissions: GAGA 2018

The countdown has begun to the annual GAGAs - Galvanizers Association Galvanizing Awards. Entry is now open for these highly regarded awards, which offer an accessible yet powerful way of establishing a reputation for design excellence, within the architectural community and beyond.

The GAGAs are open to all within the construction supply chain from clients, architects, engineers, contractors and fabricators. All that is required is a short project description and photographs. Any new building or refurbishment project completed after 1st June 2015 is eligible.

The event will be held in June 2018 at the Royal Aeronautical Society in London, where judges

International Photography Competition: Geest Van de Architectuur

In this fast-paced era a lot of little details are missed in a matter of seconds. Just like architecture that we see everyday and everywhere, the stunning beauty of it all are tend to be overlooked.

Sou Fujimoto's Polyhedral Pavilion Shapes The Art Island of Japan

Located a few meters from the terminal of Naoshima, the Japanese island better known as the "Art Island", Sou Fujimoto's Pavilion appears as a translucent and lightweight diamond perched on the coastal edge of Kagawa, visible from SANAA's ferry terminal welcoming the visitors to the island.

The Naoshima Pavilion was part of the 2016 Setouchi Triennial. Fujimoto has created its structure with a white painted stainless steel framework, acting as a mesh that gives the polyhedron it's irregular shape and light appearance as if it was levitating from the ground.

Open call: Structures of Freedom Competition

Archtalent, an online architecture platform for Architects, in collaboration with Sziget, one of the largest music and cultural festivals in Europe, make an international call to design a temporary structure within the particular context of a music festival in the city of Budapest in Hungary.

MIT Researchers Develop 3D Graphene Structure 10 Times Stronger Than Steel

Known for its light weight and high strength properties, graphene has been promised to us as the material of the future for quite some time now. But difficulties in translating its 2D strength into 3-dimensional applications have so far held it back from common use. Now, thanks to new research by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), that future may now be closer than ever before. In the school’s latest experiment, researchers have discovered how the material could be shaped into to sponge-like form to resist forces 10 times greater than steel.

Watch How Bamboo Scaffolding Was Used to Build Hong Kong's Skyscrapers

© flickr user ahmcdowall. Licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0
© flickr user ahmcdowall. Licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0

In the late 20th century, restricted by an a small landmass and extreme terrain, the Hong Kong urban area grew to become one of the densest and most vertical places on the planet, with more buildings taller than 500 feet than any other city in the world. But instead of the steel or aluminum structures used as scaffolding in Europe and the Western Hemisphere, the majority of skyscrapers built in Hong Kong and much of Asia used scaffolding systems constructed out of bamboo.

To create the structures, the high strength, lightweight material is strapped together with plastic ties by construction crews, who also use the structure as a ladder for scaling the building. Despite using few safety restraints, crews are able to construct up to 1,000 square feet of bamboo scaffolding in just one day. To protect the structure, nylon gauze is sometimes draped along the outside.

Check out a series of GIFs and images showing how it works after the break. And if you're interested in learning more about bamboo construction materials, check out our Materials catalog.