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Victor Delaqua


From Lina Bo Bardi to Renzo Piano: When Drawing Translates the Experience of Space

© Mikkel Frost
© Mikkel Frost

If today technologies are emerging for different forms of representation and interaction with drawing, understanding how architects communicate through hand-drawn strokes can be essential to delve into the topic of architectural visualization. Through the simplicity of gestures, small texts or a collage of references, it is possible to translate ideas in an innovative way, unlike the ways that a render can present. For this reason, we highlight here the work of great names such as Lina Bo Bardi, Renzo Piano, Pezo von Ellrichshausen and Mikkel Frost, who, using different techniques, reveal different ways of representing a project.

Lina Bo Bardi. Preliminary study – practicable sculptures from the belvedere Museu de Arte Trianon, 1968. Ink and watercolor on paper, 56.3 x 76.5 cm. MASP collection, donation from Instituto Lina Bo and P. M. Bardi© Mikkel FrostPainting of INES Innovation Center / Pezo von Ellrichshausen. Image Courtesy of Pezo von Ellrichshausen.Sketch - Renovation and Expansion of the Harvard Art Museums / Renzo Piano + Payette+ 17

What Can We Learn About Zero Carbon From Lelé’s Work?

The Zero Carbon policy is intended to create a kind of ecological balance to neutralize greenhouse gas emissions. Several studies report that the construction sector is one of the main responsible for the unbalance in which we find ourselves today, after all, it consumes natural resources on a gigantic scale and still builds buildings that do not collaborate with the maintenance of the environment. Therefore, searching for paths towards a carbon neutral architecture has become fundamental and one of them is learning from past masters, such as the Brazilian architect João Filgueiras Lima, known as Lelé.

Hospital Sarah Kubitschek Salvador / João Filgueiras Lima (Lelé). Foto: © Nelson KonResidência RP / João Filgueiras Lima (Lelé). Foto: © Joana FrançaMemorial Darcy Ribeiro - Beijódromo / João Filgueiras Lima (Lelé). Foto: © Joana FrançaHospital Sarah Kubitschek Salvador / João Filgueiras Lima (Lelé). Foto: © Nelson Kon+ 13

Inspired by Nature: Getting to Know the Work of Atelier Marko Brajovic

Based in São Paulo, Atelier Marko Brajovic was founded in 2006 by architect Marko Brajovic. With a multidisciplinary practice, the idea of the hybrid manifests itself as the conceptual north of the office that operates on several fronts: architecture, scenography, expography, creative direction, interior and product design. With a vast language that explores different areas, formats and aesthetics, its projects are, above all, recognized for breaking with the modern canon and seeking solutions in nature.

Casa Macaco / Atelier Marko Brajovic. Foto: © Rafael MedeirosParada Coca-Cola / Atelier Marko Brajovic. Foto: © Fernando MartinsCasa Proa / Atelier Marko Brajovic. Foto: © Rafael MedeirosExpo Milão 2015: Pavilhão do Brasil / Studio Arthur Casas + Atelier Marko Brajovic. Foto: © Filippo Poli+ 11

10 Iconic Buildings that Changed Our Perception of Raw Materials

The history of architecture shows that the use of raw materials has always been somewhat common, whether in ancient vernacular techniques or within the Brutalist movement, to name a few. It is evident that the language of a project is often linked to its material, as various sensations and the perception of space are directed by the aesthetic and physical quality of the given element. For this reason, we have gathered ten buildings that highlight the quality of their materials, whether to make a statement, reinterpret a technique from the past, or to re-signify the potency of some of these elements.

"Images Tell the Truth of the Author": Behind the Scenes with Pablo Casals Aguirre

OFMA Office. Image © Pablo Casals AguirreBambu Kindergarten. Image © Pablo Casals AguirreBrasil Embassy. Image © Pablo Casals AguirreMallarauco House. Image © Pablo Casals Aguirre+ 50

In this episode of “Behind the Scenes”, where we showcase the work of visionary photographers and ask about their experiences beyond what is seen by the public, we present Pablo Casals Aguirre, an architect, professor, photographer, and filmmaker based in Santiago, Chile. Here, he shares his methodology, which he developed with references to cinema, and highlights his intentions of translating the best architectural works into imagery - be it still or in movement.

“Universal Representation Is Utopian”: Erica Malunguinho Talks About Urban Equity

When crossing a space, a body carries within it many meanings. The reading that translates into this person-architecture dialogue, and the sensations that arise from it, demonstrate much of the social inequality and violent structures intrinsic to the Western imagination, which privileges the same standard: the white man. Finding a place of rebalancing in which it is possible to create an alternation of power —in race and gender - is a commitment by Erica Malunguinho.

Is There a Solution to Inequality in Latin American Cities?

The concept of equity is different from equality; equity means everyone needs support, but not necessarily in the same way. Therefore, the concept of urban equity allows us to preserve the uniqueness of each region of a municipality, protecting diversity and richness without overlooking infrastructure needs, which directly affect the quality of public space and the basic services required for a private residence - it allows us to design and invest in the city fairly, regardless of the region.

Traditional Techniques Applied to Contemporary Architecture in the Amazon

Instituto Socioambiental – ISA / Brasil Arquitetura. Photo: © Daniel DucciCacao Interpretation Center / Taller Con Lo Que Hay 4 + ENSUSITIO Arquitectura. Photo: © Taller Con Lo Que Hay /ENSUSITIO ArquitecturaMirante do Gavião Amazon Lodge / Atelier O'Reilly. Photo: Ruy ToneInstituto Socioambiental – ISA / Brasil Arquitetura. Photo: © Daniel Ducci+ 19

The architecture of indigenous peoples is deeply rooted in their surroundings, in the sense that materials are locally sourced and empirically tested, to discover the construction techniques and dwellings that best respond to the values of the community and their understanding of housing. The situation in the Amazon is no different. Many different groups of people have settled on the land and water, developing many unique building skills that attract a lot of architects working in these regions. As a result, there is an exchange of knowledge, combining native cultures and novel architecture.

Fluid Facades: Creating Movement in Architecture With Curtains

Terrassenhaus Berlin / Brandlhuber + Emde, Burlon + Muck Petzet. Photo: © Erica OvermeerBeyond the Wind Pavilion / MAT Office. Photo: © Kangshuo TangCasa Lara / Felipe Hess. Photo: © Ricardo BassettiAntiRoom II Pavilion / Elena Chiavi + Ahmad El Mad + Matteo Goldoni. Photo: © Ahmad El Mad+ 15

Curtains can provide a freer and more dynamic flow in architecture. These elements are usually intended to protect the interior from sunlight or create visual privacy, but they are also used as decoration or as room dividers. Since they are very movable and flexible, curtains are becoming a popular choice for architects and interior designers, creating layers between interior and exterior spaces that transform the environment through light and shade. Here, we have gathered some examples of projects that use curtains, particularly in the facades, showing how this solution can affect the overall impression of the design.

A Brief History of Automation in Architecture

Efficiency in the construction site by reducing waste and lowering costs, improving safety through better planning, and introducing machines to assist in the construction and design process. These benefits can be achieved through automation in architecture, but for technology to reach this point of empowering and supporting creativity while also improving efficiency, we have come a long way. To understand how automation developed and the prospects it offers for architecture, here is a brief timeline.

Participatory Architecture: Community Involvement in Project Development

Naidi Community Hall / CAUKIN Studio. Photo: © Katie EdwardsKindergarten Zimbabwe / Studio Anna Heringer. Photo: © Margarethe HolzerMultiprogram Ship, Vertical System of Sports and Cultural Platforms / Alejandro Haiek / LAB PRO FAB. Photo: © Julio Cesar MesaUVA El Paraiso / EDU - Empresa de Desarrollo Urbano de Medellín. Photo: © Alejandro Arango+ 39

When designing community spaces, the architectural concept can easily clash with the user's experience. Therefore, engaging the community and future users in the project development and design process is a way of adding different perspectives to the architect's vision towards a more intelligent architecture.

"Pictures Tell A Truth": Behind The Scenes With Niveditaa Gupta

Courthouse by MOAD Architects. Image © Niveditaa GuptaRugs by Mark Krebs. Image © Niveditaa GuptaFound by Aanshiki Mittal. Image © Niveditaa GuptaBhadran School by SRDA. Image © Niveditaa Gupta+ 17

In this episode of “Behind the Scenes”, where we showcase the work of visionary photographers and ask about their experiences beyond what is seen by the public, we are presenting Niveditaa Gupta, an architectural photographer, and filmmaker based in New Delhi, India. Through her photos, she looks to create visuals that can prompt a discourse about architecture itself.

The Perfect Render: Understanding and Mastering Rendering Techniques

Render: Houses in Rio da Barra. Image Courtesy of Estúdio MóduloRender: Communal Housing in Sobradinho. Image Courtesy of Estúdio MóduloRender: Promenade and Furniture in Búzios. Image Courtesy of Estúdio MóduloRender by Mariana Bastos. Image Courtesy of CURA+ 27

Rendering has become indispensable to most architectural offices. To understand how these images can assist during the design process, how they have evolved, and especially, what aspects should be considered to create an outstanding visualization of a project, we talked to Guilherme Bravin and Marcus Vinicius Damon, co-founders of Estúdio Módulo, and coordinators of {CURA}, an open architecture school focused mainly on architectural visualization.

"When Humans are in Motion, Architecture Gains Meaning": Behind the Scenes with Nicolás Castagnola

In this episode of “Behind the Scenes”, where we showcase the work of visionary artists and ask about their experiences beyond what is seen by the public, we are presenting Nicolás Castagnola: an illustrator, animator, and architect born in Buenos Aires and based in Berlin. Through his illustrations and animations, he brings different meanings to architecture by opening an imaginative field about the infinite possibilities that the built environment can provide.

"Without Great Architecture We Are Nothing": Behind the Scenes with Edmund Sumner

Naila House. Photo: © Edmund Sumner© Edmund SumnerNeelham Cinema. Photo: © Edmund Sumner © Edmund SumnerInagawa Cemitery. Photo: © Edmund Sumner © Edmund SumnerNaila House. © Edmund Sumner+ 9

At ArchDaily, we always aspire to provide our community with all the tools and knowledge to help imagine, design, and build better cities. In order to bring inspiration and present more about what goes on beyond a complete project, we are launching a new series titled “Behind the Scenes”, where we showcase the work of visionary photographers, artists, and curators, and ask some questions that allow them to share more of what they do with the world. In every episode, we will be sharing with you the answers, along with images and videos of their work. 

Kicking off the series is London-based architectural photographer Edmund Sumner.

Who Are Lacaton & Vassal? 15 Things to Know About the 2021 Pritzker Architecture Laureates

House in Bordeaux. Photo courtesy of Philippe RuaultMultipurpose Theater. Photo courtesy of Philippe RuaultTransformation of G, H, I Buildings, Grand Parc. Photo courtesy of Philippe RuaultLatapie House. Photo courtesy of Philippe Ruault+ 12

With a formal and material approach that differs from the scenarios we usually find in Architecture, Lacaton & Vassal —a French practice that marks its influence in contemporary times by being awarded the Pritzker Prize 2021— brings an open and generous vision to the field.