“An alternately factual documentary presented by nameless hosts Reggie Watts and Carolina Ravassa Brasilia takes viewers on a whirlwind tour of the famed capital of Brazil. In topics ranging from architecture, religious ceremonial practices, and spiritual conscious alignment, Reggie and Carolina traverse some of the world’s most impossibly futuristic human landscapes, extolling earnest advice about the culture, practices, and habits of the Brasilienese people. With a synthesizer soundtrack from the late 60/early 70s, Brasilia exposes the unknown truths of this exotic utopian city nestled in the cradle of South America.” – Film description courtesy of Reggie Watts via Indiewire.
Threatening to end Cairo’s 1,046 year dominance as the country’s capital, earlier this month the government of Egypt announced their intentions to create a new, yet-to-be-named capital city just east of New Cairo. The promise of the more than 270 square mile ‘new New Cairo’ has attracted headlines from around the world with its sheer scale; a $45 billion development of housing, shopping and landmarks designed to attract tourism from day one, including a theme park larger than Disneyland. And of course, the plans include the promise of homes – for at least 5 million residents in fact, with the vast number of schools, hospitals and religious and community buildings that a modern city requires – making the new capital of Egypt the largest planned city in history.
The idea of building a new capital city has appealed to governments across history; a way to wipe the slate clean, stimulate the economy and lay out your vision of the world in stone, concrete and parkland. Even old Cairo was founded as a purpose built capital, although admittedly urban planning has changed a little since then. It continues to change today; see the full list of different ways to build a totally new city after the break.
Brazilian planner, preservationist and modernist thinker Lucio Costa (27 Feburary 1902 – 13 June 1998) is best known for his 1957 plan of Brasília that shaped the Brazilian capital into a monument to utopian modernism. A resolute and often controversial figure in the Brazilian establishment, Costa’s contributions to Brazilian architecture helped to shape the distinctive modernism that was practically Brazil’s official style until the 1980s.
Location: Campus de Planaltina – Universidade de Brasília – Planaltina, Brasília – Distrito Federal, Brasil
Authors: Alberto Alves de Faria, Fabiana Couto Garcia, Fátima Lauria Pires
Collaborators: Arquiteta Ana Carolina Caetano Alves, Arquiteta Karine Meneses Chagas de Carvalho
Project Area: 4795.0 m2
Project Year: 2011
Photographs: Joana França
Architects: Gustavo Penna
Location: Praça Central – Paranoá, Brasilia – Federal District, Brazil
Design Team: Alexandre Bragança, Augustin de Tugny, Fernando Arruda Guillen, Norberto Bambozzi
Trainees: Alessandra Valadares, Carolina Soares, Luiza Martini, Paulo Menicucci, Priscila Dias de Araújo, Roberta Vasconcellos
Total Area: 42.000m 2
Area: 7000.0 sqm
Photographs: Casa Digital
Brasilia National Stadium / Castro Mello Arquitetos with gmp architekten + schlaich bergermann und partner
Architects: Castro Mello Arquitetos, gmp architekten, schlaich bergermann und partner
Location: National Stadium of Brazil Mane Garrincha – Brasilia, Federal District, 70070-701, Brazil
Architect In Charge: Volkwin Marg and Hubert Nienhoff with Knut Göppert
Project Manager: Martin Glass
Project Manager Brazil: Robert Hormes
Director Of Gmp Do Brazil: Ralf Amann
Team Members: Ante Bagaric, Holger Betz, Rebecca Born- hauser, Carsten Borucki, Lena Brögger, Martina Maurer-Brusius, Kacarzyna Ciruk, Laura Cruz Lima da Silva, Stefanie Eichelmann, Ruthie Gould, Florian Illenberger, Jochen Köhn, Martin Krebes, Helge Lezius, Tobias Mäscher, Adel Motamedi, Burkhard Pick, Jutta Rentsch Serpa, Lucia Martinez Rodriguez, Maryna Samolyuk, Florian Schwarthoff, Sara Taberner Bonastre
Photographs: Marcus Bredt
Last week one of the greatest icons of Brazilian architecture, João Filgueiras Lima, also known as Lelé, passed away. Photographer Joana França has shared with us photographs depicting the architect’s extensive repertoire - from his most classic works to some lesser-known gems.
See them all, after the break…
Many architects enter the profession with hopes of creating something that outlives them, something that is bigger than themselves, that can advocate for a better world. Oscar Niemeyer was such an architect, one who fought for designs that would serve everyone. The master of Brazilian architecture passed away one year ago after complications from a previous kidney condition. In honor of what would have been his birthday today, we’ve rounded up a few of his masterpieces, from his elegant and curvy Niterói Contemporary Art Museum, his collaboration on the United Nations Headquarters in New York, the traditional spectacle space of his Sambadrome, the spiraling Niemeyer Center in Aviles, and the powerful parabolic expression in his Cathedral of Brasilia. Enjoy!