Architecture City Guide: Tel Aviv

Courtesy of Flickr CC License / wili_hybrid

This AD Architecture City Guide is dedicated to the vibrant city of Tel Aviv, originally established as a garden-city on the sandy shores of the Mediterranean in 1909. Although widely known as “The White City” for boasting the world’s largest collection of International Style Buildings, Tel Aviv is not merely a monochromatic Bauhaus colony: it presents a rich mosaic of locally interpreted styles, from Eclectic to Brutalist to contemporary, which are the result of foreign and locally-born architects who adapted to the local and climatic conditions.

Join us for our architectural city guide through the “Non-Stop City” after the break…

RI HOUSE / Paritzki Liani Architects

Courtesy of Paritzki Liani Architects

Architects: Paritzki Liani Architects
Location: ,
Area: 466 sqm
Year: 2011
Photographs: Courtesy of Paritzki Liani Architects

Housing in Jaffa / GalPeleg Architects

© Amit Geron

Architects: GalPeleg Architects
Location: Jaffa, , Israel
Architect In Charge: Orit Gariani-Rozental
Area: 740 sqm
Year: 2010
Photographs: Amit Geron, Courtesy of

AD Classics: Ramot Polin / Zvi Hecker

Images from the exhibition: The Object of Zionism, at the SAM (Swiss Architecture Museum, Basel, 2011). Curators: Zvi Efrat and Hubertus Adam

The Ramot Polin neighborhood is a project designed by the Polish-born Israeli architect , commissioned by the Israeli government in the euphoric aftermath of the Six Day War. The project, which resembles a beehive, is an avant-garde architectural experiment on morphology as well as construction. Since being constructed in the late 1970s, the structure has undergone extensive alteration by its tenants, provoking a debate regarding the capacity of expressive architecture to account for authentic human needs.

AD Classics: Mivtachim Sanitarium / Jacob Rechter

Images from the exhibition: The Object of Zionism, at the SAM (Swiss Architecture Museum, Basel, 2011). Curators: Zvi Efrat and Hubertus Adam

The Mivtachim sanitarium in Zichron Ya’akov is a brutalist masterpiece set on the forested slopes of Mount Carmel, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. The simple yet complex design of the serpentine-shaped modular structure makes it appear to be “crowning” the mountain.

The building was designed by the Israeli architect in 1968 and immediately gained world-wide recognition, appearing in numerous international magazines and earning Rechter the prestigious Award for architecture in 1973. Along with other brutalist icons, the Mivtachim Sanitarium was an idealistic, utopian structure, encapsulating the socialist ideas prevalent in 1960′s .

An Urban Villa / Pitsou Kedem Architects

© Amit Geron

Architects: Pitsou Kedem Architects
Location: ,
Design Team: Pitsou Kedem, Noa Groman
Area: 370 sqm
Year: 2012
Photographs: Amit Geron

Architactics Exhibition / SAYA

Courtesy of

Free and open to the public at the ZEZEZE Architecture Gallery in , the Architactics exhibition by SAYA Design for Change summarizes the approach of SAYA’s mission-based practice. Rather than diving into the details of their specific proposals, it illustrates the channels of influence this practice has defined for design in peace making. SAYA’s pioneering approach termed by its founders as “Resolution Planning” was developed a decade ago to reclaim the architectural responsibility in designing peace. Its goal is to redefine the role and responsibility of architects in conflict resolution, to re-include the city, the people and their joint future space back into the picture. The exhibition will continue to be on display until August 24. More architects’ description after the break.

AD Classics: Soreq Nuclear Research Center / Philip Johnson

and Gideon Ziv, Sorek Nuclear Research Center, Israel, 1956-9 (from: Zvi Efrat, The Israeli Project: Building and Architecture 1948-1973)

American architect and Prizker Prize winner Philip Johnson – who would have turned 107 today – is well known for his contributions to 20th century architecture, from the modernist Glass House in 1949 to his later infamous post modernist AT&T building in 1984. But did you know that Johnson designed a brutalistic nuclear plant in Israel? More on this monolithic structure after the break…

New Haifa Waterfront Plan / Amir Mann–Ami Shinar Architects and Planners

Courtesy of Amir Mann-Ami Shinar

Aiming to connect with the sea, the proposal for the New Waterfront Plan by Amir Mann-Ami Shinar Architects and Planners focuses on the making of large open public space along the water. Some new “warehouse-like” linear structures will be built, only two-story high, and all buildings, old and new, will maintain industrial character. Also, with the old cranes, the overhead grain-conveyers and other working port facilities will keep the unique port atmosphere. More images and architects’ description after the break.

The Noemi Givon House / Ori Glazer + Nili Gal Mester

© Yael Engelhart

Architects: ,
Location: Neve Tzedek, Israel
Year: 2012
Photographs: Yael Engelhart

In Progress: Porter School / Axelrod-Grobman Architects + NCArchitects + Geotectura

Porter School / Geotectura, , NCArchitects

Architects: Axelrod-Grobman Architects, NCArchitects, Geotectura
Location:
Area: 3700 sqm
Year: 2013
Photographs: Courtesy of Yossef Cohen and Gilad Adin, Architect Dr. Yasha (Jacob) Grobman and Architect Irit Axelrod from Axelrod-Grobman Architects; Architect Nili Chen and Architect Nir Chen from NCArchitects; and Architect Dr. Joseph (Yossi) Cory from GEOTECTURA, Roy Kroizman, BRAUDE-MAOZ Landscape Architects, Nitzan Hafner and Gilad Adin

SANAA Unveils Plans for New Downtown Arts & Design Campus in Jerusalem

©

Today, SANAA (Sejima & Nishizawa and Associates) unveiled plans for a 400,000 square-foot building in Jerusalem that will form a new, interdisciplinary downtown campus for the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design. The competition-winning proposal, designed by the 2010 Pritzker laureates in collaboration with Israel’s Nir -Kutz Architects, features an array of stacked horizontal slabs that react to the area’s topography and surrounding context in order to create a series of outdoor terraced viewing platforms and multi-level interior spaces where students and teachers can meet, study and display their work.

More on the new SANAA-design downtown campus after the break…

Rafi Segal to Appear in Court Over National Library of Israel

The proposal submitted by Segal, which included HyperBina’s contribution

UPDATE: Israeli architect Rafi Segal appears to have abandoned his case to be reinstated as designer of the National Library of . This decision comes after the client announced that it had signed a contract with Pritzker Prize-winning practice Herzog & de Meuron, who was initially chosen in April and triggered Segal’s demand to be reinstated. Now that the Swiss duo has officially signed onto the project, Segal has requested a withdrawal without prejudice. Before the hearing scheduled for September 12, 2013, Segal asked the court to withdraw the case. The court overruled his objections and granted HyperBina a compensation of fees and costs.

Official statement from the National Library Construction Company:

‘Rafi Segal, whose competition entry was disqualified for failure to meet the terms of the competition and who was therefore removed from being the “preferred architect”, is now trying to compel his selection through the courts. Notwithstanding his failure to meet the conditions of the competition by way of establishing his full and exclusive rights in and to the plan he submitted, and having conducted himself in ways that have resulted in his loss of credibility in the eyes of the client.

‘In December 2012, The District Court denied his request for an ex parte temporary injunction barring the selection of another architect for the project. The evening before the date of the hearing on the request for an injunction, Segal withdrew his petition – following submission of the Company’s reply. Segal also filed a lawsuit asking the Court to declare him the “Winning Architect”. The court denied Segal’s requests to expedite the process and set a preliminary hearing for May 2013.

‘In April, following a three months process, an international selection panel chaired by Prof. Luis Fernandez-Galiano, selected the 2011 Pritzker Prize winners Herzog & de Meuron to design the new Library building.

‘In the preliminary hearing on 8 May, Segal asked to add Herzog & de Meuron as a respondent in what seems to be an attempt not to lose legal grounds for his claim. Herzog & de Meuron have no involvement in the saga and have no obligation to defend their award.’

Just when it seemed that Herzog & de Meuron was the final choice for the design of the new National Library of Israel in Jerusalem, the initial competition winner, Israeli architect Rafi Segal, has launched a legal challenge against the project backers’ decision in hopes of being reinstated.

House in Talmei Elazar / Dan & Hila Israelevitz Architects

© Elad Sarig

Architects: Dan & Hila Israelevitz Architects
Location: Talmei Elazar ,
Architect In Charge: Dan & Hila Israelevitz Architects
Design Team: Dan Israelevitz, Hila Israelevitz, Debby Choen
Area: 400.0 sqm
Photographs: Elad Sarig

First Israeli Team to Compete in The Solar Decathlon

© Lior Avitan, Courtesy of Team

The Solar Decathlon, also called the “Olympics of Sustainable Architecture,” is a design competition that takes place biennially and challenges 20 collegiate teams to design, build, and operate solar-powered houses that are Net Zero Energy Buildings and are affordable, energy-efficient and attractive. The winner of the competition is the team that best blends cost-effectiveness, consumer appeal, and design excellence with optimal energy production and maximum efficiency.

Summer of 2013 will be the first year that a team from Israel will participate in this worldwide competition. Their hope was to develop and display a method of planning and design in which buildings could better respond to change, with the potential to be deconstructed, taken apart, modified and recycled. Values of environment, community, society and Israeli culture are all intertwined in a design that aims to raise awareness of these four elements and better incorporate them into Israeli architecture.

Read on for Team Israel’s Decathlon design.

Israel Museum / James Carpenter Design Associates + Efrat Kowalsky Architects

© Tim Hursley

Architects: James Carpenter Design Associates, Efrat Kowalsky Architects
Location: Jerusalem,
Production Architect: A. Lerman Architects Ltd
Area: 8820.0 sqm
Year: 2010
Photographs: Tim Hursley, Courtesy of James Carpenter Design Associates, Reid Freeman

Tel-Aviv White City Forum Winning Proposal / Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

Courtesy of Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

The Tel-Aviv White City Forum winning proposal by Kimmel Eshkolot Architects is an exhibition center, part of the huge Tel- Aviv wholesale market project currently under construction. Comprising thousands of apartment units, a mall, a school and a sports complex, the Forum will be a platform for genuine urban celebration. More images and architects’ description after the break.

Herzog & de Meuron to Design the National Library of Israel

Courtesy of Herzog & de Meuron

After carefully considering six international architecture firms – Ammar Curiel; Frank Gehry; Herzog & de Meuron; Kimmel Eshkolot, Kolker Kolker Epstein and Renzo Piano – an esteemed selection committee has chosen Herzog & de Meuron to design the new National Library of in . The result comes after a controversial first attempt that ended in the dismissal of the initial competition winner for alleged copyright infringement.

More information after the break…