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John Lewis Marshall

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What is the Future of the Gas Station?

For decades, the gas station has been a staple of both urban and rural landscapes. As the 20th century saw the democratization of automobiles, the gas station became arguably one of the most generic, universal architectural typologies. Today in the USA alone, there are 130,000 gas stations serving 268 million cars. However, as populations move to condensed, urban areas with ever-improving public transit systems, and as the internal combustion engine evolves into electric alternatives, it is time to either redesign or retire the gas station.

Hangzhou Inventronics Electric Vehicle Charging Station / GLA. Image © shiromio studio Fuel Station + McDonalds / Khmaladze Architects. Image © Giorgi Khmaladze Solar Car Port: Renewable Energy to Charge Your E-Car. Image © MDT-Tex First Prize: Nu Oil / Felix Yang and Thomas Noussis. Image Courtesy of Combo Competitions + 15

10 Boathouses That Take Architecture Over the Edge of Dry Land

Whether lining a river bustling with rowing crews or sitting calmly at the edge of a lake, boathouses have a storied history and an inexplicable romance to match their unusual program. Designed for use as a training facility for elite rowers, a vacationer’s waterfront playground, shoreline retreat, or even as a historical preservation project, boathouses captivate the imagination as they transcend the limits of the land-form relationship on their site.

Why Postmodernism's New-Found Popularity Is All About Looking Forward, Not Back

Postmodernism is back, it seems, and the architectural establishment has mixed feelings about it. This revival has been brewing for a while. In 2014, Metropolis Magazine created a “watchlist” of the best postmodernist buildings in New York that had been overlooked by the city’s Landmarks Preservation Commission, and were therefore at risk of being altered or destroyed. Last year, the listing of James Stirling’s One Poultry in the City of London kicked off a discussion about the value of Britain’s postmodernist buildings from the 1980s, as they reach an age when they are eligible for listing for preservation by Historic England. More recently Sean Griffiths, co-founder of the former architectural practice FAT, warned against a postmodernist revival, arguing that a style that thrived on irony could be dangerous in an era of Donald Trump, when satire seems to no longer be an effective political tool. The debate looks set to continue as, next year, London’s John Soane museum is planning an exhibition devoted to postmodernism.

Les Espaces d'Abraxas / Ricardo Bofill. Image © RBTA - Ricardo Bofill Taller de Arquitectura Residence and Poolhouse in Llewelyn Park / Robert A M Stern. Image © Norman McGrath Gate for a Maritime City / Massimo Scolari. Image © Massimo Scolari Housing De Piramides / Soeters Van Eldonk Architecten. Image © John Lewis Marshall + 12

Thoreau's Cabin / cc-studio

© John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall + 20

  • Architects: cc-studio

Gerrit Rietveld College / atelier PRO

© John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall + 16

Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • Architects: atelier PRO
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area: 9860.0
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2011

Cruz y Ortiz Completes Renovation of the Rijksmuseum's Philips Wing

Cruz y Ortis, who famously spent ten years redesigning and renovating Amsterdam's Rijksmuseum, have recently completed a comprehensive restoration of the adjacent Philips Wing. As an addition to the extensive exhibition spaces of the Dutch national museum, which was brought to completion in 2013, the Philips Wing will be dedicated to showcasing high-profile exhibitions from its own collection and on loan from international and national collections. Cruz y Ortiz's work has consisted of reorienting the entrance, accommodating diverse new functions and preparing the exhibition rooms for the temporary expositions starting next month. Several twentieth century interventions have been set back and corrected, whilst other areas have been appropriated for a new destination.

See drawings and photographs of the new wing, including a description from the architects, after the break.

The Philips Wing. Image © Rijksmuseum / Tilleman The Philips Wing. Image © Rijksmuseum / Tilleman The Philips Wing. Image © Rijksmuseum / Tilleman The Philips Wing. Image © Rijksmuseum / Tilleman + 17

Meander Medical Center / atelierpro

© John Lewis Marshall © Dirk Verwoerd © Dirk Verwoerd © John Lewis Marshall + 32

Amersfoort, The Netherlands
  • Architects: atelierpro ; Design: Hans van Beek with Mark Bruin, Jeroen Ekama, Paul Fouchier, Emile Jansen, Menno Roefs
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area: 112000.0
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2013

Rijksmuseum Revisited: The Dutch National Museum One Year On

The Rijksmuseum, which reopened last year after a decade of restoration and remodelling, is a museum dedicated to “the Dutchness of Dutchness.” Pierre Cuypers, the building's original architect, began designing this neogothic cathedral to Dutch art in 1876; it opened in 1885 and has stood guard over Amsterdam's Museumplein ever since.

Over the centuries, the building suffered a series of poorly executed 'improvements': intricately frescoed walls and ceilings were whitewashed; precious mosaics broken; decorative surfaces plastered over; and false, parasitic ceilings hung from the walls. Speaking in his office overlooking the Rijksmuseum’s monumental south west façade, Director of Collections Taco Dibbits noted how the most appalling damage was incurred during the mid-20th century: “everything had been done to hide the original building […but] Cruz y Ortiz [who won the competition to redesign the Rijks in 2003] embraced the existing architecture by going back to the original volumes of the spaces as much as possible.”

For Seville-based Cruz y Ortiz, choosing what to retain and what to restore, what to remodel and what to ignore were, at times, difficult to balance. Cruz y Ortiz found their answer in the mantra: 'Continue with Cuypers'. They threw the original elements of the building into relief but did not act as aesthetes for the 'ruin'. In contrast to David Chipperfield and Julian Harrap's restoration of Berlin's Neues Museum, for instance, Cruz y Ortiz rigorously implemented a clean visual approach that favoured clarity over confusion. What is original, what is restored, and what is new mingle together in a melting pot of solid, understated architectural elements. Sometimes this approach contradicted Cuyper's original intentions; however, more often than not it complements them in a contemporary way.

Courtesy of Rijksmuseum. Image © John Lewis Marshall Courtesy of Rijksmuseum / Great Hall. Image © Jannes Linders Courtesy of Rijksmuseum / Gallery of Honour. Image © Iwan Baan Courtesy of Rijksmuseum / Cuyper's Library Restored. Image © Iwan Baan + 39

Lutkemeerweg / MAS architectuur

©  John Lewis Marshall ©  John Lewis Marshall ©  John Lewis Marshall ©  John Lewis Marshall + 16

Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Architects: MAS architectuur

Het Bosch / JagerJanssen architecten + Dreissen Architecten

© John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall + 17

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Puur Pavilion / emma Architecten

© John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John van Helvert © John van Helvert + 47

Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Architects: emma Architecten
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2012

Sustainable Gas Station Avia Marees / Knevel Architecten

© John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall + 14

Den Oever, The Netherlands
  • Architects: Knevel Architecten
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area: 4.0
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2012

Garden studio in Amsterdam Watergraafsmeer / CC-Studio

© John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall + 25

  • Architects: CC-Studio
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2012

Dutch Mountain / denieuwegeneratie

© John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall Dutch Mountain / denieuwegeneratie + 17

Huizen, The Netherlands

Gingko Project / Casanova + Hernandez Architects

© Christian Richters © Christian Richters © Christian Richters © John Lewis Marshall + 20

Beekbergen, The Netherlands

Fabric Façade Studio House / Studio TX + Rob Veening + cc-studio

© John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall © John Lewis Marshall + 27

Almere, The Netherlands
  • Architects: CC-Studio, Studio TX and Rob Veening
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area: 190.0

de Albatros / HVDN

© John Lewis Marshall © Luuk Kramer © John Lewis Marshall © Luuk Kramer + 17

Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Architects: HVDN
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2006

Het Kasteel / HVDN

© John Lewis Marshall © Jean-Pierre Jans © Luuk Kramer © Luuk Kramer + 33

  • Architects: HVDN
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: 2008