Heathcote Examines The Architecture Of Scottish Independence

Enric Miralles

Scotland have voted against independence.

Arguably there are only two architects in history that have become almost completely synonymous with one particular city – Charles Rennie Mackintosh for Glasgow and Antoní Gaudi for Barcelona. Indeed, a Catalonian architect, Enric Miralles, designed the Scottish Parliament Building in Holyrood, . The fact that both of these cities are part of large enclaves who are seeking, or have sought, independence is perhaps just a coincidence. Architecture, often used as a symbol for the identity of nationhood, will certainly be part of a wider dialogue about the Union of the United Kingdom following yesterday’s referendum.

Material Inspiration: 10 Projects Inspired by Concrete

To celebrate the launch of ArchDaily Materials, our new product catalog, we’ve rounded up 10 awesome projects from around the world that were inspired by one material: . Check out the projects after the break…

AD Classics: Igualada Cemetery / Enric Miralles + Carme Pinos, photos by David Cabrera

© David Cabrera

Completed in 1994, the Igualada Cemetery was designed by Enric Miralles and Carme Pinos to be a place of reflection and memories. After 10 years of construction, their envision of a new type of cemetery was completed and began to consider those that were laid to rest, as well as the families that still remained.

The Igualada Cemetery is understood by the architects to be a “city of the dead” where the dead and the living are brought closer together in spirit.  As much as the project is a place for those to be laid to rest, it is a place for those to come and reflect in the solitude and serenity of the Catalonian landscape of Barcelona, . More on the project after the break.

Ceramica Cumella: Shaping Ideas

Aichi Expo, Japan © Ceramica Cumella

From September 29th to December 8th, the exhibition dedicated to the work of Toni Cumella will be open. His works in ceramic have been utilised by architects such as Enric Miralles, Alejandro Zaera-Polo, or Jean Nouvel. These collaborations made his material became part of the image of Barcelona, being part of the construction of La Sagrada Familia, and the restoration of Casa Batlló and Parc Güell.

Focusing on the 4 main fabrication processes in use at Ceramica Cumella – extruding, casting, pressing and revolving – Shaping Ideas presents the work of Toni Cumella and the application of his ceramics in some of contemporary architecture’s most significant projects.

Enric Miralles Foundation Exhibition

Courtesy of Foundation

The Enric Miralles Foundation opened up a double exhibition in this past week, with the participation of Mr. Rafael Moneo and Mr. Oriol Bohigas, honorable members of the Foundation and Mr. Mohsen Mostafavi currently the the Dean of the Harvard Graduate School of Design. ‘Rediscovering Glories’ shows the students work of Benedetta Tagliabue about the contemporary urban problematic design of Plaza de les Glories ( ), at the Department of Architecture and Urban Planning and Design at the Dunlop Chair Harvard, and ‘Miralles at Harvard 1993’ recreates the exhibition made by Enric Miralles at Harvard on 1993 showing some of his early projects. For more information, please visit here.

AD Classics: Scottish Parliament Building / Enric Miralles

Skylights of the Garden Lobby. Image © Scottish Parliamentary Corporate Body - 2012

Ten years after its completion, the reputation of the Scottish Parliament Building is finally being redefined. Among architects and the academic elite, it has long been heralded as a masterpiece of abstract modernism and perhaps the finest work of Enric Miralles‘ all-too-short career. For the general public, however, it was initially known mainly in infamy for being overdue, over budget, and for having its commission awarded to a non-Scottish architect. Only now is it beginning to receive the public acceptance it deserves, as the genius of the architecture emerges from the shadow cast by its mired construction process. 

AD Classics: Igualada Cemetery / Enric Miralles & Carme Pinos

© Andrew Kroll

As part of a competition to replace an older cemetery, Enric Miralles and Carme Pinos envisioned a new type of cemetery that began to consider those that were laid to rest, as well as the families that still remained.  After 10 years of construction, the Igualada Cemetery, outside of , Catalonia, , was completed in 1994 as a place of reflection and memories.

The Igualada Cemetery is a project that challenges the traditional notions of what makes a cemetery.  Miralles and Pinos conceptualized the poetic ideas of a cemetery for the visitors to begin to understand and accept the cycle of life as a link between the past, present, and future.  It’s understood by the architects to be a “city of the dead” where the dead and the living are brought closer together in spirit.  As much as the Igualada Cemetery is a place for those to be laid to rest, it is a place for those to come and reflect in the solitude and serenity of the Catalonian landscape.

More on the Igualada Cemetery after the break.