AD Classics: Casa Batlló / Antoni Gaudí


The inspiring imagination of undoubtedly reveals itself in one of his most poetic and artistic designs for a building, . His synthesis of animal shapes, vine-like curves, hints of bone and skeleton, and his use of lustrous colored bits of glazed ceramic and glass create a masterpiece that will forever astonish its observers.

More on Casa Batlló after the break.


His style encompasses all that defines the Art Nouveau, a School of French decorative artists from the 1890s who took influence from sinuous shapes in plants and nature. He explored his interests in flowing shapes, patterns and colors in the Casa Batlló, which was designed for the wealthy cotton baron Josep Batlló as a jolting contradiction to the rigid forms that surround it.

The front facade reveals striking textures, colors, and imagery that work together to conjure thoughts of fairytales and phantasmal dreams. The larger sculptural pieces that create the boundaries of the balconies and that frame the entrance resemble bones, suggesting a septum, eyebrows or clavicles, which keep to the anthropomorphic tone. As eyes wander up to the top of Casa Batlló, they are greeted by the dominating reptillian surface of the roof.


The dramatic humpback mound “is clad on one side by armour plating resembling an armadillo’s, while on the other side it is covered with trancedis fragments producing a subtle white-into-orange sheen. The spine is dotted with bulbous green and blue vertebrae, suggesting that these might be organisms in themselves, while the flowing lines where roof meets facade are edged with other armatures of saurian bone and joint.”

©John Gill

The creaturesque resemblance is made strikingly apparent at night, when the facade glows and haunts with it’s bone-like skeletal structures and dramatic shadows. Antoni Gaudí worked closely with a textile manufacturer named Josep Maria Jujol who assisted primarily in the ornamentation and use of color on the surface treatments.


As can always be anticipated in the works of Gaudí, there is a recurring religious imagery which is achieved almost subliminally. There are embedded and semi-concealed religious images and texts planted in the upper levels of the building, as well as in the small details around the facade. The very tip of the tower sits one of Gaudí’s signature pieces, a four-pointed transverse cross. Gill suggests that the goal was to point out that “religion can embrace humour, fantasy and the absurd.” It can also be interpreted as a message to God that he was building in His name, instead of for fame or glorification of wealth.


Gaudí’s state of the art use of central heating, uncommon in the time and place of Barcelona, made air vents and chimneys necessary. He took this as yet another place to expand his talents and imaginations, adding to the fairytale structure and appearance of Casa Batlló. One of the most intriguing aspects of these chimneys are their 45-degree angle departure from the roof before they become vertical.

©Ignasi de Solá-Morales

As an artist and believer in an all-encompassing design, it is unsurprising that the intensity of detail and materiality is not left to the exterior alone. The interior is perhaps even more detailed and designed, a continuation of the sinuous flowing walls and edges as well as color manipulation and incredible varying of the scale.

©Ignasi de Solá-Morales

The interior is just as alive as it appears from the street; the knobbly spine lines the staircase through flowing wall forms of scale-like surfaces.  The winding and twisting exhibited in the decorative features of doors, frames, peepholes, moldings and screens are all interpretations of the natural forms that inspired Gaudí’s art nouveau style.

©Ignasi de Solá-Morales

As said by Antoni Gaudí himself, “Those who look for the Laws of Nature as a support for their new works collaborate with the creator.”

Architect: Antoni Gaudí
Location: Barcelona, Spain
Project Years: 1904-1906
Photographs: WikipediaJohn GillIgnasia de Sola-Morales
References: Casa Batlló, John Gill, Ignasia de Sola-Morales

Cite: Sveiven, Megan. "AD Classics: Casa Batlló / Antoni Gaudí" 22 Nov 2010. ArchDaily. Accessed 19 Sep 2014. <>


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    His are amongst the most beautiful buildings in the world in my opinion. Imagineering beauty and nature and a bit of sexy sensuality for good measure. ‘The rest’ called him a nutter. We think he is a master genius. ‘Gaudium’ – in fact.

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      Gaúdi goes against the mainstream at the time and creates its own style – a different kind of Gothic.
      To understand Gaudi look for the “metaphore of the tree” which is one of the features of the Gothic Architecture, coming form middle age somewhere between France and Germany.

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    Many things had been said about this house.
    His works (buildings) tells us stories and this one is about the battle of Saint Jordi (St. George) against the Dragon; the roof symbolizes its back and the chimneys symbolize the speers trespassing the Dragon.
    There is no straight lines and the shapes are organic – the house and the way it was organized, though functional, symbolize the inners of the Dragon, given by the leather used on doors and walls, along with “trecandis”, which are tiles broken in tiny pieces where you can find also in La Pedrera and in Parque Guell.
    The rythm of the facade is really interesting if you start looking from bottom to the top you’ll see it change to a more geometrical form.

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    This is one of the most inspiring house I have ever been. It’s surreal and almost hauting at the same time. Feels like being in the movie set for Casper The Friendly Ghost!

    Must visit!

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    Hi Mika!
    I received a comment of yours in my mail box about Gaúdi.
    I don’t have a webpage, therefore I don’t know if your email is for me, but I know a lot about Gaúdi and its concept.
    Feel free to ask me about the subject – I’ll be glad to help you understand it.
    Merry Christmas

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