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Thomas Lewandovski

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Spotlight: Walter Gropius

06:30 - 18 May, 2018
Bauhaus, 1925. Image ©  Thomas Lewandovski
Bauhaus, 1925. Image © Thomas Lewandovski

One of the most highly regarded architects of the 20th century, Walter Gropius (18 May 1883 – 5 July 1969) was one of the founding fathers of Modernism, and the founder of the Bauhaus, the German "School of Building" that embraced elements of art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography in its design, development and production.

Invisible Cities and the Curtain Wall: The Last Remnant of Modernism

00:00 - 27 October, 2014
Invisible Cities and the Curtain Wall: The Last Remnant of Modernism, The National September 11 Memorial entry pavilion appears camouflaged against the backdrop of neighbouring glass curtain walls. Image © Joe Woolhead
The National September 11 Memorial entry pavilion appears camouflaged against the backdrop of neighbouring glass curtain walls. Image © Joe Woolhead

Few of the architectural principles developed in the 20th century have been as widely accepted as the curtain wall, with the technology going from an implied feature of Le Corbusier's Five Points of Architecture to the go-to facade treatment of architects worldwide. In this article, originally published on Australian Design Review as "Invisible Cities - The Last Remnant of Modernism," Annabel Koeck argues that the curtain wall, initially prized for its glassy transparency, is now making buildings and even entire cities invisible thanks to its sheer ubiquity - at the expense of architectural expression.

Norwegian architects Snøhetta, based between Oslo and New York, designed the glass structure for the The National September 11 Memorial entry pavilion, which appears camouflaged against the backdrop of neighbouring glass curtain walls that define the New York skyline. Admittedly, Snøhetta’s pavilion was conceived by a very different brief, one defined by timidity and subtlety; yet paradoxically it was the curtain wall that facilitated this. Looking over the South Pool towards an array of glazed elevations that dominate the skyline it is ironic that a Modernist technique – the curtain wall – could now spell the end for architectural diversity in cities.

Unified Architectural Theory: Chapter 5

00:00 - 8 June, 2014
Unified Architectural Theory: Chapter 5, Dessau Bauhaus / Walter Gropius. "We read with alarm about Bauhaus images and practices introduced into the architectural education of developing countries. The press announces these as “progressive” moves, little realizing what danger that poses to that country’s tradition". Image © Thomas Lewandovski
Dessau Bauhaus / Walter Gropius. "We read with alarm about Bauhaus images and practices introduced into the architectural education of developing countries. The press announces these as “progressive” moves, little realizing what danger that poses to that country’s tradition". Image © Thomas Lewandovski

We will be publishing Nikos Salingaros’ book, Unified Architectural Theory, in a series of installments, making it digitally, freely available for students and architects around the world. The following chapter discusses our society’s phobia against natural, local forms - our “ecophobia” - and the need for the architecture discipline to counter this fear by adopting a more scientifically-rigorous, intellectual structure. If you missed them, make sure to read the previous installments here.

The 21st century has begun with a continuation, and perhaps intensification, of the worst prejudices seen in the twentieth. Those prejudices include a disdain of traditional cultures, and all that links a human being to his/her local history. 

Similarly, most building and planning today follow unwritten rules that have no empirical foundation, being based strictly upon visual/ideological constructs from the early twentieth century. Contemporary design avoids any criterion of quality that draws upon evolved precedent and tradition from a prior era, and thinks that this refusal is a great virtue. In this way, architects and urbanists end up obeying simplistic criteria for design, rejecting any sense of beauty that links human beings with their land, tradition, and culture. 

The term “ecophobia” refers to an unreasonable but deeply conditioned reaction against natural forms. It has also been used in clinical psychology to denote a phobia against one’s dwelling, but that specific use now appears to be antiquated. However, we believe that these two terms “ecophobia” and “oikophobia” may in many cases be used interchangeably. (Linguistically, the common Greek root for “house” can be written either as ecos or oikos). 

An All-Nighter at the Bauhaus

00:00 - 11 January, 2014
An All-Nighter at the Bauhaus, The Residential block at the Bauhaus is now open for visitors. Image © Thomas Lewandovski
The Residential block at the Bauhaus is now open for visitors. Image © Thomas Lewandovski

Recently, the Bauhaus Foundation has opened the residential block of the famous building, offering tourists the chance to spend a night. Seizing the opportunity, Olly Wainwright reports on what it feels like to stay - finding it to be a "primordial soup of originals and copies, and copied originals", from Albers to Ikea, and coming to the conclusion that it may now be missing the party atmosphere it was once famous for. But at only €35 a night, he hopes the chance to stay will "attract crowds of architecture and design students, to reinfect the pristine white shell with the spirited energy it needs." You can read the full article here.

Bed, Breakfast & Bauhaus

00:00 - 20 October, 2013
Bed, Breakfast & Bauhaus, © Thomas Lewandovski
© Thomas Lewandovski

For architects, it’s a dream come true: the studio building at the Bauhaus is now open to visitors (and pilgrims) looking to spend a night in the famous building. This new development will undoubtedly solidify the school’s place on the modern “Grand Tour” list, but is also meant to foster a creative and lively atmosphere that hasn’t been seen there for almost a century. Learn more here.

E.On Avacon / Bof Architekten

01:00 - 26 July, 2013
© Hagen Stier
© Hagen Stier
  • Architects

  • Location

    Joachim-Campe-Straße 13, 38226 Salzgitter, Germany
  • Category

  • Design Team

    Lutz Schneider, Frank Keikut, Leonie Willnauer, Katrin Becker Timo Eisele, Tim Kalka, Romain Taunais, Judith Overberg
  • Area

    8436.0 sqm
  • Project Year

    2012
  • Photographs

© Hagen Stier © Hagen Stier ©  Thomas Lewandovski © Hagen Stier + 26

Fraunhofer-Institut TZA / JSWD Architekten

00:00 - 25 January, 2013
Fraunhofer-Institut TZA / JSWD Architekten, © Felix Krumbholz
© Felix Krumbholz

©  Thomas Lewandovski ©  Thomas Lewandovski © Felix Krumbholz © Felix Krumbholz + 13

AD Classics: Unité d’Habition, Berlin / Le Corbusier

00:00 - 16 November, 2010
AD Classics: Unité d’Habition, Berlin / Le Corbusier, ©  Thomas Lewandovski
© Thomas Lewandovski

©  Thomas Lewandovski ©  Thomas Lewandovski ©  Thomas Lewandovski ©  Thomas Lewandovski + 10

AD Classics: Dessau Bauhaus / Walter Gropius

00:00 - 10 November, 2010
AD Classics: Dessau Bauhaus / Walter Gropius, ©  Thomas Lewandovski
© Thomas Lewandovski

©  Thomas Lewandovski ©  Thomas Lewandovski ©  Thomas Lewandovski ©  Thomas Lewandovski + 29