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St George Orthodox Church / Wallmakers

St George Orthodox Church / Wallmakers

© Jino Sam© Jino Sam© Jino Sam© Jino Sam+ 15

Kochi, India
  • Architects: Wallmakers
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area:  221
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year:  2016
  • Photographs Photographs:  Jino Sam
  • Architects:Wallmakers, Vinu Daniel , Fawaz Thengilan, Ashand Raju, Melvin Davis, Shobitha Jacob, Archana M., Bibu Behanan, Jincy Rajan, Mohammed Rauf
  • City:Kochi
  • Country:India
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© Jino Sam
© Jino Sam

Text description provided by the architects. Built on the foundation of a historic monument, this church resurrects the original church which is the first church of the Christians in Kerala, built in 1615 AD and was left in shambles after years of neglect and encroachment. Designed using stabilized earth blocks to form Nubian arches, the alter and the aisles of the church are supported by flying buttresses that were built without shuttering. Being a religious building for a small community, the church would have demanded substantial negotiation from the architect and a trusting client to realize this dream. . The exploratory spirit combined with pressing demands is from where the design is born; which is further evolved through a series of dialogues between the site, the masons, the architect and the clients.

© Jino Sam
© Jino Sam
Plan
Plan
© Jino Sam
© Jino Sam

The architecture of the church builds on the imagery of historic monuments but the transparent use of the material in its potential forms gives this building its fascinating edifice. The domes, vaults and arches envelop a sublime central space with light filtering through the cross (an inspiration from Tadao Ando) framing the sanctuary. The masons were trained to create these structures using a chain-study method first formulated by Antoni Gaudi in forms that were mastered by Hassan Fathy. Nonetheless, with all its influences the church borrows, the result is an original work of contemporary architecture that exploits the unique opportunity to build for a challenging programme. By re-interpreting a historic construction technique and responding to the footprint of the structure on the site, the attempt is to create a building made with earth that inspires awe and a sense Of wonderment with its rich spatial quality.

© Jino Sam
© Jino Sam

With increasing demand over resources, it is the responsibility of architects to use materials with very less embodied energy. Mud as a material can be expressed in its true form through various methods like earth blocks, rammed earth, wattle and daub and many more. The exploratory spirit combined with pressing demands is where our designs are born; which are evolved through a series of dialogues between the masons, architects, clients and an immediate understanding of the site and the surrounding.

© Jino Sam
© Jino Sam
Section
Section

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES:

1. CSEB:

- CSEB  consume 4 times less energy than country fired bricks:

( CSEB produced on site with 5 % cement = 1,112.36 MJ/m3 ,whereas that of Country fired bricks = 4,501.25 MJ/m3)

- CSEB pollutes 4 times less than country fired bricks:

( CSEB produced on site with 5 % cement = 110.11 Kg of CO2 /m3, whereas that of Country fired bricks = 444.12 Kg of CO2 /m3 )

© Jino Sam
© Jino Sam

2. NUBIAN TECHNIQUE:

An age-old construction technique involving masonry with earth blocks and mud mortar without shuttering to create a wide range of arches , domes and vaults. The was reintroduced to 20th century by the Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy.The basis of this technique is that the blocks adhere to each other with earth glue. The principle is that the dry block suck by capillarity the water along with the clay of the glue which will bind the blocks. It is essential that the blocks are very thin, so as to have a high ratio “sticking area/weight”. (Ref : http://www.earth-auroville.com/avd_construction_en.php )

Concept Sketch
Concept Sketch

3. CATENARY METHOD FOR STABILIZATION :

Chain study method helps to stabilize the right shape of the arch before the execution begins. Antonio Gaudi, the Spanish architect of the early 20th century, developed and used extensively this method which aims to define the shape assumed by a freely suspended chain.The catenary method gives the exact and ideal curve of the line of thrust, which represents the line of compressive stress in the arch.

© Jino Sam
© Jino Sam

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Project location

Address:Mattancherry, Kochi, Kerala, India

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Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
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Cite: "St George Orthodox Church / Wallmakers" 07 Apr 2021. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/959657/st-george-orthodox-church-wallmakers> ISSN 0719-8884

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