City of Kiruna To Move Two Miles Over This June

The new city center with the salvaged bell tower. Image Courtesy of White Arkitekter

Officials announced this week that, starting in June, the city of Kiruna, Sweden will begin to migrate. Founded in 1900, the town is the product of Sweden’s largest state-owned mining company, LKAB. The company extracts from the nearby Kirunavaara mountainside, and now the expansion of the mines threatens to destabilize the ground beneath 3,000 homes as well as many of the town’s municipal buildings.

The 100-year master plan put forth by White Arkitekter, in collaboration with Ghilardi + Hellsten Arkitetker, calls for the city to expand two miles eastward along a linear axis. This new plan will rebuild the town on solid ground, retain its historical and cultural presence, and slowly wean it off its dependency on the mining industry by opening the community up to new businesses.

AD Classics: The Crystal Palace / Joseph Paxton

The Crystal Palace, 1851. © wikiarquitectura.com

The Crystal Palace was a glass and cast structure built in London, England, for the Great Exhibition of 1851. The building was designed by Sir , an architect and gardener, and revealed breakthroughs in architecture, construction and design. More on the Crystal Palace after the break…

AD Classics: Eiffel Tower / Gustave Eiffel

© Flickr - User: Anirudh Koul

The Exposition Universelle of 1889, also known as the World’s Fair, was held in Paris celebrating 100 years since the start of French Revolution. Paris used this celebration to reconstruct parts of the city surrounding the Bastille. There were attractions, exhibits, 28,000,000 visitors, and most unforgettable of all, the 1063-foot breathtaking iron structure so famously known as the Eiffel Tower. ’s vision as the engineer and designer was to astonish crowds with the tallest building in , which at the time was built as the entrance to the World’s Fair. He succeeded. Not only was the Eiffel Tower the tallest building in the world until 1930 upon the completion of the Chrysler Building in New York, but it is still themost-vistited paid monument in the world.

More on the Eiffel Tower after the break.