Architects: ŠA atelier
- Area : 215 m²
- Year : 2021
Photographs :Norbert Tukaj
Manufacturers : Betonika
- City : Vilnius
- Country : Lithuania
Text description provided by the architects. The house stands in one of the settlements of individual houses in Vilnius city. The street and neighboring buildings are under development. Several plots already have houses, but most are still waiting for individual construction with an unpredictable architectural result. Such a forecast for the future resulted in a restrained and laconic character of the house that could easily cope with the various solutions of the neighboring buildings.
The plot of the house has a characteristic terrain descent, however, it was important for the owner that the house should not have any stairs or other height cuts. As a result, the volume of the house is compact and fits in the flat part of the plot, thus minimizing changes to the existing terrain.
The house occupies an area of 18 by 18 meters. The square-shaped roof and perimeter walls envelop not only the warm rooms, but also the outdoor terrace, cars, and entrance area. Outdoor spaces become an integral part of house architecture.
The walls of the house are made of three-layer prefabricated reinforced concrete elements made in the factory and brought to be assembled on site. We designed the house according to the transport capacity of the size of the walls. We have designed the concrete elements to emphasize the principle of assembling the house, so the corner walls are connected with lap joints.
The prefabricated reinforced concrete solution significantly shortens the construction time and does not require additional facade finishing. However, this type of construction requires a lot of interior and engineering communications decisions during the early design stage. This principle of work seems right to us because we see the exterior and interior of the building as a single piece.
Inside the house, as well as on the outside, there are certain structural rules that are reflected in the interior appearance. Therefore, structural concrete walls are open concrete or putty, but with visible joints. Meanwhile, all other frame-based non-load-bearing partitions are covered with plywood panels. In this way, being inside makes it possible to understand what space is made of and at the same time enjoy its materials.