Building Complex Elements in Concrete with 3D Printed Foam Formworks

Building Complex Elements in Concrete with 3D Printed Foam Formworks

With the aim of generating a significant impact on the responsible and sustainable consumption of resources and energy in the construction industry, ETH Zürich in collaboration with FenX AG is using foam 3D printing (F3DP) to manufacture geometrically complex formwork for the construction of special elements in concrete.

These foam forms can be used as permanent applications or can be removed and recycled to print new forms, avoiding the usual waste associated with such complex shapes. "The resulting mineral composite elements can save up to 70% concrete, are lighter, and have improved insulation properties."

Building Complex Elements in Concrete with 3D Printed Foam Formworks - Image 8 of 8
Courtesy of Patrick Bedarf | dbt
Building Complex Elements in Concrete with 3D Printed Foam Formworks - Image 2 of 8
Courtesy of Patrick Bedarf | dbt

To test its performance, the team created a prototype with the generic geometry of a 2 x 1.3 m ribbed slab with point supports at each corner: "The rib design follows the isostatic lines derived from the main stress pattern. The resulting geometry requires 24 formwork elements in 12 unique shapes. "

Building Complex Elements in Concrete with 3D Printed Foam Formworks - Image 5 of 8
Courtesy of Patrick Bedarf | dbt
Building Complex Elements in Concrete with 3D Printed Foam Formworks - Image 6 of 8
Courtesy of Patrick Bedarf | dbt

As its creators explain, "All foam elements are manufactured with a robotic foam 3D printing configuration (F3DP). They are manually placed inside a conventional wood perimeter formwork before casting the ultra-high performance fiber reinforced concrete (UHPFRC). After curing, the wooden formwork is removed from the prototype and the structural building element is completed. "

Read more about this innovation here.

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Cite: José Tomás Franco. "Building Complex Elements in Concrete with 3D Printed Foam Formworks" 06 Jan 2022. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/973893/generating-complex-elements-in-concrete-with-3d-printed-foam-formwork> ISSN 0719-8884

Courtesy of Patrick Bedarf | dbt

3D泡沫打印技术,制造复杂建筑原件

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