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No.1 Middle School of Xi'an Space City / XAUAT

No.1 Middle School of Xi'an Space City / XAUAT

Bird view. Image © Xiaoming ZhangPlay field. Image © Xiaoming ZhangArchitecture detail. Image © Xiaoming ZhangAtrium. Image © Xiaoming Zhang+ 27

Xian, China
  • Architects: XAUAT
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area:  76000
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year:  2017
  • Photographs Photographs:  Xiaoming Zhang
  • Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project
    Manufacturers: CSG HOLDING, Hempel Coatings, JOSME, Qingdao Creek, Zhejiang Jinxiang Board
  • Lead Architects: Bo Gao
  • Design Team:Bo Gao, Zhimin li, Yueyan Li, Wei Wang, Furong Wang, Mengjiao Yang, Wei Zhao, Yi Sun, Huihui Han
  • Clients:Xi'an Aerospace City First Middle School
  • Engineering:Youliang Shi
  • Collaborators:Shaanxi Hongji Construction Reconnaissance Design Engineering Co.,Ltd.)
  • Construction:Shaanxi Construction Engineering No.2 Construction Group Co.,Ltd.
  • City:Xian
  • Country:China
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Main teaching building bird view. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Main teaching building bird view. Image © Xiaoming Zhang

Text description provided by the architects. Faced with the shortage of land and the serious shortage of space environment of school buildings, it is imperative to explore the mode of space intensification in urban super-large-scale schools.How to combine the campus plane function space intensively, reset it with the three-dimensional space, efficiently and land saving, meet the functional layout and standardization configuration, and create sufficient space to make the campus activities multi-purpose,suitable for the transformation of the teaching mode of open-ended teaching and non-graded instruction is a question worthy of consideration by designers.

Bird view. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Bird view. Image © Xiaoming Zhang

Situation
The No. 1 Middle School of Xi'an Aerospace City is located in the new area of Xi'an Aerospace City. It is a nine-year public school with an area of about 53067.00m²and a total building area of about 45802.91m². The design needs to meet the teaching and functional needs of 66 classes and about 3000 students.The base is bordered by urban green space in the north, the main road of Hang Tuo road in the south, planning road in the East and the first primary school in the space city, and reserved residential land in the west.

Play field. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Play field. Image © Xiaoming Zhang

Main teaching building appearance. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Main teaching building appearance. Image © Xiaoming Zhang

Concept
Enclosure and Harmony
Designed with the concept of “enclosure” and “harmony”, the design draws on the wisdom of traditional Chinese architecture and the pursuit of harmonious aesthetic ideals.With a simple shape, a unified volume creates a sense of harmony.The centralization and orientation ideology pursued by the design through the concrete form carrier - the combination of square and square, produces a multi-level interactive public space, and a shared teaching space, thus reflecting the thought of “When the neutralization is reached, the heavens and the earth will each return to their place, and everything will grow and develop.”The main building of the teaching design adopts the combined space elements such as the foyer, the lobby and the courtyard, and is organized from the outside to the inside and from the center to the group.In terms of space, the central hall is oriented from the spatial scale, openness and circulation, and to the direction of the roof skylight. From the bottom to the top, the central landscape of “One Grass, One Thousand Autumns, One Flower and One World”, the centralized reading area of books, the roof garden and other shared spaces are distributed in order, highlighting its geometric center position and centripetal role.The four teaching groups connect the ordinary classrooms, the daily management rooms, and the rich and varied multi-purpose space organization in the north through four atrium spaces to create a venue for diverse learning, activities, and communication.

Outdoor playground. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Outdoor playground. Image © Xiaoming Zhang

Outdoor courtyard. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Outdoor courtyard. Image © Xiaoming Zhang

Strategy
[Intensive mode]
The project base is 53067.00m², and it is necessary to set up a standard 400m playground, 66 standard classes, laboratory building, book reading, administrative office, 1000-person restaurant, 600-person lecture hall, indoor standard basketball hall and other supporting rooms. The contradiction between land use and multi-functional requirements can be seen.The design starts from the place and strives to gather the meanings of the intensive situation through the integration of the space through the spatial relationship, function, structure and other surface analysis:The teaching main building which is conclude central Hall, general classroom, book reading, event exchange, administrative office, distance education classroom,and the complex building which is conclude teachers and students' restaurants, laboratories, lecture halls, basketball halls, art rooms and playground stands

Part of complex building. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Part of complex building. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Architecture detail. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Architecture detail. Image © Xiaoming Zhang

[Hall, lobby, courtyard interactive space]
Kenneth Frampton believes that building not only meets the rationalization needs of production and functional consumption, but creates a sense of “place” that counters the dominant, modeled universal architectural order by emphasizing certain special factors associated with the site.This project emphasizes the use of “place-based” to combat the pattern of universal building order, and through the space elements such as the foyer, lobby, courtyard, and overhead floor, to create a diverse, open, and fluid public communication space within a limited building. Create a school where students don't feel lonely and unfamiliar.By merging with the place, by gathering the various meanings of the particular place, the building is also able to transcend material and functional needs.

Atrium. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Atrium. Image © Xiaoming Zhang

Multiple function sapce. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Multiple function sapce. Image © Xiaoming Zhang

[External traffic]
As a typical problem in the urban transportation system, primary and secondary schools are very prominent. In addition, the east side of the project is adjacent to the first primary school of Xi'an Aerospace City, and the traffic pressure on the south main road during school hours is particularly prominent.In addition to organizing student transfers through the underground parking lot, the project retreats the building control line 60 meters on the south side, designing the campus entrance as a time-opening and closing space to ease the pressure on the city roads, and as a student activity space in other periods.

Main teaching building appearance lobby space. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Main teaching building appearance lobby space. Image © Xiaoming Zhang

Summary
The function of the architectural language is to unfold a "place" where similar things come together and the material exerts its performance.This project focuses on solving the contradiction between land use and function.Focusing on the open-ended teaching and non-graded instruction concept, we adopt an intensive and interactive spatial design strategy to create a diverse, open and fluid public communication space in a limited space.It is a useful exploration of the intensive mode of urban ultra-large school space.

Complex building appearance. Image © Xiaoming Zhang
Complex building appearance. Image © Xiaoming Zhang

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Project location

Address:First Middle School, Aerospace City, Hangtuo Road, Chang'an District, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

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Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
Cite: "No.1 Middle School of Xi'an Space City / XAUAT" 10 Oct 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/926053/n-middle-school-of-xian-space-city-xauat> ISSN 0719-8884
Part of complex building. Image © Xiaoming Zhang

西安市航天城第一中学 / 西安建筑科技大学建筑设计研究院

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