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  1. ArchDaily
  2. Projects
  3. Housing
  4. United Kingdom
  5. OMA
  6. 2016
  7. Holland Green / OMA + Allies & Morrison

Holland Green / OMA + Allies & Morrison

  • 07:20 - 11 May, 2016
Holland Green / OMA + Allies & Morrison
Holland Green / OMA + Allies & Morrison, © Nick Gutteridge
© Nick Gutteridge

© Philip Vile © Philip Vile © Sebastian van Damme © Nick Gutteridge + 31

  • OMA Partner in Charge

    Reinier de Graaf
  • OMA Project Director

    Carol Patterson
  • OMA Project Managers

    Mario Rodriguez, Isabel Silva, Fenna Wagenaar, Mitesh Dixit, Richard Hollington III, Beth Hughes
  • Allies and Morrison Partners

    Simon Fraser, Robert Maxwell
  • Allies and Morrison Director

    Neil Shaughnessy
  • Allies and Morrison Associate Directors

    Joel Davenport, Heidi Shah
  • Allies and Morrison Associates

    Sean Joyce, Johanna Coste-Buscayret
  • Allies and Morrison Team

    Dinka Beglerbegovic, Fabiana Paluszny, Stuart Thomson
  • Structural Engineer

    Arup Structures
  • Services Engineer

    Arup Services
  • Acoustics

    Arup Acoustic
  • Facades

    Arup Facades / FMDC
  • Quantity Surveyor

    AECOM
  • Landscape Architect

    West 8
  • Interior Design

    CZL
  • Lighting Designer

    R.A.L.C
  • Developer

    Chelsfield Developments (Kensington) Ltd.
  • More Specs Less Specs
© Philip Vile
© Philip Vile

Text description provided by the architects. HISTORY
The Commonwealth Institute, by Robert Matthew, Johnson-Marshall and Partners, completed in 1962, marks the transition from British Empire to Commonwealth. Regarded as an important modern building by English Heritage, it was first listed in 1988, and again in 1990 for its special architectural interest. In 2002, only just after having undergone major refurbishment by Avery Associates (2000/2001), the building was closed to the public. In 2006, the government tried to delist the Commonwealth Institute, but failed, saving the building from demolition.

© Sebastian van Damme
© Sebastian van Damme

COMPETITION
In March 2008, after a short competition, OMA was selected from a shortlist of six international architects, which included Rafael Moneo, Rafael Viñoly Architects, Eric Parry Associates, Caruso St John, and Make Architects. The competition sought to explore the potential for a new use of the main exhibition hall and replacement of the administration wing (of lesser interest*) by residential development to help fund the refurbishment of the main hall.

© Sebastian van Damme
© Sebastian van Damme

URBANISM
In OMA’s proposal, the demolition of the administration wing is interpreted as an opportunity to liberate the main exhibition hall, enabling it to be appreciated as ‘a tent in the park’, in line with its original intention. The proposed residential buildings sit as free standing objects within the park landscape. Oriented to align with the exhibition hall, they aim to integrate the hall into an ‘ensemble of buildings’.

© Hufton+Crow
© Hufton+Crow

Within this ensemble, each building is scaled proportionally – like Russian Dolls – to react to the scale of its immediate surroundings: The front building, set back from the street to maintain the existing plaza condition, responds to the scale of the neighboring buildings on Kensington High Street. The largest of the three new buildings, tucked back within the site, concealed from both Holland Park and the High Street, corresponds to the height of Park Close’s two adjacent sixties’ buildings. The smallest building, fronting the park, mimics the height of the Parabola.

Elevation
Elevation

ARCHITECTURE
The calm, orthogonal geometries of the new residential buildings pose a deliberate contrast to the dramatic hyperbolic geometries of the exhibition hall’s roof. The facades of the new buildings register the amplitude of the roof’s curvature like ‘graph paper’.

© Nick Gutteridge
© Nick Gutteridge

Each residential façade is a hybrid of two different façade types: one being an array of identical vertical windows, the other essentially an expression of the buildings’ structural grid. The latter offers the apartments magnificent views and also incorporates their outdoor spaces, including the large terraces on the upper floors. The two façade types coexist in a seemingly accidental relationship. The addition of skyboxes gives a certain

Diagram
Diagram

plasticity to the building volumes, allowing (some of) the apartments to extend outside the building perimeter, redirecting the view back to one’s own façade.

© Hufton+Crow
© Hufton+Crow

CI REFURBISHMENT
The Commonwealth institute’s main exhibition hall will be the new home of the Design Museum, offering nearly three times the space of original location at Shad Thames, meanwhile dedicated to house Zaha Hadid’s archives.

© Sebastian van Damme
© Sebastian van Damme

With the exception of the roof and it’s supporting structure, the building has been almost entirely rebuilt. A new basement has been installed beneath the full footprint, and the floors within have been rebuilt at new levels to accommodate the needs of the Design Museum. The outmoded 1960s facades have been replaced with energy efficient fritted facades, designed to resemble the original.

Diagram
Diagram

The refurbishment of the Commonwealth exhibition hall has been funded from revenue made from the residential development to the point that the Design Museum has been offered a for-purpose-building as though it were new, without the obligation to pay rent.

© Philip Vile
© Philip Vile

LANDSCAPE
Intended as a composition of free-standing buildings in a green setting, the design of the landscape is of primary importance. Its romantic character is intended to contrast with the angular geometries of the buildings, endowing the modern architecture with a deliberate ambiguity. Vehicles (as much as possible) are banned from the site, leaving the possibility of a landscape with almost seamless transitions between hard- and soft-scape.

© Nick Gutteridge
© Nick Gutteridge

Underneath, there is a continuous basement, connecting the three residential buildings and the Design Museum at a single service level. Car parking and storage space are provided for the residences with private access to each residential block, alongside service access to the Design Museum. This basement also houses a number of collective facilities for the residents, such as a spa sky-lit swimming pool, cinema, and gym. 

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Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
OMA
Office
Allies & Morrison
Office
Cite: "Holland Green / OMA + Allies & Morrison" 11 May 2016. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/787225/holland-green-oma/> ISSN 0719-8884
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© Nick Gutteridge

英国置身于绿色中的 Holland 建筑集合体 / OMA + Allies & Morrison

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