Bosco Verticale, by Boeri Studio (now recognized as Barreca & La Varra and Stefano Boeri Architetti), is a high-density tower block that experiments with the integration of a lush landscape within the facade of the architecture. The Vertical Forest, currently in construction in Milan, Italy, deal with the concept of regenerating the lost forests on the ground within the inhabitable space of buildings. The towers are 80 metres and 112 metres tall. Together they will have the capacity to hold 480 big and medium sized trees, 250 small size trees, 11,000 groundcover plants and 5,000 shrubs – the equivalent of a hectare of forest. For more on this project, follow us after the break.
Living on the facade as they do in the wild, the plants facilitate the same operations that a “smart facade” would. They filter out dust from the air, absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygenated air into the atmosphere and living quarters, while also providing shade and a micro-climate that cools the air in hot summer months.
This “recolonization” of the urban environment with biological growth generates a biodiversity that also creates a safe environment for animals that thrive on these plants as food and shelter. This brings life into areas of the city, life that is typically reserved for parks and gardens. The idea here is to generate environmental corridors. These environmental interventions also mitigate the build up of toxic gases in the environment and help purify the air in the urban atmosphere.
The selection and cultivation of plants for this project was highly considered, as well as the placement and distribution of plants among floors in order to create a successful irrigation system. As a whole, the building functions as its own type of ecological system working between both the landscape and the intricacies of housing design. The tower form of the buildings was chosen to help prevent against urban sprawl, providing residents with a private landscape within their apartments while offering the same advantages of living in a city. The proposal is the equivalent of 50,000 sq meters of forests and family houses in a sprawl setting.
Bosco Verticale Landscape Design: Emanuela Borio and Laura Gatti Supervision of works: Francesco de Felice, Davor Popovic Design development: Gianni Bertoldi (coordinator), Alessandro Agosti, Andrea Casetto, Matteo Colognese, Angela Parrozzani, Stefano Onnis Schematic design and PII: Frederic de Smet (coordinator), Daniele Barillari, Marco Brega, Julien Boitard, Matilde Cassani, Andrea Casetto, Francesca Cesa Bianchi, Inge Lengwenus,Corrado Longa, Eleanna Kotsikou, Matteo Marzi, Emanuela Messina, Andrea Sellanes Detailed green design: Emanuela Borio e Laura Gatti Structures: Arup Italia s.r.l. Facilities design: Hilson Moran Italia s.p.a. Detailed design: Tekne s.p.a. Open Space Design: Land s.r.l. Infrastructure design: Alpina s.p.a. Contract administration (DL): MI.PR.AV. s.r.l.
*Update: Stefano Boeri, Gianandrea Barreca, Giovanni La Varra partners in Boeri Studio until 2007 are the authors of the project. Since 2008 their professional activity has been divided in two different firms: Barreca & La Varra and Stefano Boeri Architetti. The project Vertical Forest is signed by Boeri Studio (Stefano Boeri, Gianandrea Barreca, Giovanni La Varra).