Infographic Charts Rise of Muzharul Islam, Father of Bengali Modernism

Courtesy of Maruf Raihan

Maruf Raihan, founder of Bangladeshi graphic design firm Studio Biporit has created an infographic tracing the career of Muzharul Islam, widely recognized as the Master Architect of South Asian Modernism. The timeline begins with Islam’s birth in Murshidabad in 1923, spanning from his first major project— the Central Library at the University of , in 1953— to his last, the World Bank Office in Dhaka in 1987. Also documented are his numerous academic and architectural milestones, including extensive international publication and exhibition. Highly legible and amply illustrated, the concludes with an entry noting Islam’s death in 2012, at the age of 88. The full-sized graphic can be viewed here.

Bengal Institute for Architecture, Landscapes, and Settlements Launches in Bangladesh

Courtesy of Bengal Foundation

At the Bengal Foundation’s conference, EngageDhaka 2015, ArchDaily learned of the newly launched Bengal Architecture and Design Institute.  With a focus on the pursuit of innovation in the lived environment with a focus on human interactions, the forum will enable open dialogue on improving our environments through the lens of architecture, landscape, and settlement for better livability. Bringing together local and international professionals and educators, the Institute will provide a series of lectures, discussions, workshops, and exhibitions to better understand the possibilities within these areas, especially when unified.

Pani Community Centre / SchilderScholte architects

Courtesy of

Architects: SchilderScholte architects
Location: Rajarhat,
Area: 910.0 sqm
Year: 2014
Photographs: Courtesy of SchilderScholte architects

Bengal Foundation Breaks Ground on Contemporary Arts and Crafts Museum

Courtesy of Bengal Foundation

The Bengal Foundation has begun work on its Contemporary Arts and Crafts Museum, Bangladesh’s first private museum of its kind. The ambitious complex will house multi-media works from the organization’s founder Abul Khair’s private collection, pieces by local artists, a sculpture garden, and a boat museum to celebrate the various arts of local residents. 

Learn more about the museum’s design, after the break.

Karim Residence / ARCHFIELD

© Mahfuzul Hasan Rana

Architects: ARCHFIELD
Location: Dhaka,
Structural Engineer: Md. Shamsul Alam
Area: 1834.0 sqm
Year: 2012
Photographs: Mahfuzul Hasan Rana

South 5053 Apartments / Shatotto

Courtesy of Shatotto

Architects: Shatotto
Location: ,
Year: 2013
Photographs: Courtesy of Shatotto

Mamun Residence / Shatotto

Courtesy of Shatotto

Architects: Shatotto
Location: ,
Year: 2013
Photographs: Courtesy of Shatotto

EHL Premium Condominiums / Kashef Chowdhury – URBANA

© Hélène Binet

Architects: Kashef Chowdhury
Location: , Bangladesh
Firm: URBANA
Area: 4536.0 sqm
Year: 2013
Photographs: Hélène Binet

Case Studies in Coastal Vulnerability: Boston, Seoul, Hamburg, Bangladesh & New York

Water floods the Plaza Shops in Manhattan after Superstorm Sandy, 2012. Photo: Allison Joyce/Getty Images.

This article originally appeared in the latest issue of ArchitectureBoston as “Troubled Waters.“ 

The challenges of sea-level rise cross boundaries of all sorts: geographic, political, social, economic. Proposed mitigation strategies will also necessarily shift and overlap. Here, we present five case studies from across the globe that offer intriguing ways—some operational, some philosophical—to address the threats associated with climate change. Drawing on a research initiative focused on vulnerabilities in , a team at Sasaki Associates developed these additional design-strategy icons to illustrate the layered approaches. They are adaptable, the better to meet the unique demands of each coastal community.

Friendship Centre / Kashef Mahboob Chowdhury/URBANA

© Eric Chenal

Architects: Kashef Mahboob Chowdhury/URBANA
Location: ,
Team: Anup Kumar Basak, Sharif Jahir Hossain, Motiur Rahman, Amrul Hasan
Area: 2,897 sqm
Year: 2011
Photographs: Eric Chenal, Anup Basak, Kashef Chowdhury

Local Solutions: Floating Schools in Bangladesh

© Joseph A Ferris III

In Bangladesh, where rising sea levels are having profound effects on the landscape, one nonprofit organization called Shidhulai Swanirvar Sangstha run by architect  is fighting back by adapting, a true quality of resilience.  Rising water levels and the tumultuous climate is displacing people by the thousands; a projected 20% of Bangladesh is expected to be covered in water within twenty years.  For a country that is one of the densest populated state on the planet, this figure has disastrous consequences for a population that has limited access to fresh water, food, and medicine.  In response to these conditions, Shidhulai has focused on providing education, training and care against the odds of by adapting to the altered landscape:  moving schools and community centers onto the water – on boats.

South Water Carees / Shatotto

Courtesy of

Architects: Shatotto
Location: Baridhara, , Bangladesh
Project Year: 2009
Project Area: 17,124 sq ft
Photographs: Courtesy of Shatotto

S.A Residence / Shatotto

© Daniele Domenicali

Architects: Shatotto
Location: ,
Project Year: 2011
Project Area: 20,667 sq ft
Photographs: Daniele Domenicali

Cyclone Shelter / Lindsay Bremner and Jeremy Voorhees

Courtesy of Lindsay Bremner and Jeremy Voorhees

The proposal for the international competition for a cyclone shelter in Bangladesh by Lindsay Bremner and Jeremy Voorhees is conceptualized as a boat-building, referencing two local typologies – the boat and the landing ghat. Located in Ranggabali, a small village in the Patuakhali Province, the building is half submerged in water in times of cyclone while beached against a ghat in dry seasons. Sheltering its occupants in the liminal zone between land and water, it makes place by transitioning from depth and section to surface and plan. More images and architects’ descriptions after the break.

“Shobuj Pata” (Green Leaf) Eco Community Development / JET, JCI, and Terraplan

penthouse view

JET Architecture was invited by JCI Architects along with Terraplan Landscape Architects, to joint venture in the design of the Green Leaf project. After winning the commission earlier in 2011, in December, the final negotiations were completed to enable the project to move forward quickly. The team will be working together, helping Bangladesh to design a sustainable community with an innovative green concept. Green Leaf is green landscape architecture and built form which takes full advantages of the local natural resources to create a hybrid habitable space combining architecture and nature. The concept is inspired by adopting current and green innovative technology to make the design construction economic and feasible. More images and architects’ description after the break.

Genesis Technology Group / Project-BD Architects

© Courtesy of Project-BD Architects

Architects: Project-BD Architects
Location: -1000,
Project area: 3,800 sq. ft.
Project year: 2010
Photographs: Azrin Alom, Bashirul Mughni

Nishorgo Oirabot Nature Interpretation Centre / Vitti Sthapati Brindo Ltd, Ehsan Khan

© Aga Khan Award for Architecture / BKS Inan

Architect: Vitti Sthapati Brindo Ltd,
Location: Teknaf,
Client: Md. Ishtiaque Ahmed, Ministry of Environment & Forests Bon Bhaban
Area: 288 sqm
Project Year: 2008
Photographs: Aga Khan Award for Architecture / BKS Inan

AD Classics: National Assembly Building of Bangladesh / Louis Kahn

© Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Modernist architecture is traditionally understood to be utilitarian, sleek, and most of all without context, such that it can be placed in any context and still stay true to aesthetic principles and its functional requirements.  However, Louis Kahn’s National Assembly Building of in is an extraordinary example of modern architecture being transcribed as a part of Bangali vernacular architecture.  The National Assembly building, completed in 1982, stands as one of Kahn’s most prominent works, but also as a symbolic monument to the government of Bangladesh.