No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ

No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ

No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography, WindowsNo Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography, Windows, Facade, CityscapeNo Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography, Windows, FacadeNo Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Interior Photography, Concrete, Windows, BeamNo Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - More Images+ 81

  • Architects: Atelier FCJZ
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area :  6060
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year :  2021
  • Photographs
    Photographs :Fangfang Tian
  • Principal Architect : Yung Ho Chang
  • Project Team : Simon Lee, Yue Wang, Yishi Cheng, Xiangting Li, Xia Wu, Yang Liu, Youyou Chen, Jiali Hou
  • Site Supervision And Technical Cooperation : Youbin Hu
  • Client : Zhejiang Yada International Health Ecologic Park
  • Structure & Mep : Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd (Dujing Architectural Design Institute)
  • City : Jiaxing
  • Country : China
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No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography, Windows
Bird’s-eye view of No Name Art Museum and surroundings. Image © Fangfang Tian

Text description provided by the architects. Since a collection of Wu Dayu’s work might not be exhibited at this museum, the name of Wu Dayu Art Museum has been discontinued. We use No Name Art Museum only as a temporary measure. However, the design of this piece of architecture was very much inspired by him.   

No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Image 58 of 86
Space-function sketch. Image Courtesy of Yonghe Zhang
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography, Windows, Cityscape, Facade
No Name Art Museum is in harmony with the white walls and gray tiles of Wuzhen buildings. Image © Fangfang Tian
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography, Cityscape
Bird 's-eye view of artist's residence and multi-functional hall . Image © Fangfang Tian

Wu Dayu. Wu Dayu (1903-1988) was a painter, educator, and poet and considered the founding father of Chinese abstract painting. He was born in Yixing, Jiangsu, and went to France in 1922 to study oil painting and sculpture. After returning to China, he established the National Art Academy (now China Academy of Art) in Hangzhou along with Lin Fengmian and others and headed its Department of Western Paintings. Wu lost his teaching position in the 1950s and painted in a ten-square-meter attic at home until his passing.

Our architectural design was influenced by Wu Dayu’s art. His pursuits of ‘Li’ (force) and ‘Ning’ (serenity) in his small postcard-size paintings urged us to contemplate carefully the scale of architectural space. Wu’s poem, King Kong, further portrays vividly the dynamics and volatility of architectural experience:
Shadow cheats on figure
Time laughs at space
With no sound and no trace
I come in and out of the darkness of time

No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Image 59 of 86
Spatial tension contrast. Image Courtesy of Yonghe Zhang
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography
View of the staggered buildings from across the river. Image © Fangfang Tian
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Interior Photography
Interior space of the main entrance. Image © Fangfang Tian

Time. Wu’s poem inspired us to explore the temporal dimension of architecture. Can time be designed? Borrowing French philosopher Francios Jullien’s book On Time for a theoretical guideline, we compared the time of China and Europe. The classic Western time: The observer is without time; time and space are separated; time is evenly paced, dividable, one-directional, with beginning and end. Past and future are clearly defined but not present. This is the objective time. The traditional Chinese time: The observer is within time; time and space cannot be separated; time varies, is continuous and oncoming, without beginning and end. This time is always present and can be named as the subject time. The elasticity of Chinese time offers design possibilities.

No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Image 61 of 86
Main entrance and reception area. Image Courtesy of FCJZ
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography, Windows
Bird 's-eye view of main entrance and reception area. Image © Fangfang Tian
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography
Different materials form a variety of texture. Image © Fangfang Tian

The case of Bridge with Nine Bends: If a body of water can be crossed with 3 steps, with a Nine-Bend Bridge, it may take 27 steps, which means the time is 9 times longer, consequently the space feels much larger. We combined the Chinese time and Western perspective and designed wedge-shaped spaces, including both programmed one and pure one: These spaces are stretched by perspective in one direction and compressed in the other; thus, the temporal-spatial perception changes with every move of the visitor. It demonstrates the immeasurability of time and space and enriches the experience to the point where one may get lost and embark on a journey of discovery. Wu Dayu Art Museum is a playground of space and time.

No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Image 62 of 86
Water triangle. Image Courtesy of FCJZ
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography
Overlooking the Wedge-shaped courtyard(right)and the Water-court(left). Image © Fangfang Tian
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Interior Photography
Through the doorway of wedge-shaped courtyard looking at the continuing overhang of tea-room. Image © Fangfang Tian

Space. The essence of an art museum is to provide a You or wandering experience. The spatial relationship naturally becomes the main design focus. Therefore, besides perspectival manipulation, we introduced the concept of “pure architectural space”: a series of outdoor or semi-outdoor spaces serving as transitions among programs. They are configured to possess dramatic tensions, intensifying the temporal and spatial dynamics during the process of a journey through the architecture. The overall spatial structure of this building complex is arranged in Yuan (courtyards) and Jin (layers), generating a dialogue with the Chinese architectural traditions and overlaying another layer of experience onto the perspectival play.

No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Windows, Facade
Exhibition area. Image Courtesy of FCJZ
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Interior Photography, Facade
Multi-functional hall entrance. Image © Fangfang Tian
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Interior Photography, Concrete, Windows, Beam
Multi-function hall interior space. Image © Fangfang Tian

Form. Paying attention to time-space experiences allows us a break away from static compositions, which means the formal relationship between stereoscopic volumes and planar elevations is dissolved. Hereto, the work of a Swedish architect, Sigurd Lewerentz, provided us with great inspiration.

No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Image 64 of 86
Studio area. Image Courtesy of FCJZ
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography, Windows, Facade
Overlooking the Water-court. Image © Fangfang Tian
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography, Facade
View of the riverside end of Water-court. Image © Fangfang Tian

Structure. The structural system of this project is partly beamless concrete slabs with irregular-shaped columns without beams and columns, and partly steel frames.

No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography
tile wall cladding. Image © Fangfang Tian
No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Interior Photography, Steel
Tile-louvre wall. Image © Fangfang Tian

Regional culture + Material. Besides space, we also pay tribute in our design to the vernacular houses in Wuzhen, which is part of Jiangnan (south of the Yangtze River), in terms of material and color. Hence, using clay tiles on the roofs and concrete tiles on the walls as well as exposing concrete walls constitute a rich and subtle color scheme of black-white-gray. At this point, the construction of the landscape and interior of this building remains incomplete.

No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ - Exterior Photography, Windows, Garden
Overlooking the exhibition area. Image © Fangfang Tian

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Project location

Address:Wuzhen, Zhejiang, China

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Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
Cite: "No Name Art Museum / Atelier FCJZ" 19 Aug 2022. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/987485/no-name-art-museum-atelier-fcjz> ISSN 0719-8884

Overlooking the Water-court and studios. Image © Fangfang Tian

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