- Architect / Partner: Auvo Lindroos
- Designer / Partner: Iikka Airas
- Project Architect: Veikka Entelä
- Architect / Façade Details: Erno Honkonen
- Architecture Student Competion Phase: Patrik Perämäki
- Interior Architect Competion Phase: Fanni Suvila
- Restoration Architect: Soini & Horto Architects
- City: Helsinki
- Country: Finland
Text description provided by the architects. Scandic Grand Central Helsinki Hotel. A landmark of Finnish architecture, Helsinki Central railway station opens as a design hotel – Scandic Grand Central is Eliel Saarinen’s masterpiece with an extension that respects the original. The Helsinki Central Railway Station, and its administrative buildings, are amongst Eliel Saarinen’s most important achievements in Finland and a masterpiece of Finnish art nouveau.
The building, completed in 1919, has been listed amongst the most beautiful railway stations in the world and one of the most visited architecture destinations in Finland. Scandic Grand Central Helsinki is located in the old administrative buildings of the Helsinki Central railway station. With its 500 rooms together with meeting and banquet facilities, Scandic Grand Central is among the largest hotels in Finland and true to its late Art Nouveau roots.
The project consisted of the restoration and adaptive reuse of administrative buildings and the contemporary addition that completes the stations north. ”The vision of the new design is to create a contemporary hotel experience while taking care of one of the most highly valued pieces of architecture,” says architect Aleksi Niemeläinen from Futudesign. ”By interpreting Eliel Saarinen’s architecture boldly from a totally new perspective, the idea was to create contemporary architecture that makes both the old and the new elements interesting.”
The new plan honours the logic of the original station: for example, the layout of the new building follows Eliel Saarinen’s principle of an indented façade and leaves the ends of the original building in plain sight. Futudesign’s concept stays true to the original architecture of the railway station and blurs the boundaries of historic and contemporary architecture to create a stylistic symbiosis. Many design details are inspired by Eliel Saarinen’s original plans and applied to contemporary features such as street level and top floor arch windows. The wall materials imitate the Railway Station’s facade with a mix of concrete and red granite to add to the building’s grand appearance.
Saarinen himself might not have minded the repurposing of the administrative parts of the building, because back in 1918, he already had a master plan for Helsinki’s city center. In this plan, Saarinen proposed moving the railway station two kilometers to the north and outlined the growth of Helsinki on a European level as a metropolis with boulevards and monumental buildings. The plan was never realized and the railway station quickly became an iconic symbol for the whole of Helsinki.
The restoration of the administrative buildings was done by Architects Soini & Horto in collaboration with the Finnish Heritage Agency. The old corridors, staircases, and the original still remaining furniture were carefully restored. ”You can really feel Saarinen´s spirit at Scandic Grand Central Helsinki. There are still layers of different eras visible, as well as surprising details. It is an inspiring travel destination for history and architecture lovers”, Aleksi Niemeläinen from Futudesign says.