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  7. Niederhafen River Promenade / Zaha Hadid Architects

Niederhafen River Promenade / Zaha Hadid Architects

  • 07:45 - 21 August, 2019
  • Curated by Fernanda Castro
Niederhafen River Promenade / Zaha Hadid Architects
Niederhafen River Promenade / Zaha Hadid Architects, © Piet Niemann
© Piet Niemann

© Piet Niemann © Piet Niemann © Piet Niemann © Piet Niemann + 21

  • Client

    Hamburg Road, Bridge, Waterways & Flood Protection Agency (LSBG)
  • ZHA Project Team

    Jan Hübener (project leader), Niels Kespohl, Cornelius Schlotthauer, Rassul Wassa, Walentina Tradowski, Gonzalo Carbajo, Eren Ciraci
  • Project & Support Structure Planning

    Ingenieurbüro Grassl Gmbh
  • Road & Traffic Planning

    Schmeck-Junker Ingenieurgesellschaft Mbh
  • Technical Building Services

    Rmn Ingenieure
  • Geotechnical Consulting

    Grundbauingenieure Steinfield Und Partner Gbr
  • Environmental Impact Assessment

    Landschaft & Plan
  • Length

    103km
  • Dykes

    78km
  • Flood protection

    25 km
  • Structures

    77
  • Storm surge barriers

    6
  • Locks

    6
  • Pumping stations and tidal gates

    27
  • Large river gates

    38
  • More Specs Less Specs
© Piet Niemann
© Piet Niemann

Text description provided by the architects. Located at Niederhafen on the Elbe River between St. Pauli Landungsbrücken and Baumwall in Hamburg, the upgraded 625 metre river promenade is integral to the modernisation and reinforcement of the city’s flood protection system.

© Piet Niemann
© Piet Niemann

In the aftermath of storm surge floods in February 1962 that caused 315 fatalities and destroyed the homes of 60,000 residents, between 1964 and 1968 Hamburg developed a barrier on the banks of the Elbe at Niederhafen to protect the city against floods up to a height of 7.20m above sea level.

© Piet Niemann
© Piet Niemann

Modern hydrology and computer simulations have since analysed and forecast the city’s flooding characteristics with greater accuracy; calculating that an increase in the barrier height of 0.80m was required to protect Hamburg from future winter storm surges and extreme high tides. Inspections of Niederhafen’s existing flood barrier in 2006 determined that supporting elements of the existing structure were overburdened and its foundations needed significant reinforcement. Later that year, the city of Hamburg organised a competition to design the redeveloped flood barrier and subsequently awarded the project to Zaha Hadid Architects. Hamburg’s Niederhafen flood protection barrier is in a prominent location that incorporates the city’s renowned riverside promenade - a major attraction for tourists and one of Hamburg’s most important public spaces. Situated on top of the flood protection barrier, the promenade provides undisturbed views of the Elbe and the port.

© Piet Niemann
© Piet Niemann

With construction of all phases now complete, the redevelopment of Hamburg’s Niederhafen flood protection barrier re-connects its river promenade with the surrounding urban fabric of the city; serving as a popular riverside walkway while also creating links with adjacent neighbourhoods. The linear structure is 8.60m above sea level in its eastern section and 8.90m above sea level in its western section to protect the city from maximum winter storm surges and extreme high tides.

© Piet Niemann
© Piet Niemann

A minimum width of ten metres ensures this popular riverside promenade offers generous public spaces for pedestrians, joggers, street performers, food stalls and cafes. Shops and public utilities are also accommodated within the structure at street level facing the city. Wide staircases resembling small amphitheatres are carved within the flood protection barrier at points where streets from the adjacent neighbourhoods meet the structure; giving passers-by at street level views of the people strolling along the promenade at the top of the barrier as well as views of the masts and superstructures of ships in the Elbe.

© Piet Niemann
© Piet Niemann

These staircases are orientated towards their intersecting city streets: Stubbenhuk, Neustädter Neuer Weg, Rambachstraße, Reimarusstraße and Ditmar-Koel-Straße. New pedestrian crossings connect each street with the river promenade. Alternating with these city-facing stairs, similar amphitheatres facing the river are also carved within the structure; generating an oscillating sequence in the river promenade as it repeatedly widens and narrows. 

© Piet Niemann
© Piet Niemann

Dedicated cycle lanes at street level run the length of the flood protection barrier. Wide ramps at Baumwell and Landungsbrücken connect the river promenade with street level and provide accessibility for all. A third central ramp enables service vehicles to access the promenade and Überseebrücke. The river promenade is divided into two sections with different spatial qualities. The zone to the west is at a larger scale, offering wide views downstream of all shipping activity on the river. To the east, the port’s marina creates a more intimate atmosphere with a long ramp alongside the amphitheater leading visitors down to the water’s edge.

© Piet Niemann
© Piet Niemann

A three-storey restaurant and two food kiosks are integrated within the flood protection structure. The top floor of the restaurant cantilevers over its adjacent staircase and gives diners panoramic views of the Elbe. Pedestrian areas of the promenade are clad in a dark, anthracite-coloured granite that contrasts with the light grey granite of the staircases.

© Piet Niemann
© Piet Niemann

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Project location

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
Cite: "Niederhafen River Promenade / Zaha Hadid Architects" 21 Aug 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/923308/niederhafen-river-promenade-zaha-hadid-architects/> ISSN 0719-8884
© Piet Niemann

汉堡Niederhafen河滨走廊 / 扎哈•哈迪德建筑事务所

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