Most parking is free – but that doesn’t mean it doesn’t have a high cost. A recent podcast from Freakonomics Radio (which you can listen to at the end of this article) examined parking in US cities, investigating the “cost of parking not paid for by drivers” – a cost paid not just by the government, but by the environment – due to congestion and pollution caused by people searching for kerbside parking. For example, in a 15 block area of Los Angeles the distance traveled by drivers looking for parking is equivalent to one trip across the USA per day.
One potential solution which they discuss is a San Francisco project called SF Park, which makes use of sensor technology to measure the demand for parking in certain areas of the city and adjust price according to demand. In theory, this would create a small number of empty spaces on each block and dramatically reduce the time that many drivers spend cruising for parking spaces.
Though the idea is certainly an intelligent approach to the problem of kerbside parking, unsurprisingly all this talk of supply, demand and pricing sounds very much like an economist’s answer to a problem. But what can designers do to help the situation?
Perhaps, from the designer’s point of view, the real problem with kerbside parking and surface lots is that they are always seen as a provision “coupled with” a building or area of the city. There have been a number of attempts by architects – some successful and some tragically flawed – to make parking spaces less of a rupture in a city’s fabric and more of a destination in themselves. Could these point to another way?
Read about 3 examples of parking’s past, and one of its potential future, after the break…
The International Parking Institute (IPI) has announced the winners of their 2010 International Parking Institute’s Awards of Excellence Competition. Each year, the competition recognizes world-class examples of parking design and program innovation.
This year’s winners reflect a parking industry trend toward sustainability with many of the projects incorporating LEED certification, energy efficient lighting, use of solar panels, advanced technologies and innovative approaches that reduce the need for more parking spaces.
To see all the winners, click here. The three awards of excellence after the break.
Architect: Paul de Ruiter
Location: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Project Architect: Paul de Ruiter
Project Team: Michael Noordam, Dieter Blok, Monique Verhoef, Willeke Smit, Sander van Veen
Client: Dienst Stadstoezicht Rotterdam & Ontwikkelingsbedrijf Rotterdam
Construction Advisor: ABT bv, adviseurs in bouwtechniek
Installations Advisor: Halmos bv
Car Park Advisor: Spark / Twynstra Gudde, adviseurs en managers
Building Management: Gemeentewerken Rotterdam
Urban Design: Rudy Uytenhaak Architectenbureau
Contractor: Dura Vermeer Beton- en Waterbouw bv
Constructed Area: 21,000 sqm
Project Year: 2002-2003
Construction year: 2003-2005
Photographs: Rien van Rijthoven
Can’t Park? Reduced parking availability and rising parking costs? Browsing aisle after aisle, fighting over the same parking spot? Got a ticket? Little aesthetic attractiveness of urban parking lots? As much as people love to drive, all good things must come to an end: Parking.
Designboom and Nissan Motor Company are looking for YOUR artwork that illustrate your perception within the theme ‘Think outside the parking box’. Challenge conventional urban parking! playful enhanced parking technology, robotic facilities, safety, dynamic services, green parking … creative solutions that address urban parking problems, statements of objections, creative-innovative-and-hilarious ideas in form of videos, art- design objects and illustrations can be submitted.
Nissan Motor Company, Ltd. is currently the third largest Japanese car manufacturer. Two years ago Nissan launched Qashqai, a new breed of vehicle for the urban world. It is the first model to be styled by Nissan Design Europe in London and pioneered the crossover category in Europe. Qashqai is now Nissan’s best selling model. You are asked to include the ‘Qashqai’ or part of it (rear-view mirrors, grills, wheels, wheel caps,…) in your artwork. Application registration will be accepted from now until September 27th, 2009.
More information and registration here.
Architect: Guerin & Pedroza Architectes
Location: Toulouse, France
Project owner: City of Toulouse (place Occitane), Altarea (shopping centre), Vinci Park (parking)
Technical design office: Ingénierie Studio (Toulouse)
Landscaper: Julie Poirel
Light designer: Roger Narboni Concepto
Urban furniture: Guérin & Pedroza
Surface area of the place: 10,000 sqm
Surface area of the shopping centre: 15,000 sqm (16,000 sqm total floor area)
Project year: 2003-2008
Photographs: Guerin & Pedroza
Architects: Willy Müller Architects
Location: Mercabarna, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
Principal in Charge: Willy Müller
Associate Architect: Frédéric Guillaud
Project Team: Caterina Morna,Rupert Maurus (modelos 3D), Isabella Pintani, Valeria Santoni, Bruno Louzada, Francisco Villeda, Iris cantante, Marco Loperfido, Mara Cascais, Sabine Bruinink, Mario Perez Botero
Collaborators: Sérgio Pinto, Ricardo Amaral, Joana Lagès, Anne-Irène Valais, Christof Larbig, Jean-baptiste Scharffhausen, Deborah Schor, Jetske Kox, Andre Mota, Andres Ferner, Kelly Hendricks, Christian Lasch, Martin Ober-Hascher, Anja Summermatter, Kelly Klein, Gilda Camacho, Sérgio Ramos, Elke Gall
Structure Consultant: Area 5
Project year: 2005/2008
Constructed Area: 15,000 sqm
Model Photographs: Adria Goula Sarda
Photographs: Jordi Puig, Ricardo Loureiro
Belgian practice BURO II designed some new projects around this historic site with a great importance to the city of Ostend. This is, amongst others, determined by its location: the proximity to the sea the Royal Galleries and the historically important Thermae Palace. The former racecourse for horse racing was turned into a collection of projects, and a crossroads of activities, which bring a new urban dynamic to ‘the queen of seaside resorts’.
Architects: BIG Architects
Location: Copenhagen, Denmark
Partner in Charge: Bjarke Ingles for BIG, Julien De Smedt for JDS
Project Architect: Jakob Lange
Project Leader: Finn Nørkjær
Project Manager: Jan Borgstrøm
Construction Manager: Henrick Poulsen
Contributors: Annette Jensen, Dariusz Bojarski, Dennis Rasmussen, Eva Hviid-Nielsen, Joao Vieira Costa, Jørn Jensen, Karsten V. Vestergaard, Karsten Hammer Hansen, Leon Rost, Louise Steffensen, Malte Rosenquist, Mia Frederiksen, Ole Elkjær-Larsen, Ole Nannberg, Roberto Rosales Salazar, Rong Bin, Sophus Søbye, Søren Lambertsen, Wataru Tanaka
Collaborators: JDS/JULIEN DE SMEDT ARCHITECTS, Moe & Brødsgaard, Freddy Madsen Rådgivende Ingeniører ApS
Client: Høpfner A/S
Engineering: Moe & Brodsgaard
Construction: DS Elcobyg A/S /PH Montage
Project year: 2008
Constructed Area: 33,000 sqm
Photographs: Dragor Luft, Jacob Boserup, Jens Lindhe, Ulrik Jantzen
Architect: ARTEKS Arquitectura + Esther Pascal architect
Location: Ordino, Andorra
Architects in charge: Elisabet Faura & Ester Pascal
Collaborators: Gemma Roca, Dalila Pregal, Alvaro Briceño, Malte Ruckert, Ruper Maurus, Carlos Cobreros, Cecilia Vázquez , Alex Miralles
Artistic Collaborator: Victor Pérez Porro
Structure: GETCE BEAL_ Xavier Beal Vilaginés
Utilities: Bernabé Rodriguez
Acoustics: Higini Arau
General Contractor: COIMA S.A
Constructed Area: 9,714 sqm
Photographs: Pedro Pegenaute & Eugeni Pons
Location: Bilbao, Spain
Architect in Charge: César Azcárate (ACXT) + Esteban Rodriguez (SENER)
Project Architects: Gonzalo Carro, Raimundo Bambó, Javier Vergara, Jorge Minguet, Manuel Andrades, Marc Rips, Iñigo Arana, María Labastida, Ruth Mendoza, Javier Oteiza, Cruz Lacoma, Eloy Olabarri
Project year: 2005
Area: 450,000 sqm
Project Managment: Celos Fonseca, Javier Vergara, jon Ochoca, Javier Ruiz de Prada (IDOM + SENER)
Structural / Civil engineering: Fernando del Campo
Enviromental Engineering: Javier Aróstegui
Lighting: ALS Lighting
Photographer: Carlos Casariego
Architects: Arons en Gelauff Architecten
Location: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Design Period: 2001-2006
Construction period: 2004-2006
Programme: apartments, parking
Client: Stichting Ouderenhuisvesting Rotterdam (SOR)
Architectural Team: Adrie Laan, Menno Mekes, Jan Bart Bouwhuis, Erik Jan Vermeulen, Hilde Gründemann, Mariska Koster, Jacco van der Linden, Felix Fassbinder, Irene Siljama
Landscape Architect: Petra Blaisse, Inside Outside
Contractor: Leendert Kool, Dura Vermeer Bouw Rotterdam B.V.
Architectural Engineer: Peter Stout, Bouwkundig adviesburo Baas B.V.
Building Physics: Frank van Dorrestein, Cauberg-Huygen
Project Management: Marcel Hogervorst, Stichting Ouderenhuisvesting Rotterdam
Budget: 15,100,000 EURO (US $23,8 millions)
Constructed Area: 15,678 sqm
Photographs: Jeroen Musch, Rob Hoekstra
Architect: OFIS arhitekti
Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia
Design Year: 2005-2006
Construction Year: 2006-2007
Project leaders: Rok Oman & Špela Videčnik
Design Team: Martina Lipicer – udia, Nejc Batistic – udia, Andrej Gregoric – cand.arh, Ana Kosi – stud.arch.
Programme: Social apartments with parking
Client: Gradis G group, Ljubljana
Constructed Area: 5,000 sqm
Nº of floors: 4 floors + 2 underground parking
Budget: Construction: 650 EURO/sqm (US $1,020)
Ceilling: 1,200 EURO/sqm (US $1,880)
Photographs: Tomaz Gregoric
Architects: Arons en Gelauff Architecten
Location: Groningen, Netherlands
Design Period: 2003-2007
Construction period: 2005-2007
Programme: Apartments, Parking
Client: Woonstichting (housing association) De Huismeesters, Groningen
Architectural Team: Joost van Bergen, Jan Bart Bouwhuis, Rianne Kreijne, Adrie Laan, Floria Schrage, Aldrik Stegenga, Mahir Dündar, Claudia Temperilli, Mariska Koster-Berbé
Landscape Architect: Kraaivanger Urbis
Contractor: Schutte Bouw, Zwolle
Budget: 9.600.000 EURO (US $14.9 millions)
Constructed Area: 15.400 sqm
Photographs: Allard van der Hoek, Peter de Kan
Right next to their VM Housing project, BIG is currently finishing their new project: Mountain Dwellings. But this time, the client asked for a specific program with 2/3 parking and 1/3 living. Rather than doing 2 separate buildings, BIG decided to combine the splendours of the suburban backyard with the social intensity of urban density, resulting on a terraced housing over the parking area.