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  7. AD Classics: Unité d’Habition, Berlin / Le Corbusier

AD Classics: Unité d’Habition, Berlin / Le Corbusier

AD Classics: Unité d’Habition, Berlin / Le Corbusier
AD Classics: Unité d’Habition, Berlin / Le Corbusier, © Thomas Lewandovski
© Thomas Lewandovski

© Thomas Lewandovski © Thomas Lewandovski © Thomas Lewandovski © Thomas Lewandovski +10

After World War II, post-war Europe was suffering from a lack of housing with many displaced people from the extensive bombing raids.  In response to the housing crisis in Europe, Le Corbusier began delving into designing large scale, communal residences for the victims of World War II. 

© Thomas Lewandovski
© Thomas Lewandovski

One of the most notable projects in this series was the Unite d’ Habitation in Marseilles, France. This project had inspired a continued implementation of the design type across Europe. The fourth building in the series is the Berlin Unite d’ Habitation, also known as the Corbusierhaus. Completed in 1959, it was designed as a symbol for the modernization of Germany after the war and the Cold War.

© Flickr User: ChicagoGeek
© Flickr User: ChicagoGeek

Designed for the International Building Exhibition of 1957, the Corbusierhaus is almost an exact carbon copy of the Unite in Marseilles.  Among the dense living conditions, there are elements of communal living that provide amenities and activities for people to come together. 

typical plan
typical plan

Within the large housing block there is a kindergarten, medical facility, several recreational spaces, and a garden; a continuation of the conceptual “city within a city” bringing people’s every day activities and needs into the housing block. Corbusierhaus was also an extension of the idea of the “vertical garden city” of bringing the villa into a high-rise.

© Thomas Lewandovski
© Thomas Lewandovski

Corbusierhaus was intended to bring a modern touch to Germany, as it was trying to redefine itself after World War II.  The modern structure and use of beton-brut concrete give the housing block a neutral aesthetic composed of egalitarian housing.  The standardization of the units and ingenious spatial configuration of the units is a trademark of the Unite series, as well as the reduction of the corridors to every third floor. 

© Thomas Lewandovski
© Thomas Lewandovski

These corridors were repurposed by Corbusier to have dual functions of not only a circulation space, but a new communal space for the neighbors to gather and socialize. The “rue interieur,” or interior street, added to the spatial complexity of the Corbusierhaus, as well as redefine the social parameters of a public circulation space.

© Thomas Lewandovski
© Thomas Lewandovski

Although, Corbusierhaus seems as if it is almost an exact copy of previous Unite’s, Corbusierhaus is unique in that it is not designed using the Modulor that Corbusier had developed. Even though there are slight formal differences, the major difference is that the dwelling units are substantially bigger than Corbusier had ever intended. 

© Thomas Lewandovski
© Thomas Lewandovski

At the time the German building code was relatively strict with the proportion and spatial dimension requirements, which prohibited the proportions of the Modulor.  Rather than the intended floor to floor height of 2.26 meters, the floors were separated by a 2.5 meter difference.

© Thomas Lewandovski
© Thomas Lewandovski

The difference is slight, but in general displeased Corbusier during the design phase, which altered the location and efficacy of the brise-soleil. Even with the slight sectional and façade differentiation, there is no denying that Corbusierhaus is another example of an ideal formula derived by Le Corbusier.  The Unite series redefined social housing and proved to be effective across Europe; Corbusierhaus stands as another monolithic icon of Le Corbusier’s modern architecture.

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite: Andrew Kroll. "AD Classics: Unité d’Habition, Berlin / Le Corbusier" 16 Nov 2010. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/88704/ad-classics-corbusierhaus-le-corbusier/>
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37 Comments

herr hartmann · December 01, 2010

RT @SandiV Beautiful images of the Corbusierhaus by Le Corbusier http://bit.ly/98IQVh #architecture #midcentury via @ArchDaily #midcentury

Scott Lindberg · December 01, 2010

RT @SandiV: Beautiful images of the Corbusierhaus by Le Corbusier http://bit.ly/98IQVh #architecture #midcentury via @ArchDaily

Sandi Vincent · December 01, 2010

Beautiful images of the Corbusierhaus by Le Corbusier http://bit.ly/98IQVh #architecture #midcentury via @ArchDaily

ELS · November 24, 2010

AD Classics: Corbusierhaus / Le Corbusier | ArchDaily http://t.co/n2f0mAY via @archdaily

ilaria defilippo · November 20, 2010

AD Classics: Corbusierhaus / Le Corbusier • http://t.co/QoPVDZX #Corbusier #Berlin

Kevin Parent · November 20, 2010

AD Classics: Corbusierhaus Germany/ Le Corbusier | ArchDaily: http://bit.ly/9GCaEh via @addthis

sudark · November 18, 2010

An intended floor to floor height of 2.26 meters sounds quite low.. I wonder if they had enough clearance for beams and other services.

p · November 18, 2010

Would be excellent if it were located on the street rather than an open field.

a · November 18, 2010 10:27 PM

p... you should take a look at the Athens Charter... after doing that ask the moderator to erase your comment.

Jonathon Moreels · November 18, 2010

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Mark Henderson · November 17, 2010

AD Classics: Corbusierhaus / Le Corbusier | ArchDaily http://t.co/jsXQilM via @archdaily

Andy Marshall · November 17, 2010

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Fabitto · November 17, 2010

Putz não conheci esse #fail RT @ArchDaily AD Classics: Corbusierhaus / Le Corbusier http://archdai.ly/aZRbHM #architecture

Jane Leach · November 17, 2010

RT @arqapaz http://bit.ly/98IQVh / Enjoy it! morning everyone :) <Fab photos!

Paz Molinari · November 17, 2010

http://bit.ly/98IQVh / Enjoy it! morning everyone :)

Rob Dubois · November 17, 2010

carbon copy? where are the sculptural pilotis and the spectacular roofgarden of the Marseille version? also the floorplans are considerably different. the apartments in France are oriented to both sides with a nice double heigth living area, in the german version this has disappeared completely and are the units only oriented to one side and rather dull and badly organised. in economising the design the german version has lost a lot of the charmes of the original.

?? · November 17, 2010

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chuuss · November 17, 2010

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Juan J v Rensburg · November 17, 2010

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Jared E Wright · November 17, 2010

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Scott @ Cube Studio · November 17, 2010

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Taylor Beldy · November 17, 2010

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Felipe Miranda · November 17, 2010

Le Corbusier Corbusierhaus - post war monolithic social housing - urban design failure but deeply interesting - http://bit.ly/de2CNx

DEZIGN · November 17, 2010

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James Rock · November 17, 2010

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Ted Lott · November 17, 2010

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Andy Marshall · November 17, 2010

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Sean Moyano · November 17, 2010

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arch_related · November 17, 2010

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hari singh · November 17, 2010

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GR2TF · November 17, 2010

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ArchitecturePassion · November 17, 2010

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Panus D. · November 17, 2010

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Erik Joya · November 17, 2010

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Barry Maguire · November 17, 2010

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Docomomo Venezuela · November 17, 2010

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