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  1. ArchDaily
  2. Projects
  3. Cultural Center
  4. Chile
  5. Cristián Fernández Arquitectos
  6. 2010
  7. Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center / Cristian Fernandez Arquitectos + Lateral Arquitectura & Diseño

Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center / Cristian Fernandez Arquitectos + Lateral Arquitectura & Diseño

  • 01:00 - 18 October, 2010
Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center / Cristian Fernandez Arquitectos + Lateral Arquitectura & Diseño
Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center / Cristian Fernandez Arquitectos + Lateral Arquitectura & Diseño, © Nico Saieh
© Nico Saieh

© Nico Saieh © Nico Saieh © Nico Saieh © Nico Saieh +42

  • Location

    Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center - Av Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins 227, Barrio Lastarria, Santiago, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile
  • Project Architects

    Cristián Fernández Eyzaguirre, Christian Yutronic V., Sebastián Baraona R.
  • Collaborators

    Marcelo Fernández, Carlos Ulloa, Hernán Vergara H., Loreto Figueroa A., Nicolás Olate Vásquez. Natalia Le-Bert, Nicolás Carbone, Juan Pablo Aguilera, Rodrigo Herrera, Eduardo Cid, Sebastián Bravo, Sebastián Medina, Ximena Conejeros, Irene Escobar, Ricardo Álvarez, Sebastián Bórquez, Rodrigo Carrión
  • Area

    44000.0 sqm
  • Project Year

    2010
  • Photographs

  • Structural Engineering

    Luis Soler P & Asociados
  • Shoring

    Musante, Astorga, Arrau Ltda.
  • Electrical Engineering

    Luis Farías
  • Lighting

    Douglas Leonard Lighting
  • Services

    Enrique Montoya Ingenieria
  • Scenic Engineering

    Enrique Bordolini Consultores Teatrales
  • Roof Engineering

    Fernández y Rojas Asociados
  • Theatrical Consultor

    Ramón López
  • Artist

    Juan Guillermo Tejeda
  • Structural Engineering Review

    Antonio Medina
  • Security

    PRY Ingenierìa
  • Graphic Signs

    Di. Diseño & Imagen
  • Exterior Pavements

    Mavimix Ltda.
  • Audio & Video

    Yamaimport Ltda.
  • Acoustics

    Jorge Sommerhoff
  • Topography

    AEV Topografia
  • Energy Efficiency

    Juan Cristóbal Pérez
  • Isolation

    Ingeniería y Construcción ICC
  • More SpecsLess Specs

From the architect. We live in time where throwing things out is easier than to repair, adapt and implement value.  However, the objects and buildings that surrounded us have a hidden history that is necessary to discover or rediscover if you will.  The Diego Portales building (or what's left of it) is an ideal example.  This challenge provided an exceptional opportunity, a gift if you will, transforming what was once a historical burden.  The building we believe could not be lost by shortsighted political desires or less for some atavistic return of "blank slate" of an architect of the day.

© Nico Saieh
© Nico Saieh

Historical Context

This building, like no other, has been a major player during a period in Chile's recent history that was characterized by political and social division.  The building was built as a masterpiece a symbol of the "new man" during Salavador Allende's government.  After the coup in 1973 this building housed General Pinochet's regime embodying the "Total Power."  During the last three decades four governments have occupied the building including the Ministry of Defense.  This has led to a building not wanted by most with a "bipolar" biography.

© Nico Saieh
© Nico Saieh

The original building was designed and built in record time.  As a strategy, the architects designed a great cover of monumental proportions to subsequently house the building's program.   From the beginning the urban impact was profound, as they installed a huge building with horizontal proportions perched practically on the sidewalk of the main street of the city , and on its other side invading a small residential neighborhood.

© Nico Saieh
© Nico Saieh

A fire on March 5, 2006 in the eastern sector of the building completely destroying the Great Hall.  The Chilean government decided to create a future for this building calling for an international architecture competition.  Over 55 proposals were received and Cristian Fernandez Arquitectos teamed with Lateral Arquitectura & Diseno provided the winning design.

© Nico Saieh
© Nico Saieh

Proposed Urban Spaces

Their approach to the building was to immediately address the surrounding environment, providing a new relationship to the previously unacknowledged surroundings.  The architects decided to focus on four main concepts: openness to the city and its urban relationships across a large deck with loose volumes under it, the creation of new public space, the opening of the building to the community by incorporating community programs, and the legitimacy of the project through the incorporation of as many social agents in shaping a new benchmark for the city.

© Nico Saieh
© Nico Saieh

Openness and Transparency

A building for arts and culture should always be varying degrees of transparency and share and engage your users not only directly but also to the whole community.  Therefore, the architects opted for a design that provided openness with in the public spaces and transparency into the interior spaces.  The halls for the performing arts of music, dance, and theater, are on display to the public as "boxes or containers."

© Nico Saieh
© Nico Saieh

Program and Organization

Horizontally the building is organized around three volumes that contain and represent the three major program areas.  These are the Documentation Center for the Performing Arts and Music, a Training Room of the Performing Arts, and the Great Hall Theater seating 2,000 people.  The three buildings are separate at street level providing multiple covered pedestrian spaces.  At the lower levels all three buildings directly connect.

© Nico Saieh
© Nico Saieh

Materials

The main materials that make up the building are all possible to find in the original building with five design elements that are worth noting:  weathering steel, reinforced concrete in sight, glass, steel, and wood.  The use of the weathering steel (with holes) creates an immediate visual link between past, present, and future.

© Nico Saieh
© Nico Saieh

Acoustics

Given the specifics of the program each room was treated independently looking for the best acoustic comfort according to its corresponding activity.  For example, the Music Hall presents a design of inclined planes and breaks that are capable of directing high quality sound to all viewers and maintaing a warm contemporary expression.  The Music Hall along with the Dance Room have space for audio and lighting control located at the bottom of each chamber taking the place of the old translation booths from when it was the Building Diego Portales.

© Nico Saieh
© Nico Saieh
Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite: "Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center / Cristian Fernandez Arquitectos + Lateral Arquitectura & Diseño" 18 Oct 2010. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/81725/gabriela-mistral-cultural-center-cristian-fernandez-arquitectos-lateral-arquitectura-diseno/>
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26 Comments

DomArtStyl · August 05, 2015

Grea work.

Alterna Studio Gráfico · February 01, 2012

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Fatemah ALAsadi · February 05, 2011

excellence

cool Architecture · October 26, 2010

Great use of Corten for a facade, not so sure about the stained glass ceiling. http://t.co/fBs2Sfn There are loads of pictures here!

o0 · October 25, 2010

Architecture: Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center [Pictures] - http://bit.ly/blLK2d (via @archdaily) #design #architecture

Maria Fidalgo · October 24, 2010

Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center / Cristian Fernandez Arquitectos | ArchDaily http://t.co/S0Ig6C5 via @archdaily

Dai · October 24, 2010

el centro cultural "gabriela mistral" quedo increible vean aquí http://bit.ly/9cXSNo

Carel Munoz · October 20, 2010

Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center / Cristian Fernandez Arquitectos, Lateral Arquitectura & Diseño http://is.gd/g8D5D

Javiera Barillas · October 20, 2010

precioso el vitral del nuevo centro cultural gabriela mistral (ex diego portales) http://archdai.ly/cRzPe6 #architecture

carlos coronel · October 19, 2010
archi-troll · October 19, 2010

This project has a certain level of, how do you say, robustness to it.

Centor4 · October 19, 2010

Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center / Cristian Fernandez Arquitectos, Lateral Arquitectura & Diseño http://t.co/Q8egwqo via @archdaily

DAW_Diseño y Arq. · October 19, 2010

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DEZIGN · October 19, 2010

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eli cadalso · October 19, 2010

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Scott @ Cube Studio · October 18, 2010

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Architecture+Molding · October 18, 2010

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maher shamma · October 18, 2010

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Marcos Barinas Uribe · October 18, 2010

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ReCUA · October 18, 2010

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Oscar Morales B- · October 18, 2010

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Bocetos Digitales · October 18, 2010

Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center / Cristian Fernandez Arquitectos, Lateral Arquitectura & Diseño: © Nicolas SaiehA... http://bit.ly/99SFny

seb · October 18, 2010

this was the old building...
is hard to find photos tho..
http://www.revistaca.cl/2006/1...

Lukas · October 18, 2010

Great project!!!
Any chance you have photos of the original busing that you could post?

···

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