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Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)

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Pikler Pedagogy in Architecture: Wooden Furniture and Spatial Freedom

Emmi Pikler was a Hungarian pediatrician who introduced, in the years after World War II, a new philosophy on early childhood care and learning for children up to the age of 3. It was after the birth of her first child that she began to question: what happens when a child is allowed to develop freely? The observed results culminated in the introduction of a new methodology.

The Pikler approach facilitates the free development of children by caring for their physical health and providing affection but largely respecting their individuality and autonomy. Following this logic, intervention by adults becomes mostly unnecessary. Rather, for the child to experience space while moving freely, certain care must be taken in the preparation of the environments themselves.

Neuroarchitecture Applied in Children's Design

Jardim de Infância SP / HIBINOSEKKEI + Youji no Shiro. Image © Studio Bauhaus, Ryuji InoueEscola Nía / Sulkin Askenazi. Image © Aldo C. GraciaPlayville Day Care / NITAPROW. Image © Ketsiree WongwanBiblioteca da Escola Umbrella / Savana Lazaretti Arquitetura e Design Sensorial. Image © Renata Salles+ 21

It is unquestionable that environments directly influence the behavior and emotions of their users. Human beings spend approximately 90% of their lives indoors, making it imperative that the spaces we inhabit stimulate positive behavior and emotions, or at least don't influence us negatively. There exists a specific term describing the stimuli that the brain receives from its environment: neuroarchitecture. Several studies have been published on this topic, most focusing on its impact on work environments. This article approaches this concept through a different, yet essential lens: emphasizing its importance in the design of spaces for children in early childhood.

EZ Kindergarten and Nursery / HIBINOSEKKEI + Youji no Shiro + Kids Design Labo

© Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)© Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)© Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)© Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)+ 25

  • Area Area of this architecture project Area:  1016
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year:  2019
  • Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project
    Manufacturers: Bozo, GANTAN BEAUTY INDUSTRY, KIDS DESIGN LABO, Puppy Kids Chair, Runon

KB Primary and Secondary School / HIBINOSEKKEI + Youji no Shiro + Kids Design Labo

© Toshinari Soga | studio BAUHAUS© Toshinari Soga | studio BAUHAUS© Toshinari Soga | studio BAUHAUS© Toshinari Soga | studio BAUHAUS+ 33

  • Area Area of this architecture project Area:  5856
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year:  2019
  • Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project
    Manufacturers: Osmo, Bozo, GANTAN BEAUTY INDUSTRY, KIDS DESIGN LABO

School and Daycare Projects for Different Climates

European children spend approximately 200 days a year at primary school. Even though the academic year in most parts of the world is not as long as in Europe, the place where children and adolescents spend the most time, following their own homes, is usually in educational institutions. These can be places for learning, playing and socializing, and as sad as it may be, they can also be safer places for children living in environments of abandonment, hunger, and violence, providing them with opportunities and even meals. A United Kingdom-wide survey found that the differences in physical characteristics of classrooms accounted for 16% of the variations in learning progress over the course of a year. In other words, the better a classroom is designed, the better children perform academically. According to the study, the factors that most affect children are sunlight, indoor air quality, acoustic environment, temperature, the design of the classroom itself and the stimulation within it.

SMW Nursery / HIBINOSEKKEI + Youji no Shiro

© Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)© Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)© Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)© Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)+ 34

  • Area Area of this architecture project Area:  822
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year:  2018
  • Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project
    Manufacturers: KIDS DESIGN LABO

HN Nursery / HIBINOSEKKEI + Youji no Shiro

© Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)© Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)© Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)© Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)+ 20

  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year:  2017
  • Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project
    Manufacturers: GANTAN BEAUTY INDUSTRY, ICHIKAWAYA, KIDS DESIGN LABO, Shelter, Solso