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The Brick Trader's House / Architecture Studio YEIN

The Brick Trader's House / Architecture Studio YEIN

© Joonhwan Yoon© Joonhwan Yoon© Joonhwan Yoon© Joonhwan Yoon+ 31

Gangneung, South Korea
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area:  415
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year:  2018
  • Photographs
    Photographs:  Joonhwan Yoon
  • Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project
    Manufacturers: DAELIM BATH, REHAU, Bricko, Durastack, Luxmall, Stuc-O-flex, Usong
  • Design Team:Lee Myungseon, Kim Jeongmi, Choi Narae, Park Jieun
  • Structural Design:Nara Structural Engineering Company Limited
  • Electrical Design:Daehyun Plan & Supervision
  • City:Gangneung
  • Country:South Korea
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© Joonhwan Yoon
© Joonhwan Yoon

Text description provided by the architects. In Korean legends appear so many stories about traders of cattle, salt, silk, and trinketry, but nothing about a brick trader. In British fairy tales, however, a brick house is regarded as a model of robust house as exemplified by the third pig's brick house in Three Little Pigs. In Korea, bricks were used for tombs or burial mounds in the ancient times and with stones for the royal palace gates or Suwon Hwaseong Fortress in the Joseon Dynasty. Now easily available everywhere, bricks are affordable so as to be used for structural or decorative materials.

© Joonhwan Yoon
© Joonhwan Yoon
Plan - Second floor
Plan - Second floor

However, they are vulnerable to lateral forces and so should be used with earthquake-proof stiffening structure. The traditional Korean term signifying a trader is "Jangsu," which was described as a mean occupation in the past but now is regarded as a professional supplier who sells a specific item of objects. Nowadays, no Korean refers to such a person as a "Brick Jangsu" or a brick trader but we decided to name this house "A Brick Trader's House" as a familiar expression.

© Joonhwan Yoon
© Joonhwan Yoon

After working on BomBom Boutique Hotel, we have designed buildings by utilizing many bricks as the exterior materials and built a friendship with the brick trader, for whom we naturally came to design a house. Also in this project, we used bricks as the exterior materials, specifically old white bricks chosen to brighten the client's life and change the dark atmosphere of surroundings in the urban center. Our focus was not on showing the various materials of a multi-use building, but on using bricks, exposed concrete, and a tiny part of wood for the balcony. We created a small loft on the rooftop, and to make a vertical space at the living room, projected into the façade the topographic character of three mountains with the staircase, the living room, and the loft, all of which constituted the mountainous shape of the roof.

Concept - Use
Concept - Use

The clients, the brick trader and his wife, have long worked on selling bricks and commissioned us to design this project to prepare the house for their later life with stable rental incomes. We made the house for the couple on the 3rd floor, the rental units of 1.5 rooms for three households on the 2nd floor, and a small shop on the 1st (ground) floor besides the parking lot. A half of the roof was made into a sloped one, while the other half was made flat to accommodate various activities to happen on the rooftop.

© Joonhwan Yoon
© Joonhwan Yoon

Given the earthquake frequently occurred in Korea these days, we used reinforced concrete for the main structure and applied decorative brickwork for the exterior materials. While most architects nowadays share a preconception that using expensive bricks makes a good house, I as an architect find whether their price is high or low would not be significant if they had the colors, material properties, and the way of masonry fit for the design. Sometimes it would be necessary to use broken bricks intentionally to create an old image although it could reduce the potential of water repellency. Otherwise, for a building like a house which could be conveniently maintained, it would be necessary to find and lay such bricks as to have clean surfaces and high water repellency as well as the color harmonized with the surroundings.

© Joonhwan Yoon
© Joonhwan Yoon

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Cite: "The Brick Trader's House / Architecture Studio YEIN" 22 Jan 2021. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/955278/the-brick-traders-house-architecture-studio-yein> ISSN 0719-8884
© Joonhwan Yoon

韩国砖商之家 / Architecture Studio YEIN

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