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Presence in Hormuz 2 / ZAV Architects

Presence in Hormuz 2 / ZAV Architects

View from the north-west toward the residence. Image © Tahmineh MonzaviAccommodation unit for four persons. Image © Tahmineh MonzaviAdjacency of accommodation units in the lower level of the site. Image © Tahmineh MonzaviMajara top view. Image © DJI+ 28

  • Architect In Charge:Mohamadreza Ghodousi, Fatemeh Rezaie, Golnaz Bahrami, Soroush Majidi
  • Design Team:Sheila Ehsaei, Sara Jafari, Payman Barkhordari, Mohsen Safshekan, Kaveh Rashidzadeh, Hossein Panjehpour
  • Landscape:Maryam Yousefi, Morteza Adib
  • Interior Design:Sara Jafari, Taraneh Behboud, Sara Nikkar, Mohsen Dehghan
  • Supervisor:Soroush Majidi, Payman Barkhordari, Sheila Ehsaei
  • Modeling:Somayeh Saeidi
  • Presentation:Fereshteh Assadzadeh, Somayeh Saeidi, Arshia Hashemipour, Dorsa Tavakoli, Sara Fallahzadeh
  • Owner:Ali Rezvani
  • Client:Ehsan Rasoulof
  • Structural Design:Behrang Baniadam, Rouhi Touski
  • Civil Engineer:Farhad Beigi
  • Electrical Engineer:Pejman Moradian
  • Mechanical Engineer:Saeid Afsharian
  • Culinary Manufacturer:Matbakh Ara
  • Environment Consultant:Salman Rasouli, Roya Yazdizadeh
  • Accommodation Consultant:Nasim Mosavar
  • Project Constructor:Amir Tehrani Nobahari
  • Construction Manager:Hormat Ghasemi
  • Construction Vice Manager:Ramin Koulaghani, Amin Timas
  • Mechanical Constructor:Javad Irandegani, Hamid Haji Posht-e-Gol
  • Floor Constructor:Davoud Etemadi
  • Windows Builder:Mehra Company
  • Interior Plaster:Gholamali Abbasi
  • Exterior Plaster:Esmaeil Salimi
  • Construction Painter:Farzad Moharrami
  • Logistics:Nabiollah Timas, Borhan Pouyan, Ali Ghanbari, Ayoub Owj Hormozi, Khalil Owj Hormozi, Abdolhamid Hormozi, Davoud Hormozi, Ali Ghalandari Zehi, Farhad Shadan, Assad Gedri, Abbas Gedri, Ali Ghazi, Majid Bazmandeh, Ali Nasernia, Rahmat Ghalandari, Davoud Mohtaji, Morteza Mohtaji, Mohammad Vahedi, Mosayeb Zarei, Kambiz Narouii, Yasser Narouii, Nassir Narouii, Din Mohammad Narouii, Mojtaba Farhadi, Abbas Nassaji, Esfandiar Khorshidi, Khoubyar Khorshidi, Jalal Bameri, Ghassem Bameri, Enayat Karami, Reza Amirian, Eshgh Ali, Nabi Akrami, Mohammad Moallemi, Sajjad Gholampour, Seyfollah Rasouli, Ali Golzari, Soheil Khedmatkari, Hosein Zohouri
  • Country:Iran
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Adjacency of accommodation units in the lower level of the site. Image © Tahmineh Monzavi
Adjacency of accommodation units in the lower level of the site. Image © Tahmineh Monzavi

Community empowerment via urban development, Hormuz Island, Iran  - Hormuz is a formerly glorious historic port in the strategic strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf, South of Iran, that controls the shipment of petroleum from the Middle East. The island has outstanding colorful surreal landscapes. Oddly, the local inhabitants of the beautiful, touristic and politically strategic island struggle economically, getting involved in illegal trafficking activities using their boats. Presence in Hormuz is a series of urban developments by a semi-public institution that hired ZAV Architects, in order to empower the local community of the island. Its second phase is a multipurpose cultural residence called Majara residence (meaning adventure) that ties together the lives of local people and visitors both culturally and economically.

Majara top view. Image © DJI
Majara top view. Image © DJI
Topographic Plan
Topographic Plan

What’s to my benefit, what’s to the benefit of all? In a country where the state struggles with political disputes outside its borders, every architectural project becomes a proposal for internal governing alternatives, asking basic questions: what are the limits of architecture and how can it suggest a political alternative for communal life? How can it attain social agency?

Accommodation unit for four persons. Image © Tahmineh Monzavi
Accommodation unit for four persons. Image © Tahmineh Monzavi

Architecture has the capacity be a mediator in the middle ground that converges the interests of different groups, from the state and investors to various classes and groups of people. Majara does so in bringing together the owners of land from the neighboring port of Bandar Abbas who organize an annual land-art event in Hormuz, the investors from the capital city Tehran, and the local people of Hormuz as partners in the project.

Charta as an interstice space between inside and outside. Image © Tahmineh Monzavi
Charta as an interstice space between inside and outside. Image © Tahmineh Monzavi

Under the economic distress of sanctions, increasing the GDP generates social change, which in this project is achieved by: 1. Building economically, to the benefit of the client. 2. Earmarking a bigger share of the budget to labor costs rather than expensive imported materials, to the benefit of the local population, empowering them by offering training for construction skills. 3. An adaptive and future-proof spatial scenario that can respond to unpredicted need, to the benefit of the client and the island. 4. Using materials and human resources from Iran, to reduce construction and transportation costs and increase the GDP, to the benefit of the whole country.

View from the south-west, above the walkable rooftops. Image © Payman Barkhordari
View from the south-west, above the walkable rooftops. Image © Payman Barkhordari
Section
Section
Majara Residence, view from Soil Carpet Beach (South). Image © Soroush Majidi
Majara Residence, view from Soil Carpet Beach (South). Image © Soroush Majidi

Infinite Nader Khalili’s - Presence in Hormuz is a continuous process aiming at building trust rather than architectural objects, in order to encourage the participation of local people and the inclusion of their interests in any intervention in the island. The project is a multitude of small-scale domes built with the super- adobe technique of Nader Khalili, the innovative and simple technique using rammed earth and sand. Domes are familiar structures in the region. Their small scale makes them compatible with the building capabilities of local craftsmen and unskilled workers, which have been prepared for this project with previous smaller projects. Today they are trained master super- adobe masons, as if Nader Khalili multiplied exponentially.

Upper level spatial unit colonies. Image © Payman Barkhordari
Upper level spatial unit colonies. Image © Payman Barkhordari

Swelling Earth -  the infinite number of colorful particles, be they soil, sand, gravel or stone, pile up and form the rainbow topography of Hormuz island. In this project a carpet is woven with granular knots inspired by the particles that make up the ecotone of the island. The sandbags that create the spatial particles (aka domes) are filled with the dredging sand of the Hormuz dock, as if the earth has swollen to produce space for accommodation.

View from the north-west toward the residence. Image © Tahmineh Monzavi
View from the north-west toward the residence. Image © Tahmineh Monzavi

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Project location

Address:Hormuz Island, Iran

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Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
Cite: "Presence in Hormuz 2 / ZAV Architects" 01 Dec 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/952361/presence-in-hormuz-2-zav-architects> ISSN 0719-8884
View of Majara Residence from upper path of the Soil Carpet Beach (South view). Image © Soroush Majidi

霍尔木兹岛“存在感”系列:Majara居住区 / ZAV Architects

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