- Engineering Design : Xiaoyan Chang, Yunfeng Chang
- Clients : Excellent Fashion CO.LTD
- Patent Of Movable Multifunctional Partition : HUA Architects
- City : Hangzhou
- Country : China
This project is located on the first and second floors in a multi-storey plant building with a depth of up to 24 meters and a floor height of only 3.6 meters. The original building for maker space features poor lighting and ventilation, and the design begins with analysis of lighting and ventilation.
According to analysis of natural lighting, we can find that the area which is 6 ~ 7 meters far away from the external walls and windows meets the natural lighting standard for office space and thus can be used as office space; the middle area with poor lighting needs supplementary artificial lighting and can be used as traffic space and shared space.
With regard to ventilation, after comparing various plans, we finally chose to drill big holes in floorslabs of the second floor and adopt mechanical ventilation at the top of the second floor to make the air volume and air changing frequency meet the standard for office space. During transformation, the owner needed to keep a part of function as the plant building on the first floor, so only one big hole has been drilled.
Above analysis of lighting and ventilation for the building basically defines the space structure of this case.
Design of Movable Multifunctional Partitions
According to the design task of this maker space, multiple teams enter the site, and independence is needed among them.
When a team is observed from the angle of life circle, the development trace of its scale is distributed in a normal fashion on the time axis. Different teams sharing a big space have different development degrees at some point on the time axis, so there is a situation that normal curves of all teams overlap at the same time point. As the time axis moves, scales of all teams also change, and the team scale is reflected as space size in the space, which means that – in the whole space, interfaces among parts of the space must be dynamic and not static.
There are lifting wheels at the top of movable multifunctional partitions, which can freely slide in the grid tracks to meet combined needs of all kinds of spaces.A partition takes steel frames as its structure, and its panels, which can be substituted freely, can be felts, sunlight boards, wooden planks or panels of other materials. The both sides of a steel frame have two AA columns to which multifunctional components including bookshelf boards and drawers, desktops, coat hangers, curtain frames, magnetic white boards and desk lamp clamps with different heights and depths can be fixed. These components and panels can be combined freely depending on demands and be continuously extended to meet the use functions of all teams.
To ensure that the partitions have general properties, sizes for all partitions are all the same. Because non-modular sizes are needed among partitions and between partitions and buildings, we designed a pair of movable doors which can overlap to deal with these sizes. The movable doors which can overlap can be used as not only doors for each part but also a partition between two spaces.
To adapt to dynamic space changes, the positions of light fittings must be movable. According to the design, intelligent sockets are arranged at certain intervals in the tracks at the top. There are two ways of fixing light fittings: the first is overhead lights which are fixed in the track at the top with a kind of fixing components; the second is wall lamps, which are fixed to AA columns of partitions with another kind of fixing components. Two kinds of light fittings can be energized though intelligent sockets. Therefore, possibility for wireless lighting control and flexible moving for light fittings are realized.