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  3. See How the Design of Chairs, Beds and Sofas Have Evolved Through History

See How the Design of Chairs, Beds and Sofas Have Evolved Through History

See How the Design of Chairs, Beds and Sofas Have Evolved Through History
See How the Design of Chairs, Beds and Sofas Have Evolved Through History, via Angie's List
via Angie's List

Evidence suggests that furniture was used as far back as the Neolithic period and daily life without it is unimaginable. So how has furniture changed through the ages? From the exclusive and luxury furniture of Ancient Egypt, to the functional and streamlined design of the Bauhaus – these animations created by Angie's List take you on a fascinating journey through the evolution of furniture design.

1. Chair

Furniture as we now know it was rare in Ancient Egypt. Most regular people used woven baskets to store their few belongings and would sit on mats or blankets. Furniture was an exclusive luxury saved for the rich and powerful. Between 1919 and 1933 The Bauhaus movement reinvented furniture design forever. The clean-lines we see in today’s furniture were first established by this influential German design studio. Bauhaus rejects unnecessary stylistic affections – instead prioritizing function, neutral colors and clean shapes.

2. Dining Set

During the early 18th century in Paris, the wealthy social elite were busy rejecting the regal seriousness of Baroque design for something more fun. The exuberant new Rococo style furniture opted for dense ornamentation, fluid lines, and pastel colors. At the other end of the spectrum is minimalism which rejects the lavish styles of the past. Utilizing few materials and clear lines – minimalism grew out of the New York art scene in the 1960’s. Whether it’s furniture or home products, in minimalism less is more.

3. Sofa

The ancient Greeks didn't have much in the way of furniture, but what they did have was carefully crafted. A Greek couch was called a Kline and it was primarily used for reclining while eating.

Mid-Century Modern valued functionality, elegance and simplicity. Furniture from this era usually combines only two materials such as a vibrant color fabric paired with a rich wood. Furniture in this style was mass-produced and designed to be affordable to average homeowners, making it a hugely popular style.

4. Desk

Furniture from the Medieval period is instantly recognizable, with its ornate wood carvings and stark look. You won’t see many curved lines or circular forms in furniture from this time – It’s all about square or rectangular forms. In contrast, Organic Design brings us natural, smooth rounded forms. This design movement was pioneered by American architect and interior designer Frank Lloyd Wright who believed in creating harmony between people and nature. Organic design is all about the use of natural materials and the perfect balance between the manmade and natural worlds.

5. Bed

Renaissance furniture was heavily influenced by the classical antiquities of the past. At the end of the 15th century, trade brought immense wealth to Italy and the growing bourgeoisie demanded more high-quality furniture. Instead of looking to the past for inspiration, Art Deco design celebrated modern life in the 1920s and 30s with all of its luxury and sophistication. New materials of the time such as chrome, Bakelite and plate glass were combined with ivory, mahogany and dark lacquered surfaces to create classic furniture and architecture.

Sources :

Chairs

Richardson, K. (2018). The Furniture of Ancient Egypt. sofasandsectionals.com

Lovell, S. (2018). Design Staple: The Klismos Chair. deringhall.com

V&A. (2018). Armchair. collections.vam.ac.uk

Haines, T.C. (2015). Savonarola chair. antiquesdiva.com

Kisluk-Grosheide, Daniëlle O. French Furniture in the Eighteenth Century: Seat Furniture. metmuseum.org

V&A. (2018). Style Guide: Rococo. vam.ac.uk

Timeless Chesterfields. (2018). A British design classic: The history of the Chesterfield sofa.timelesschesterfields.com

Dining Chair Company. (2018). Cromwell. diningchair.co.uk

Juliao, D. (2018). Famous Art Nouveau Furniture Designers. study.com

Knoji. (2018). A History of Modern Chair Design: The Modern Movement. architecture.knoji.com

Galuh, S. (2016). 1920 Art Deco Furniture. middleburgarts.org

Musei Italiani. (2018).Organic Design. museiitaliani.org

Morley, M. (2016). A Brief History of Mid-Century Modern Furniture Design. Anothermag.com

Marvel Building. (2018). Minimalist Chairs Concept in Wireframe Design – Gentle Hint Chairs. marvelbuilding.com

Arch Expo. (2018). Emmemobili. Archiexpo.it

Dining Sets

Cheap Apartment Furniture. (2018). Furniture. cheapapartmentfurniture.com

Egypt Guide. (2018). Ancient Egypt culture, feasts in Egypt. egyptprivatetourguide.com

Real Estate Directories. (2018). Tudor Oak Trestle Table From The Late Medieval Period Circa 1520.realestatedirectories.info

Juliao, D. (2018). Renaissance Furniture: History & Style. study.com

Cupboards And Roses. (2018). Seating. cupboardsandroses.com

Houzz. (2014). Rococo Carved Dining Table. houzz.com

Antiques Atlas. (2018). Victorian Dining Table & Chairs. antiques-atlas.com

1st Dibs. (2018). French Art Nouveau Two-Section Dining Table by Gaillard. 1stdibs.com

Design Mkt. (2018). Dining Set in Bauhaus Style. design-mkt.com

Decaso. (2018). French Art Deco Period Macassar Dining table. decaso.com

Decaso. (2018). 18th Century Swedish Period Baroque Oak Library Desk or Center Dining Table. decaso.com

1stdibs. (2018). Organic Dining Table by Valeria Totti, Reclaimed Wood from the Brazilian Amazon. 1stdibs.com

Epoch Furnishings. (2017). Mid Century Modern Danish Style Walnut Dining Set by Lane. epochfurnishings.com

Kitchen Design Ideas. (2018). Fancy Minimalist Dining Table for Kitchen Furniture on home design ideas with minimalist dining table for kitchen furniture. getgold.us

Enzio Designs. (2018). Silvano Extending White High Gloss Contemporary Dining Table & Dalia White Dining Chairs. enziodesigns.co.uk

Sofas

Lenka, P. (2007). Wooden Stool from Thebes, Egypt. flickr.com

Furniture Styles. (2012). Ancient Greek Furniture. furniturestyles.net

Sofa. (2015). Why do we call it a ‘sofa’? (Or a couch, or a settee?). sofa.com

Taylor, Fred. (2015). Furniture Specific Renaissance Revival. liveauctioneers.com

1stdibs. (2018) Rococo Revival Antique Carved Walnut Settee Sofa in Louis XV Taste, 19th Century. 1stdibs.com

Taylor, Fred. (2015). Furniture Specific Renaissance Revival. liveauctioneers.com

Nenya. (2018). Victorian Age Furniture Era Sofa Color Palette Inspiration Orange Hues Couch And Patterns Furniture Age Victorian Era Furniture Designers. nenya.me

Belle Atelier. (2018) Art Nouveau Settee. belleatelier.tumblr.com

Zeitlos Berlin. (2018). Bauhaus Couch Bed. zeitlosberlin.com

Postle, L. (2018). Art Deco Furniture. decolish.com

Canvas Contract. (2018). Sofa-SOO-06. canvascontract.com

Imfrom. (2018). Mid-Century Modern Walnut Sofa Danish NoHo 40 Z To. imfrom.me

Tucker, E. (2018). Hyung Suk Cho bases minimal daybed on traditional Korean design and paintings.

dezeen.com

Wayfair. (2018). Myron Contemporary Sofa. wayfair.com

Desks

Azhary Antiques. (2018). Pharaoh Furniture. azharyantiques.com

I.pinimg. (2018). Originals. i.pinimg.com

Harp gallery. (2017). Italian Renaissance 1900 Antique Library Desk or Dining Table, Marble Top. harpgallery.com

1stdibs. (2018). Painted Venetian Rococo Style Desk and Chair. 1stdibs.com

On Singularity. (2018). Writing Desks for Sale Victorian Desk. onsingularity.com

Wayfair. (2018). Ardnaglass Traditional Dark Oak Executive Desk. wayfair.com

Custom Furniture Doub. (2018). Full size Art Nouveau Desk. customfurniture-doub.com

Pamono. (2018). Chromed Steel & Tinted beech Bauhaus Desk by Petr Vichr for Kovona 1930’s.pamono.com

Art Deco Collection. (2018). Professional Art Deco Desk by Stow Davis, pedestal-base.artdecocollection.com

Woodland Creek Furniture. (2018). Natural Wood Desks. woodlandcreekfurniture.com

Pamono. (2018). Mid-Century Modern Teak Desk. pamono.com

Tardiff, S. (2017). 20 Minimalist Desks that will inspire an organized work space (probably). elledecor.com

Woodland Creek Furniture. (2018). Contemporary Walnut Desk. woodlandcreekfurniture.com

Beds

Museam of Fine Arts Boston. (2018). Bed of Queen Hetepheres I (reproduction). mfa.org

Fiorito, J. (2017). History of Furniture: Ancient Greece. fioritointeriordesign.blogspot.com

Ultimate Home Ideas. (2016). 35 Stunning Medieval Furniture Ideas for your Bedroom.ultimatehomeideas.com

Underwood, T. (2012). Italian renaissance Furniture. tiffanyunderwood72213.wordpress.com

Khan Academy. (2016). An Introduction to Decorative Arts at the J Paul Getty Museum. khanacademy.org

Decorium. (2018). Townsford Traditional Bed with Turned Post in Cherry Finish. decorium.us

Christies. (2011). Les Collections du Chateau de Gourdon. christies.com

Warpedeco Home Improvement. (2009). The Bauhaus: Modernism Design Movement. warpedeco.com

Harp Gallery. (2018). Italian 1935 Art Deco King Size Bed & Nightstand, Bedroom Set. harpgallery.com

Urban Outfitters. (2018) Bohemian Platform Bed. urbanoutfitters.com

Pokrzywinski, A. (2011). Stuart Chase Creates Modern Organic Furniture from Reclaimed wood. inhabitat.com

Libertees. (2018). Mid Century Headboard Image Of Homemade Mid Century Modern Bed Mid Century Headboard Queen. libertees.co

Home Designing. (2018). 40 Serenely Minimalist Bedrooms to Help you Embrace Simple Comforts. home-designing.com

Trendir. (2018). These 40 Modern Beds Will Have You Daydreaming of Bedtime. trendir.com

km

Other

Cahill, P. (2016). Furniture Design History. onlinedesignteacher.com

Muscato, C. (2018). Ancient Egyptian Furniture: History & Design. study.com

Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2018). Rococo style. britannica.com

Carpenter, W. (2018). Inspired by the roots of Minimalist design. pamono.com

Muscato, C. (2018).Greek Furniture: History & Style. study.com

Musei Italiani. (2018). Organic Design. museiitaliani.org

Juliao, D. (2018). Renaissance Furniture: History & Style. study.com

Przybylek, S. (2018).Art Deco Furniture: History & Style. study.com

Pamono. (2018). Dieter Rams. pamono.com

Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation. (2018). Frank Lloyd Wright. franklloydwright.org

About this author
Angie's List
Author
Cite: Angie's List. "See How the Design of Chairs, Beds and Sofas Have Evolved Through History" 03 Sep 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/901164/see-how-the-design-of-chairs-beds-and-sofas-have-evolved-through-history/> ISSN 0719-8884
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椅子、床和沙发的进化史

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