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  1. ArchDaily
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  3. The Architecture Behind a Brave Racoon's Viral Skyscraper Climb

The Architecture Behind a Brave Racoon's Viral Skyscraper Climb

The Architecture Behind a Brave Racoon's Viral Skyscraper Climb
The Architecture Behind a Brave Racoon's Viral Skyscraper Climb, © Evan Frost/<a href='https://www.mprnews.org/'>MPR News</a>
© Evan Frost/MPR News

This article was originally published by Metropolis Magazine as "SOM Explains Exactly How a Raccoon Scaled Its St. Paul Skyscraper."

After completing Town Square, a mixed-use, double-tower complex in the heart of St. Paul, Minnesota in 1980, the late architect Donald Smith of SOM told Architectural Record magazine, “We must reorient our attention to the center [of] cities to save them.”

Smith’s words were prophetic, it turns out, but not in the way he may have expected.

Last month, Town Square—now known as UBS Plaza—captured the attention of the globe as a scraggly, wayward raccoon climbed up its southern tower’s 25 stories.

The rough, exposed aggregate concrete facade allowed the raccoon to scale the building like a tree. Image © Evan Frost/<a href='https://www.mprnews.org/'>MPR News</a> When completed in 1980, SOM's Town Square project in St. Paul (designed by the firm's Denver office) was a prime example of late-'70s mixed use buildings. Image Courtesy of SOM / © Hedrich Blessing The complex, as late architect Donald Smith told Architectural Record at the time, aimed to foster development in urban centers "in terms of people, not the automobile". Image Courtesy of SOM / © Hedrich Blessing Detail of the building's concrete facade system. Image Courtesy of SOM + 7

The critter quickly became an Internet sensation as thousands rallied behind its precipitous ascent. James Gunn, the director of Marvel’s Guardians of the Galaxy (which features a genetically-modified raccoon superhero), even tweeted, “I’ll donate a thousand bucks to the non political charity of choice to anyone who saves this raccoon. I can’t handle this.”

Needless to say, after 20 suspenseful hours, the raccoon made it to the high-rise’s summit and was safely released.

Architect Colin Koop—a Minnesota native and a design director at SOM New York—was in the state as the drama unfolded, and a social media manager at SOM alerted Koop of the varmint’s ascent via Instagram. “I sent them an emoji of an eye roll,” he says.

But, according to Koop, prevailing architectural trends during the late ‘70s and early ‘80s—inspired by the neofuturist work of firms like Archigram—enabled the raccoon to scale the building. “During that era of building, there were all of these big megastructure buildings with mixed-use of recreation, retail, and sometimes living. They’re all over the country,” Koop explains. “Town Square was St. Paul’s version.”

When completed in 1980, SOM's Town Square project in St. Paul (designed by the firm's Denver office) was a prime example of late-'70s mixed use buildings. Image Courtesy of SOM / © Hedrich Blessing
When completed in 1980, SOM's Town Square project in St. Paul (designed by the firm's Denver office) was a prime example of late-'70s mixed use buildings. Image Courtesy of SOM / © Hedrich Blessing

Koop himself has fond memories growing up visiting a children’s garden within the podium and riding a historic carousel there. However, “Sometimes in the ‘90s they gut renovated the building, so all of that architecture on the inside is long gone,” he says. “But its exterior is more or less like it’s always been.”

The rough, exposed aggregate concrete facade allowed the raccoon to scale the building like a tree. Image © Evan Frost/<a href='https://www.mprnews.org/'>MPR News</a>
The rough, exposed aggregate concrete facade allowed the raccoon to scale the building like a tree. Image © Evan Frost/MPR News

That then-fashionable exterior made the raccoon’s climb possible. “It’s an exposed aggregate precast system. So instead of having a smooth appearance, you actually see the aggregate exposed on the outside—the small rocks and things. I am sure that was one of the main reasons the raccoon was able to climb it.”

The modulation of the facade’s windows and deep ledges also played a major role. “There were ample opportunities to take a break,” Koop says. “And stare longingly at the humans on the inside.”

Detail of the building's concrete facade system. Image Courtesy of SOM
Detail of the building's concrete facade system. Image Courtesy of SOM

So will SOM continue designing animal-friendly architecture? Maybe so, according to Koop. He adds, with a laugh, “We’re very committed right now to designing buildings which are holistic in their concern for the environment.”

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About this author
Anna Fixsen
Author
Cite: Anna Fixsen. "The Architecture Behind a Brave Racoon's Viral Skyscraper Climb" 11 Jul 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/898066/the-architecture-behind-a-brave-racoons-viral-skyscraper-climb/> ISSN 0719-8884
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