Digital Fabrication: Shanghai Fab-Union Architectural Techonology and Digital Fabrication Co.,LTD
Construction: Sichuan Zhongye Cultural Tourism Co.Ltd.
Masterplan For Bamboo Craft Village: Chengdu Meiyu Landscaping Engineering Co., Ltd.
Guide Rule: Sichuan Jiehong Construction Engineering Co., Ltd.
Timber Structure: Suzhou Crownhomes Co.,LTD
Steel Structure: Sichuan Xinchangle Architectural Engineering Co.,LTD
Contributor: Ningjue Lyu
Supporter: Ministry of culture of the People's Republic of China
Commissioner: China Arts and Entertainment Group
Organizer: China International Exhibition Agency
Co Organizer: Shanghai Fengyuzhu Exhibition Co., Ltd., College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Tongji Architecture Design (Group) Co., Ltd., Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning and Design Institute
Sponsorship: Shanghai Tianhua Architectural Design Co., Ltd., Shanghai JWDA Architecture Design Consulting Co., Ltd.
Exhibition Technical Support: Shanghai Fengyuzhu Exhibition Co., Ltd.
Lighting Support: Hongri Lighting
Fonts Support: Reeji Font
Text description provided by the architects. The Bamboo Craft Village is located in Daoming County, Chongzhou City, Sichuan Province, more than 50 kilometers away from the urban area. The village, with a strong atmosphere of rural life and close neighborhoods, is a typical representative of local living environment – Lin Pan, along with vernacular intangible cultural heritage – Bamboo Weaving. After looking into the current situation and needs in person, the designer of the village, Philip F. Yuan, attempts to create a rural infrastructure space integrated with culture industry system sensitive to the ecology, culture, industry and lifestyle of the village.
Actually the Bamboo Craft Village is a positive result of InBamboo project, which was origin from a traditional Chinese poem, describing the ideal relationship between a house and its rural bamboo forest surroundings. In the wild naturalness of the village fields is a spiraling tiled house. The overlapping roof is supported by a system of light steel and wood construction, 70% of which was completed by means of an optimized pre-fabrication process. Making use of prefabrication allowed for the architecture, interior and landscape to be completed in the short time of 52 days. The overlapping serpentine roof naturally defines two interior yards, providing a rich interior experience between what is inside and what is outside; between what is landscape and what is architecture. The various functions of the building are gathered into a continuum under this inter-weaving roof.
The project demonstrates a new definition for how architecture can interact with tradition. It provides a means for re-examining the dichotomy between the village and the city. With a new rural architecture industry, pre-fabrication and construction will establish the foundation for a new definition for rural architecture. It will not only help preserve construction traditions found in the rural countryside but will also help advance village industry overall. In Bamboo used two months’ time to pre-fabricate the wood structure and only 52 days for on-site construction is a rural industrialization experiment. Once the equipped countryside industrialization factories combine advanced fabrication approaches, like robotic fabrication with the village architecture industry, a new meaningful industrial development upgrade will take place in the near future.
As the first name card of Bamboo Craft Village, InBamboo is not limited to looking back towards convention, but also shows an open attitude towards the futures. It has attracted more and more artists, let’s say new villagers, who are willing to return to the countryside for artistic creation and reconstruction together with aboriginals, inheriting and carrying forward the characteristics of local humanities, thus create more, better and more diversified upgrading business. And also because of InBamboo, the government has full confidence in handing over the transformation and upgrading of the entire village to Philip F. Yuan and his team.
This time, the vision is no longer confined to an abandoned farmhouse base, but a village full of vitality. In the meantime of meeting the perfect fantasy of the paradise described in traditional literature and fine arts, Bamboo Craft Village provides an opportunity for the industry-driven upgrade experiments under this era.
Taking InBamboo as a prototype, Philip F. Yuan uses a topological shape-finding technique, combines different functional requirements of each building to form a variable cross-section tile roof, and then determines the underlying steel-wood support structure for factory prefabrication. Bamboo Craft Village magnifies and maximizes the design-construction integration industry system. The newly built houses are blended into the environment, while so different in terms of experience. They are utopias in the real world, as well as a romantic presentation after all the rigorous procedures of science and engineering.
As a featured village named after the local “bamboo weaving” craft, the village will periodically carry out special events (Arts Festival, construction festivals, etc.), where bamboo weaving, processing, and consumption are fully displayed and taught. Roads are re-organized into a clear system, waterways are sorted into a purification system, as well as a countryside landscape. Ecological agriculture was integrated with landscape and catering. Multi-level public buildings and spaces are taken into consideration. Also a village guide rule with consideration and sensitivity to the local character is made to take the overall control.
Dingzhizhu Bamboo Weaving Culture Center
Dingzhizhu Bamboo Weaving Culture Center, located at the village entrance at the mountain foot, is at the first sight of coming tourists, and plays a role of guidance. Two small farm houses that originally existed on the site were integrated into a unified streamlined building space. Under this open and flowing linear roof, there is a mezzanine living space, a high-pass display space and a semi-outdoor tearoom space. Visitors can enjoy the production, teaching and display of the bamboo weaving process in the shuttle flow both inside and outside. The building is finished with local grey tile roof and bamboo weaving façade, with support of timber structure.
The fifth Space
As the village service center, the fifth space is located in the center of the village, with forest trays and canals in the back, facing the public square and rape field, and equipped with a small parking lot. It includes toilet, teahouse, public chairs, delivery point, ATM, and play areas for kids. The "X" shaped plan stretches into the site, providing a bridge for rest and repose, viewing the flowering fields and village roads below. The building incorporating with the village's unified architectural language - a curvilinear cross-section roof- is completed with a steel-wood hybrid structure, with the use of bamboo-molded concrete walls and local traditional grey tile roofs.
The tourist center is close to the most beautiful country road - “Chongqing Road”. As the gateway to the Village, it is equipped with bus drop-off points and small parking lots. Situated in the natural, wild rural phenomena, the visitor center located here surrounds the central public square with its surrounding functional space and is open to the rape fields. The building is finished with a mixture of brick walls and wooden structure roofs, and the silky ridge line covers the space. Open-ended public spaces such as an integrated service hall, shops, and exhibition halls are on the first floor, and the second floor is a relatively private working space.
The campgrounds facing the mountain ravine, provide continuous public activity spaces and scattered individual dwelling unit in the wild mountainous surroundings for every culture experience team, gradually dissolves and extends into nature. The public activity area is formed by several blocks of continuous diagonal connections, including multi-functional classrooms, restaurants, and equipment rooms, etc. The accommodation units are scattered among the forests, erected from the ground, and connected by the plank road. The building is completed with a prefabricated balsa structure. The building facade consists of weather-resistant steel panels and highly reflective glass. All viewing facades are framed with high-reflective glass floor to provide a wide view of forest, while hiding the building in the environment.
Zhuyi Bed and Breakfast (B&B)
Zhuyi Bed and Breakfast (B&B) is a demonstration project for the Baita Lake Tourist Resort and is a key step in Chongzhou’s construction of a Chinese featured town. The design strives to make full use of the natural advantages of the site to create an architectural space that is in harmony with the natural world, the functional theme, and the structural materials.
The guest rooms are located in the former dormitories of Academy of Fine Arts on the hillside behind InBamboo. They are laid out along the east-west direction facing the village. In combination with the site environment, 8 individual single-level rooms are compactly scattered in the forest and touch the ground. Visitors can take a battery car to get to the mountain top and walk inside the houses. The design respects the original appearance of the base and preserves the rustic charm. The construction process minimizes damages to the existing vegetation. The rooms are modeled after traditional buildings, and the dexterous double-curvature roofs are generated from a circular planar topology echoing the lobby. The two round plans are interlocked with one another. One side is a living room, and the other side is both a recreational and a living function. It includes a dressing area, a small bar table, a wardrobe, a sofa, a writing desk, and a TV. Combined with the dimensions of the flats, functional spaces such as showers and toilets are placed on both ends of the circular plan. An independent outdoor courtyard is formed in the overlapping area of the two circles. Expanding the room activity space, people can fully feel the freshness and beauty of nature. It not only provides space for the reservation of large trees on site, but also meets the need of internal lighting. The construction was completed with steel nail piles and wood structures. Local traditional grey tile roofs and bamboo-fabricated facades were used in conjunction with the site environment of Linpan.