LocationThe Netherlands, Hoogezand, Netherlands
ClientMunicipality of Hoogezand-Sappemeer
Reuse versus new development
One of the issues that the municipality struggled with was whether to demolish the existing building or reuse it. De Zwarte Hond presented a plan of measures that focused on studying three reuse scenarios. Each scenario assumed a different reuse percentage: thirty, fifty or eighty percent. The scenarios were compared to establish the best ratio between building costs, operating costs, functionality and sustainability. And, in conjunction with the future users, a list of criteria was formulated to meet the needs of their future accommodation. This led to an informed choice for the scenario that assumed fifty per cent re-use, which was subsequently worked out in an integral redevelopment plan.
One of the interesting outcomes of the study was that the existing town hall – a design by Jan Brouwer – was more suitable for transformation into a modern working environment than was previously assumed. The introduction of a number of open recesses in the relatively deep building volume would create pleasant workplaces. By installing insulation, the existing building could be just as energy efficient as the new development.
The integration of town hall, library, theatre and arts centre allows for lower operating costs and more efficient use of the number of square metres due to the double use of spaces. The architectural challenge was: how to ensure that the four different functions conveyed an overall impact that reflected their programme and the public objective? In addition to this, the interior should facilitate exchange between the four users.
The solution for both problems was to a large extent found in the central street. This connects the various functions and forms part of them. Giving the public spaces a flexible layout meant that, throughout the day, users can easily switch between intimate and larger-scale spaces. At the same time, the street functions as the building’s focal point. The great height, the overhang and the façade pattern create a distinctive location for the various functions.
Culture and administration in two phases
The new development is being implemented in two phases. The first phase, just completed, comprises the central street and all the cultural functions. In phase two, to be carried out in the longer term, the town hall will also undergo transformation and the library will be given a definitive location. In the intervening period the central street has been given a temporary function that has as much usage quality as possible and is constructed from chipboard, a hard-wearing but affordable material forming a good contrast with the permanent structure in natural stone and glass. The temporary infill is also proving valuable as a source of inspiration and a way of testing a design while it is in use. The broad, tribune-like stairs at the entrance, for example, are much appreciated by the users, but they were not in the original design for the central street.
Heart of Hoogezand Sappemeer
In terms of urban development the Cultural and Municipal Complex has brought many changes to Hoogezand-Sappemeer. Grouping the town hall, the library, the arts centre and the theatre in a single, prominent, public building has improved the quality of facilities and urban planning in the town centre. It has created a focal point of which the existing environment and, most notably, the adjacent De Hooge Meeren shopping centre, can take advantage. The representative theatre can confidently compete with the other theatres in the region.