Bosco Verticale / Boeri Studio

Bosco Verticale / Boeri Studio

© Paolo Rosselli © Paolo Rosselli © Paolo Rosselli © Paolo Rosselli + 24

Apartments  · 
Milan, Italy
  • Architects Authors of this architecture project Boeri Studio
  • Project Year Brands with products used in this architecture project
  • Photographer Created with Sketch.
  • Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project
    AGB, CYMISA, Campolonghi, Cotto d'Este, ECLISSE, Kone, Vimar
  • Architects in Charge

    Stefano Boeri, Gianandrea Barreca, Giovanni La Varra
  • Vertical Forest Landscape Design

    Emanuela Borio, Laura Gatti
  • Aesthetic Supervision of Works

    Davor Popovic
Developer: Hines Italia Design development: Gianni Bertoldi (coordinator), Francesco de Felice, Alessandro Agosti, Andrea Casetto,
Matteo Colognese, Angela Parrozzani, Stefano Onnis
  • Schematic design and PII

    Frederic de Smet (coordinator), Daniele Barillari, Marco Brega, Julien Boitard, Matilde Cassani, Andrea Casetto, Francesca Cesa Bianchi, Inge Lengwenus, Corrado Longa, Eleanna Kotsikou, Matteo Marzi, Emanuela Messina, Andrea Sellanes
  • Structures

    Arup Italia s.r.l.

  • Facilities Design

    Deerns Italia s.p.a.

  • Detailed Design

    Tekne s.p.a.
  • Landscape Design

    Land s.r.l.

  • Interior Design

    Coima Image s.r.l.; Antonio Citterio & Partners
  • Infrastructure Design

    Alpina s.p.a.

  • Project & Construction Management

    Hines Italia s.r.l.

  • Time & Tender Management

    J&A Consultants s.r.l.

  • General Contractor

    ZH General Construction Company S.p.A.

  • Main Contractor

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© Paolo Rosselli
© Paolo Rosselli

Text description provided by the architects. The first example of a ‘Vertical Forest’ (il Bosco Verticale) was inaugurated in October 2014 in Milan in the Porta Nuova Isola area, as part of a wider renovation project led by Hines Italia. Milan’s Vertical Forest consists of two towers of 80 and 112 metres, hosting 480 large and medium trees, 300 small trees, 11,000 perennial and covering plants and 5,000 shrubs. The equivalent - over an urban surface of 1,500 m2 – of 20,000 m2 of forest and undergrowth.

Floor Plan
Floor Plan

The Vertical Forest is an architectural concept which replaces traditional materials on urban surfaces using the changing polychromy of leaves for its walls. The biological architect relies on a screen of vegetation, needing to create a suitable microclimate and filter sunlight, and rejecting the narrow technological and mechanical approach to environmental sustainability.

© Paolo Rosselli
© Paolo Rosselli

Biological Habitats:

The Vertical Forest increases biodiversity. It promotes the formation of an urban ecosystem where various plant types create a separate vertical environment, but which works within the existing network, able to be inhabited by birds and insects (with an initial estimate of 1,600 specimens of birds and butterflies). In this way, it constitutes a spontaneous factor for repopulating the city’s flora and fauna.

© Paolo Rosselli
© Paolo Rosselli


The Vertical Forest helps to build a microclimate and to filter fine particles contained in the urban environment. The diversity of plants helps to develop the microclimate which produces humidity, absorbs CO2 and particles, produces oxygen, and protects against radiation and noise pollution.



The Vertical Forest is an anti-sprawl method which helps to control and reduce urban expansion. In terms of urban density, each tower constitutes the equivalent of a peripheral area of single family houses and buildings of around 50,000 m2.

© Paolo Rosselli
© Paolo Rosselli


The choice of species and their distribution according to the orientation and height of façades is the result of three years of studies carried out alongside a group of botanists and ethologists. The plants which are used on the building were pre-cultivated in a nursery in order for them to become accustomed to similar conditions to those which they will find on the balconies.

© Paolo Rosselli
© Paolo Rosselli

Changing façades:

The Vertical Forest is an ever-evolving landmark of the city, whose colours change depending on the season and the different natures of the plants used. This offers Milan’s population an ev- er-changing view of the city.



The management of the basins where the plants grow is the responsibility of the condominium, as is the maintenance and replacement of all vegetation and the number of plants established for each basin.

© Laura Cionci
© Laura Cionci

Hydration and irrigation system:

Following micro-meteorological studies, the calculation of irrigation requirements was carried out by examining climatic characteristics and was diversified depending on the exposure of each façade and the distribution of vegetation on each floor.


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Project location

Address: Milan, Italy

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
Cite: "Bosco Verticale / Boeri Studio" 23 Nov 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed . <> ISSN 0719-8884
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© Paolo Rosselli

Bosco Verticale / Boeri Studio

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