We are currently in Beta version and updating this search on a regular basis. We’d love to hear your feedback here.

AD Classics: Seagram Building / Mies van der Rohe

AD Classics: Seagram Building / Mies van der Rohe

Text description provided by the architects. Located in the heart of New York City, the Seagram Building designed by Mies van der Rohe epitomizes elegance and the principles of modernism. The 38-story building on Park Avenue was Mies' first attempt at tall office building construction.

AD Classics: Seagram Building / Mies van der RoheAD Classics: Seagram Building / Mies van der RoheCourtesy of 375parkavenue.com© Flickr user: Smallforks+ 19

Mies' solution set a standard for the modern skyscraper. The building became a monumental continuity of bronze and dark glass climbing up 515 feet to the top of the tower, juxtaposing the large granite surface of the plaza below.

Mies' response to the city with the Seagram Building was the grand gesture of setting back the building 100 feet from the street edge, which created a highly active open plaza. The plaza attracts users with its two large fountains surrounded by generous outdoor seating. By making this move, Mies distanced himself from New York urban morphology, lot line development, and the conventional economics of skyscraper construction.

Lobby floor plan
Lobby floor plan

The plaza also created a procession to the entry of the building, providing the threshold that linked the city with the skyscraper. This threshold continues into the building as a horizontal plane in the plaza that cuts into the lobby. The lobby also has a white ceiling that stretches out over the entry doors further eroding the defined line between interior and exterior.

The office spaces above the lobby, furnished by Philip Johnson, have flexible floor plans lit with luminous ceiling panels. These floors also get maximum natural lighting with the exterior being glass panes of gray topaz that provide floor-to-ceiling windows for the office spaces. The gray topaz glass was used for sun and heat protection, and although there are Venetian blinds for window coverings they could only be fixed in a limited number of positions so as to provide visual consistency from the outside.

The detailing of the exterior surface was carefully determined by the desired exterior expression Mies wanted to achieve. The metal bronze skin that is seen in the facade is nonstructural but is used to express the idea of the structural frame that is underneath. 

Additional vertical elements were also welded to the window panels not only to stiffen the skin for installation and wind loading, but to aesthetically further enhance the vertical articulation of the building.

The Seagram Building, with its use of modern materials and setback from the city grid, became a prototype for future office buildings designed by Mies as well as a model for many buildings erected in its surroundings. This building, fifty years after its completion, is still admired by many visitors everyday and sets an example of an International style skyscraper amidst the New York skyline.

Mies' sketch
Mies' sketch

This building is part of our Architecture City Guide: New York. Check all the other buildings on this guide right here.

Project gallery

See allShow less

Project location

Address:The Seagram Building, New York, NY 10022, USA

Click to open map
Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
Cite: Adelyn Perez. "AD Classics: Seagram Building / Mies van der Rohe" 10 May 2010. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/59412/ad-classics-seagram-building-mies-van-der-rohe> ISSN 0719-8884
Courtesy of 375parkavenue.com

西格拉姆大厦 / Mies van der Rohe

You've started following your first account!

Did you know?

You'll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.