Spanish Pavilion / b720 Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos

Barcelona’s b720 arquitectos has designed a greenhouse-inspired pavilion to represent Spain at the 2015 Milan Expo. Representing a “fusion” of Spain’s gastronomic tradition and innovation, the portico-like structure will be divided into two halves and united by a repetitious form.

Spanish Pavilion / b720 Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos - Beam
© b720 Arquitectos

On one side, the “shed-shaped” structure’s timber frame will represent the country’s gastronomic tradition. A series of outdoor spaces will be punctuated by program clothed in materials made from wine bottle corks, barrels and esparto grass fabric (used for pressing olive oil). While it’s other side, an enclosed space clad in stainless steel and rendered with colors reminiscent of Spain’s most recognizable products will represent the country’s gastronomic innovation. 

“The Spanish gastronomy reputation, based on the balanced combination of tradition and innovation, makes it a global reference on international markets. This fact has a relevant role on the generation of the pavilion, creating two separated areas - and applying different tectonics to them - according to this duality,” described the architects.

Spanish Pavilion / b720 Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos - Image 16 of 17
Program Diagram. Image © b720 Arquitectos
Spanish Pavilion / b720 Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos - Facade
© b720 Arquitectos

Spanish-like spaces highlighted include a barrier-free ground floor, orange groove courtyard and second story terrace of vegetable gardens, as well as a hydroponic canopy sheltering a restaurant and auditoria. 

Spanish Pavilion / b720 Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos - Image 17 of 17
Detail Axon. Image © b720 Arquitectos

Made from recycled and natural materials, the “environmentally friendly pavilion” will be “constructed by a 1.50m series of laminated timber porticos, fastened by a sequence of uneven prismatic volumes made from CL timber. In between these porticos, light polycarbonate panels acting as canopies that protect from climate the outdoor areas underneath them.”

Spanish Pavilion / b720 Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos - Image 13 of 17
© b720 Arquitectos

“To promote natural ventilation, fixed roof shutters are located to evacuate heat at high levels, in a similar mechanism to those used in greenhouses,” added the architect. “The depth and distance between porticos are calculated to provide a comfortable degree of shadow to the semi-external areas below, resulting in a major reduction of energy consumption in comparison to traditionally enclosed areas. All the construction process is based in dry assembling, easy to mount, dismount and recycle.”

The pavilion’s contents will focus on three subjects: Explaining key issues that have led to Spain’s gastronomic success; the balance between creativity and innovation to preserve traditional, healthy Mediterranean food; and using a sustainable agriculture and livestock production as a tool for preserving the landscape, heritage and the development of alternative tourism models. 

  • Architects

  • Location

    Milan, Italy
  • Design Team

    Fermín Vázquez, Peco Mulet, Albert Freixes, Eduardo Varas, Caterina Dominioni, Alberto Garcia, Alejandro García, Valerio Decrecchio, Gemma Ojea, Pablo Garrido, Iván Arellano, Javier Artieda, Julita Jaskulska, Ourania Pappa, Annie Michaelides, Zélia Alves, David Sebastián, Daniel Quadflieg
  • Local Architects

    Arquipielago, B2fR Architetti
  • Contents

    Manuel Artiz, Roberto Vásquez, Antoni Miralda
  • Structural Engineer

    Miguel Nevado
  • Services Engineer

    K2 Consulting sl
  • Lighting Design

    Artec 3
  • Landscape

    Manel Colominas
  • Exhibition Consultants

    Manuel Artiz, Antoni Miralda, Roberto Vásquez
  • Client

    Acción Cultural Española AC/E
  • Area

    2341.0 m2
  • Project Year

  • Photographs

    b720 Arquitectos
  • Architects

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About this office
Cite: Karissa Rosenfield. "Spanish Pavilion / b720 Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos" 10 Sep 2014. ArchDaily. Accessed . <> ISSN 0719-8884

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