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ICD-ITKE Research Pavilion 2013-14 / ICD-ITKE University of Stuttgart

ICD-ITKE Research Pavilion 2013-14 / ICD-ITKE University of Stuttgart

Courtesy of ICD-ITKECourtesy of ICD-ITKECourtesy of ICD-ITKEProcess. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE+ 56

Stuttgart, Germany
  • Concept Development:Leyla Yunis
  • System Development And Realization:WiSe 2012 – SoSe2013:Desislava Angelova, Hans-Christian Bäcker, Maximilian Fichter, Eugen Grass, Michael Herrick, Nam Hoang, Alejandro Jaramillo, Norbert Jundt, TaichiKuma, OndrejKyjánek, Sophia Leistner, Luca Menghini, Claire Milnes, Martin Nautrup, GerganaRusenova, PetarTrassiev , Sascha Vallon, ShiyuWie WiSe 2013:Hassan Abbasi, Yassmin Al-Khasawneh, DesislavaAngelova, YuliyaBaranovskaya, Marta Besalu, Giulio Brugnaro, Elena Chiridnik, Eva Espuny, Matthias Helmreich, Julian Höll, Shim Karmin, GeorgiKazlachev, Sebastian Kröner, VangelKukov, David Leon, Stephen Maher, Amanda Moore, Paul Poinet, Roland Sandoval, Emily Scoones, DjordjeStanojevic, Andrei Stoiculescu, Kenryo Takahashi, Maria Yabloninasupportedby Michael Preisack
  • In Cooperation With Institute Of Evolution And Ecology, Evolutionary Biology Of Invertebrates, University Of Tübingen :Prof. Oliver Betz
  • In Cooperation With Department Of Geosciences, Palaeontology Of Invertebrates And Palaeoclimatology Universität Tübingen :Prof. James H. Nebelsick
  • In Cooperation With Iversity Of Tübingen, Module: Bionics Of Animal Constructions, Wi Se 2012:Gerald Buck, Michael Münster, Valentin Grau, Anne Buhl, Markus Maisch, Matthias Loose, Irene Viola Baumann, Carina Meiser
  • In Cooperation With Anka / Institute For Photon Science And Synchrotron Radiation Karlsruhe Institute Of Technology (Kit) :Dr. Thomas van de Kamp, Tomy dos Santos Rolo, Prof. Dr. Tilo Baumbach
  • Institute For Machine Tools:University of Stuttgart – Dr.-Ing. Thomas Stehle, Rolf Bauer, Michael Reichersdörfer
  • Institute Of Textile Technology And Process Engineering Itv Denkendorf :Dr. Markus Milwich
  • Volume:122m³
  • Institute For Computational Design :Institute for Computational Design - Prof. Achim Menges Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design - Prof. Jan Knippers
  • Institute Of Building Structures And Structural Design :Prof. Jan Knippers
  • Research Development And Project Management:Moritz Dörstelmann, Vassilios Kirtzakis, Stefana Parascho, Marshall Prado, Tobias Schwinn
  • Specialists:{"id"=>"60136d0d54d78d067dafadc4", "name"=>{"es"=>"Desislava Angelova", "pt"=>"Desislava Angelova", "cn"=>"Desislava Angelova", "en"=>"Desislava Angelova"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0d54d78d067dafadc6", "name"=>{"es"=>"Hans-Christian Bäcker", "pt"=>"Hans-Christian Bäcker", "cn"=>"Hans-Christian Bäcker", "en"=>"Hans-Christian Bäcker"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0d54d78d067dafadc8", "name"=>{"es"=>"Maximilian Fichter", "pt"=>"Maximilian Fichter", "cn"=>"Maximilian Fichter", "en"=>"Maximilian Fichter"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0d54d78d067dafadca", "name"=>{"es"=>"Eugen Grass", "pt"=>"Eugen Grass", "cn"=>"Eugen Grass", "en"=>"Eugen Grass"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"601324c8d740601a2fbfdcaa", "name"=>{"es"=>"Michael Herrick", "pt"=>"Michael Herrick", "cn"=>"Michael Herrick", "en"=>"Michael Herrick"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0d54d78d067dafadcd", "name"=>{"es"=>"Nam Hoang", "pt"=>"Nam Hoang", "cn"=>"Nam Hoang", "en"=>"Nam Hoang"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0d54d78d067dafadcf", "name"=>{"es"=>"Alejandro Jaramillo", "pt"=>"Alejandro Jaramillo", "cn"=>"Alejandro Jaramillo", "en"=>"Alejandro Jaramillo"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0e54d78d067dafadd1", "name"=>{"es"=>"Norbert Jundt", "pt"=>"Norbert Jundt", "cn"=>"Norbert Jundt", "en"=>"Norbert Jundt"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0e54d78d067dafadd3", "name"=>{"es"=>"Taichi Kuma", "pt"=>"Taichi Kuma", "cn"=>"Taichi Kuma", "en"=>"Taichi Kuma"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0e54d78d067dafadd5", "name"=>{"es"=>"Ondrej Kyjánek", "pt"=>"Ondrej Kyjánek", "cn"=>"Ondrej Kyjánek", "en"=>"Ondrej Kyjánek"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0e54d78d067dafadd7", "name"=>{"es"=>"Sophia Leistner", "pt"=>"Sophia Leistner", "cn"=>"Sophia Leistner", "en"=>"Sophia Leistner"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0e54d78d067dafadd9", "name"=>{"es"=>"Luca Menghini", "pt"=>"Luca Menghini", "cn"=>"Luca Menghini", "en"=>"Luca Menghini"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0e54d78d067dafaddb", "name"=>{"es"=>"Claire Milnes", "pt"=>"Claire Milnes", "cn"=>"Claire Milnes", "en"=>"Claire Milnes"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0e54d78d067dafaddd", "name"=>{"es"=>"Martin Nautrup", "pt"=>"Martin Nautrup", "cn"=>"Martin Nautrup", "en"=>"Martin Nautrup"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0e54d78d067dafaddf", "name"=>{"es"=>"Gergana Rusenova", "pt"=>"Gergana Rusenova", "cn"=>"Gergana Rusenova", "en"=>"Gergana Rusenova"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0e54d78d067dafade1", "name"=>{"es"=>"Petar Trassiev", "pt"=>"Petar Trassiev", "cn"=>"Petar Trassiev", "en"=>"Petar Trassiev"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"601324c9d740601a2fbfdcb8", "name"=>{"es"=>"Sascha Vallon", "pt"=>"Sascha Vallon", "cn"=>"Sascha Vallon", "en"=>"Sascha Vallon"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0f54d78d067dafade4", "name"=>{"es"=>"Hassan Abbasi", "pt"=>"Hassan Abbasi", "cn"=>"Hassan Abbasi", "en"=>"Hassan Abbasi"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0f54d78d067dafade6", "name"=>{"es"=>"Yassmin Al-Khasawneh", "pt"=>"Yassmin Al-Khasawneh", "cn"=>"Yassmin Al-Khasawneh", "en"=>"Yassmin Al-Khasawneh"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0f54d78d067dafade8", "name"=>{"es"=>"Yuliya Baranovskaya", "pt"=>"Yuliya Baranovskaya", "cn"=>"Yuliya Baranovskaya", "en"=>"Yuliya Baranovskaya"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0f54d78d067dafadea", "name"=>{"es"=>"Marta Besalu", "pt"=>"Marta Besalu", "cn"=>"Marta Besalu", "en"=>"Marta Besalu"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0f54d78d067dafadec", "name"=>{"es"=>"Giulio Brugnaro", "pt"=>"Giulio Brugnaro", "cn"=>"Giulio Brugnaro", "en"=>"Giulio Brugnaro"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0f54d78d067dafadee", "name"=>{"es"=>"Elena Chiridnik", "pt"=>"Elena Chiridnik", "cn"=>"Elena Chiridnik", "en"=>"Elena Chiridnik"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0f54d78d067dafadf0", "name"=>{"es"=>"Eva Espuny", "pt"=>"Eva Espuny", "cn"=>"Eva Espuny", "en"=>"Eva Espuny"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0f54d78d067dafadf2", "name"=>{"es"=>"Matthias Helmreich", "pt"=>"Matthias Helmreich", "cn"=>"Matthias Helmreich", "en"=>"Matthias Helmreich"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d0f54d78d067dafadf4", "name"=>{"es"=>"Julian Höll", "pt"=>"Julian Höll", "cn"=>"Julian Höll", "en"=>"Julian Höll"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1054d78d067dafadf6", "name"=>{"es"=>"Shim Karmin", "pt"=>"Shim Karmin", "cn"=>"Shim Karmin", "en"=>"Shim Karmin"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1054d78d067dafadf8", "name"=>{"es"=>"Georgi Kazlachev", "pt"=>"Georgi Kazlachev", "cn"=>"Georgi Kazlachev", "en"=>"Georgi Kazlachev"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1054d78d067dafadfa", "name"=>{"es"=>"Sebastian Kröner", "pt"=>"Sebastian Kröner", "cn"=>"Sebastian Kröner", "en"=>"Sebastian Kröner"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1054d78d067dafadfc", "name"=>{"es"=>"Vangel Kukov", "pt"=>"Vangel Kukov", "cn"=>"Vangel Kukov", "en"=>"Vangel Kukov"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1054d78d067dafadfe", "name"=>{"es"=>"David Leon", "pt"=>"David Leon", "cn"=>"David Leon", "en"=>"David Leon"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1054d78d067dafae00", "name"=>{"es"=>"Stephen Maher", "pt"=>"Stephen Maher", "cn"=>"Stephen Maher", "en"=>"Stephen Maher"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1054d78d067dafae02", "name"=>{"es"=>"Amanda Moore", "pt"=>"Amanda Moore", "cn"=>"Amanda Moore", "en"=>"Amanda Moore"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1054d78d067dafae04", "name"=>{"es"=>"Paul Poinet", "pt"=>"Paul Poinet", "cn"=>"Paul Poinet", "en"=>"Paul Poinet"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1054d78d067dafae06", "name"=>{"es"=>"Roland Sandoval", "pt"=>"Roland Sandoval", "cn"=>"Roland Sandoval", "en"=>"Roland Sandoval"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1154d78d067dafae08", "name"=>{"es"=>"Emily Scoones", "pt"=>"Emily Scoones", "cn"=>"Emily Scoones", "en"=>"Emily Scoones"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1154d78d067dafae0a", "name"=>{"es"=>"Djordje Stanojevic", "pt"=>"Djordje Stanojevic", "cn"=>"Djordje Stanojevic", "en"=>"Djordje Stanojevic"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1154d78d067dafae0c", "name"=>{"es"=>"Andrei Stoiculescu", "pt"=>"Andrei Stoiculescu", "cn"=>"Andrei Stoiculescu", "en"=>"Andrei Stoiculescu"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1154d78d067dafae0e", "name"=>{"es"=>"Kenryo Takahashi", "pt"=>"Kenryo Takahashi", "cn"=>"Kenryo Takahashi", "en"=>"Kenryo Takahashi"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1154d78d067dafae10", "name"=>{"es"=>"Maria Yablonina", "pt"=>"Maria Yablonina", "cn"=>"Maria Yablonina", "en"=>"Maria Yablonina"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1154d78d067dafae12", "name"=>{"es"=>"Michael Preisack", "pt"=>"Michael Preisack", "cn"=>"Michael Preisack", "en"=>"Michael Preisack"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136d1154d78d067dafae14", "name"=>{"es"=>"WiSe 2012 – SoSe2013", "pt"=>"WiSe 2012 – SoSe2013", "cn"=>"WiSe 2012 – SoSe2013", "en"=>"WiSe 2012 – SoSe2013"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Company", "type_name"=>"System Development and Realization", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136c9a54d78d067dafa568", "name"=>{"es"=>"Jan Knippers", "pt"=>"Jan Knippers", "cn"=>"Jan Knippers", "en"=>"Jan Knippers"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"6019a784e0009a18917ff771", "name"=>{"es"=>"Institute for Computational Design", "pt"=>"Institute for Computational Design", "cn"=>"Institute for Computational Design", "en"=>"Institute for Computational Design"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Company", "type_name"=>"Institute for Computational Design", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"60136c9a54d78d067dafa570", "name"=>{"es"=>"Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design", "pt"=>"Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design", "cn"=>"Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design", "en"=>"Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Company", "type_name"=>"Institute for Computational Design", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"6019a7e7e0009a18917ff9c7", "name"=>{"es"=>"Leyla Yunis", "pt"=>"Leyla Yunis", "cn"=>"Leyla Yunis", "en"=>"Leyla Yunis"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Company", "type_name"=>"Concept Development", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"6048d625f8690800193ec0e8", "name"=>{"es"=>"Markus Milwich", "pt"=>"Markus Milwich", "cn"=>"Markus Milwich", "en"=>"Markus Milwich"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"Institute of Textile Technology and Process Engineering ITV Denkendorf", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"6048d632f8690800193ec0f8", "name"=>{"es"=>"Dr. Thomas van de Kamp", "pt"=>"Dr. Thomas van de Kamp", "cn"=>"Dr. Thomas van de Kamp", "en"=>"Dr. Thomas van de Kamp"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"In Cooperation With ANKA / Institute for Photon Science and Synchrotron Radiation Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"6048d633f8690800193ec0fa", "name"=>{"es"=>"Tomy dos Santos Rolo", "pt"=>"Tomy dos Santos Rolo", "cn"=>"Tomy dos Santos Rolo", "en"=>"Tomy dos Santos Rolo"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"In Cooperation With ANKA / Institute for Photon Science and Synchrotron Radiation Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"6048d634f8690800193ec0fc", "name"=>{"es"=>"Tilo Baumbach", "pt"=>"Tilo Baumbach", "cn"=>"Tilo Baumbach", "en"=>"Tilo Baumbach"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"In Cooperation With ANKA / Institute for Photon Science and Synchrotron Radiation Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"6048d926f8690800193ec2f0", "name"=>{"es"=>"Gerald Buck", "pt"=>"Gerald Buck", "cn"=>"Gerald Buck", "en"=>"Gerald Buck"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"In Cooperation With iversity of Tübingen, Module: Bionics of animal constructions, WiSe 2012", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"6048d928f8690800193ec2f2", "name"=>{"es"=>"Michael Münster", "pt"=>"Michael Münster", "cn"=>"Michael Münster", "en"=>"Michael Münster"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"In Cooperation With iversity of Tübingen, Module: Bionics of animal constructions, WiSe 2012", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"6048d92af8690800193ec2f4", "name"=>{"es"=>"Valentin Grau", "pt"=>"Valentin Grau", "cn"=>"Valentin Grau", "en"=>"Valentin Grau"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"In Cooperation With iversity of Tübingen, Module: Bionics of animal constructions, WiSe 2012", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"6048d92cf8690800193ec2f6", "name"=>{"es"=>"Anne Buhl", "pt"=>"Anne Buhl", "cn"=>"Anne Buhl", "en"=>"Anne Buhl"}, "email"=>nil, "entity"=>"Person", "type_name"=>"In Cooperation With iversity of Tübingen, Module: Bionics of animal constructions, WiSe 2012", "automatically_created"=>true}, {"id"=>"6048d92ef8690800193ec2f8", "name"=>{"es"=>"Markus Maisch", 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  • Research Development:Moritz Dörstelmann, Vassilios Kirtzakis, Stefana Parascho, Marshall Prado, Tobias Schwinn
  • Project Management:Moritz Dörstelmann, Vassilios Kirtzakis, Stefana Parascho, Marshall Prado, Tobias Schwinn
  • City:Stuttgart
  • Country:Germany
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Courtesy of ICD-ITKE
Courtesy of ICD-ITKE

Text description provided by the architects. The Institute for Computational Design (ICD) and the Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE) of the University of Stuttgart have constructed another bionic research pavilion. The project is part of a successful series of research pavilions which showcase the potential of novel design, simulation and fabrication processes in architecture. The project was planned and constructed within one and a half years by students and researchers within a multi-disciplinary team of biologists, paleontologists, architects and engineers.

Courtesy of ICD-ITKE
Courtesy of ICD-ITKE

The focus of the project is a parallel bottom-up design strategy for the biomimetic investigation of natural fiber composite shells and the development of novel robotic fabrication methods for fiber reinforced polymer structures. The aim was the development of a winding technique for modular, double layered fiber composite structures, which reduces the required formwork to a minimum while maintaining a large degree of geometric freedom.

Courtesy of ICD-ITKE
Courtesy of ICD-ITKE

Therefore, functional principles of natural lightweight structures were analyzed and abstracted in cooperation with the Institute of Evolution and Ecology and the department for Paleobiology of the University of Tübingen. Through the development of a custom robotic fabrication method, these principles were transferred into a modular prototype pavilion.

BIOMIMETIC INVESTIGATION

Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE
Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE

This investigation of natural lightweight structures was conducted in an interdisciplinary cooperation of architects and engineers from Stuttgart University and biologists from Tubingen University within the Module: Bionics of Animal Constructions led by prof. Oliver Betz (biology) and Prof. James. H. Nebelsick(geosciences). During the investigation, the Elytron, a protective shell for beetles’ wings and abdomen, has proved to be a suitable role model for highly material efficient construction. The performance of these lightweight structures relies on the geometric morphology of a double layered system and the mechanical properties of the natural fiber composite. The anisotropic characteristic of this material, which consists of chitin fibers embedded in a protein matrix, allows for locally differentiated material properties.

In cooperation with the ANKA Synchrotron Radiation Facility and the Institute for Photon Science and Synchrotron Radiation at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), high resolution 3D models of various beetle elytra were extracted through micro-computed tomography. Together with SEM scans from the University of Tübingen, this enabled an analysis of the intricate internal structures of the beetle shell. The Elytra morphology is based on a double layered structure which is connected by column-like doubly curved support elements, the trabeculae. The fiber layout within a trabecula merges the upper and lower shell segments with continuous fibers. The distribution and geometric articulation of the trabecula is highly differentiated throughout the beetle shell. Through comparative studies of multiple flying beetle species the underlying structural principles could be identified and translated into design rules for structural morphologies.

Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE
Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE

MATERIAL AND STRUCTURAL LOGIC

Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE
Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE

Based on the differentiated trabeculae morphology and the individual fiber arrangements, a double layered modular system was generated for implementation in an architectural prototype. Through the development of computational design and simulation tools, both the robotic fabrication characteristics and the abstracted biomimetic principles could be simultaneously integrated in the design process.

Glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymers were chosen as building material, due to their high performance qualities (high strength to weight ratio) and the potential to generate differentiated material properties through fiber placement variation. Together with their unrestrained moldability, fiber reinforced polymers are suitable to implement the complex geometries and material organizations of the abstracted natural construction principles. Conventional fabrication methods for fiber composite elements require a mold to define form. However, this method proves to be unsuitable to transfer natural construction principles into architectural applications since they usually involve unique elements that would require extensive formwork and prohibitively complex molds.

Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE
Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE

ROBOTIC WINDING PROCESS

Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE
Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE

For the fabrication of the geometrically unique, double curved modules a robotic coreless winding method was developed, which uses two collaborating6-axis industrial robots to wind fibers between two custom-made steel frame effectors held by the robots. While the effectors define the edges of each component, the final geometry is emerging through the interaction of the subsequently laid fibers. The fibers are at first linearly tensioned between the two effector frames. The subsequently wound fibers lie on and tension each other which results in a reciprocal deformation. This fiber–fiber interaction generates doubly curved surfaces from initially straight deposited fiber connections. The order in which the resin impregnated fiber bundles (rovings) are wound onto the effectors is decisive for this process and is described through the winding syntax. The specific sequence of fiber winding allows to control the layout of every individual fiber leading to a material driven design process. These reciprocities between material, form, structure and fabrication are defined through the winding syntax which therefore becomes an integral part of the computational design tool.

The effectors are adjustable to various component geometries, leading to only one reconfigurable tool setup for all 36 elements. Coreless filament winding does not only save substantial resources through the needlessness of individual molds, but in itself is a very material efficient fabrication process since there is no waste or cut-off pieces.

Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE
Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE

The specific robotic fabrication process includes the winding of 6 individual layers of glass and carbon fibers. A first glass fiber layer defines the elements geometry and serves as formwork for the subsequent carbon fiber layers. These carbon fiber layers act as structural reinforcement and are individually varied through the fibers anisotropic arrangement. The individual layout of the carbon fibers is defined by the forces acting on each component which are derived from FE Analysis of the global structure. The generated winding syntax is transferred to the robots and allows the automatic winding of the 6 fiber layers.

Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE
Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE

BIOMIMETIC PROTOTYPE

Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE
Process. Image Courtesy of ICD-ITKE

In total 36 individual elements were fabricated, whose geometries are based on structural principles abstracted from the beetle elytra. Each of them has an individual fiber layout which results in a material efficient load-bearing system. The biggest element has a 2.6 m diameter with a weight of only 24.1 kg. The research pavilion covers a total area of 50 m² and a volume of 122 m³ with a weight of 593 kg.

The overall geometry reacts to site-specific conditions of the public space around the university building in close proximity to the park. At the same time it demonstrates the morphologic adaptability of the system, by generating more complex spatial arrangements than a simple shell structure. Altogether the research pavilion shows how the computational synthesis of biological structural principles and the complex reciprocities between material, form and robotic fabrication can lead to the generation of innovative fiber composite construction methods. At the same time the multidisciplinary research approach does not only lead to performative and material efficient lightweight constructions, it also explores novel spatial qualities and expands the tectonic possibilities of architecture.

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Project location

Address:Keplerstraße 11, University of Stuttgart, 70174 Stuttgart, Germany

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Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
Cite: "ICD-ITKE Research Pavilion 2013-14 / ICD-ITKE University of Stuttgart" 08 Jul 2014. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/522408/icd-itke-research-pavilion-2015-icd-itke-university-of-stuttgart> ISSN 0719-8884
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