LocationPuerto Varas, Chile
Structure EngineerAlex Popp C.
BuilderJuan Velázquez (Velarco)
Text description provided by the architects. The main challenge of the comission was to develop a housing solution both capable of optimizing thermal criteria, and to visually maximize the strata - vertical and horizontal - of the surroundings.
Located in an area of abundant vegetation, near the Minte bridge in Puerto Varas, the 5.000sqm site presented the best type of soil to set up base in a topographically irregular sector, with 15 % slope , a low density of vegetation and the highest levels of natural lighting.
Three design guidelines are defined:
1. Thermal optimization through programmatic compaction on three levels.
2. Maximization of the natural lighting coefficient, through wide openings to the north, and bounded ones able to <frame the context> in the other three directions.
3. Dilation towards the topographic natural level, allowing better adaptability to the terrain, minimizing earthworks, moisture transmission, and unnecessary logging of existing trees.
-The project is developed using a three-dimensional matrix of 1.5x1.5mts. , through which spatial, structural, material and construction criteria are established .
-The resulting volume is defined mainly by the manipulation and combination of programme modules in three levels, which reflect the high amounts of rainfall of the region in its geometry.
-The programme is approached as a sequence from the most public at the first level (one space), to the more private on the second level (two units), and a bureau-hatch on the third level .
By means of a stereometric 5x5 " wooden structure founded on concrete handcrafted benches, the project lays on the topography, absorbing in its own structure the irregularities of the bearing surface .
Morphologically it seeks to replicate strategies used in the XVIII century towers of the Osorno region, mainly by using a wooden structure in its entirety, a mono-material surface, a compact programmatic distribution, and the use of sloped roofs to drain rain water.