The architecture student team collaboration of Dagmara Sietko- Sierkiewicz and David Weclawowicz of the Wroclaw University of Technology shared with us their first prize winning proposal in the AIV Schinkel- Wettbewerb 2013 competition. With this year’s topic of "TXL transformation", their challenge was to develop a quarter made from a new typology of hybrid-buildings, containing a manufacture (production hall), flats and retail services after closing the airport Berlin Tegel in the year 2014. This winning concept focuses on using the production facilities after hours as a leisure destination. More images and architects’ description after the break.
The spatial scale, in conjunction with the apartment units nearby, are the ideal conditions and simultaneously remove the separation of work and living. The buildings are arranged into urban districts and their composition is determined by the terminal alignments. The buildings serve as an integral transition between the university, located in the old airport terminal, and the production facilities in the west of the area.
The project is positioned along the concrete axis to be differentiated on the two different road sides. While the building structure to the west of the new typology forms a clear urban edge, the eastern side of the street has buildings with a social and urban infrastructure, spatially permeable to the main terminal. This results in clear development strands for commercial delivery (west) and residential transportation (East). Caused by the arrangement of the buildings and the mix of functions it results in well proportioned Districts which creates the potential for a creative and vibrant environment.
The building typology is composed of a rectangular production hall and an L-shaped Residential and service tower (towers). The hall is built on a grid of 12m x 12m, from which small and large halls (84m x 48m) can be developed. The halls can be equipped with standard crane rail tracks, in the case of the manufacture b = 24m. The living and service units are on a grid of 6m x 6m constructed and interlocks in an L shape with the production hall. One L-shaped living/ service tower meets the required 2000 square meters. The number of units varies from hall to hall, but corresponds to the overall concept of the program.
On the whole, there arises a typology which houses a production hall on the ground floor aligned to the strand of commercial delivery, two service areas with a showroom aligned to the local square and apartment entrances on the two sides of the building. On the first floor there is a multi-use area for the residents, offering such functions as child care, workshops, Shared Office. From this level there is access to the green roof with a Urban Gardening area.
The other three floors are residential floors, which offers a high diversity and individuality of living forms. Exemplary dwellings like single-atliers, lofts, home and work, family housing, experimental housing and residential communities are represented. The worked-out variant for a possible office space clearly showes the huge redevelopment potential to this typology.
The typology is based on a modular steel frame: a construction grid of 12m x 12m on the production floor and a grid of 6m x 6m in housing floors. To stiffen the construction a long reinforced concrete core containing changing rooms, equipment, offices and stairwells is used. On the multi-use-level two trusses take on the change between the two construction grids (see construction-scheme) where at the same time the residential floors seem to float from the outside view. The modular skeleton can be assembled quickly (or deconstructed) as well as a cost-effective use of prefabricated elements is possible.
Such design strategies which have made the project successful in regard to sustainability are its high conversion potential by modular design and flexible floor plans, construction material made from 100% recycled steel, and mechanical ventilation with heat recovery from exhaust air of the manufactory. In addition, other sustainable characteristics include short distances to the workplace (carbon-free transportation), use of greywater for irrigation, toilet flushing, and building automation.
Student Design Team: Dagmara Sietko- Sierkiewicz, David Weclawowicz
Location: Berlin, Germany
Coach: Dr. Inz. Arch Pawel Kirschke
University: Wroclaw University of Technology
Compettiion: AIV Schinkel- Wettbewerb 2013
Topic: Transformation TXL
Site Area: 80,000 sqm
Prize: Main prize- Schinkelpreis for the project in the category Architecture