Irène / KANVA

Irène / KANVA - Windows
© Jimmy Hamelin
Montreal city, Canada

Irène / KANVA - Windows, FacadeIrène / KANVA - Image 3 of 16Irène / KANVA - Windows, Handrail, ColumnIrène / KANVA - WindowsIrène / KANVA - More Images+ 11

Irène / KANVA - Windows, Facade
© Marc Cramer

Text description provided by the architects. The urban housing project, Irène, located in Montreal’s borough, St-Henri, exemplifies innovation as a valuable design tool to individualize a building within the City. Perforated aluminium panels were customized into a novel exterior building envelope that screens the upper three storeys of an addition above an existing industrial building. Drawing an analogy with a theatrical curtain, the metallic skin acts equally to veil and to reveal the activity within, serving a performative function that adds a touch of spectacle to the neighbourhood.

Irène / KANVA - Image 10 of 16
Courtesy of KANVA

The design process was prominently embedded throughout the building; the steps taken during conceptual design and the research & development phases lead to the decision to make an architectural feature the iconic persona of the project. Irène substantiates the incorporation of a poetic concept in conjunction with a challenging technical innovation to give rise to a functional, viable and aesthetic project. 

Irène / KANVA - Lighting, Glass, Facade, Steel
© Jimmy Hamelin

The site presented the opportunity to renovate and restore an existing two-storey industrial building dating back to 1938. A considerable effort was made to study and understand both the residual building and the surrounding context, presently undergoing substantial urban revitalization. For the three-storey addition, the approach was to create the impression of a light and floating volume atop the existing, heavier base — a contrasting superstructure that, by virtue of its difference, gives rise to a dialogue between old and new, tradition and contemporary, the building and its surroundings. 

Irène / KANVA - Image 3 of 16
© Marc Cramer

A play of transparency and opacity defined a perforation pattern that made use of three distinct hole sizes and spacing. These modular panels created an overall image replicating the curtain analogy. Much like a skin, this perforated metal cladding on the south facing facades, allows the building to breathe, while serving as a passive sun shield. Its user-operated panel system lets occupants control variables like ventilation, daylight and privacy. 

Irène / KANVA - Facade
Courtesy of KANVA

Translating the conceptual image into a tangible product was a complex procedure entailing extensive research and design, modelling, testing and on site trouble-shooting. Precedence for this type of building envelope system in our Northern climate was not readily available. The user-operable components needed to be designed to withstand the climatic challenges, such as freeze/thaw cycle, snow/ice interference and wind loads.

Irène / KANVA - Windows, Handrail, Column
© Marc Cramer

A full-scale mock-up of the paneling system was erected to study issues of operability, aesthetics, feasibility, durability, waterproofing, wind patterns, solar screening (optimal perforation size) and transparency/opacity for light and privacy concerns. This allowed a refinement of the facade system before final on-site validations.

Elevation and Model

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Project location

Address:Montreal, Canada

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Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
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Cite: "Irène / KANVA" 12 Feb 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed . <> ISSN 0719-8884

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