the world's most visited architecture website

Sign up now and start saving and organizing your favorite architecture projects and photos

Sign up now to save and organize your favorite architecture projects


Find the most inspiring products for your projects in our Product Catalog.

Find the most inspiring products in our Product Catalog.


Get the ArchDaily Chrome Extension and be inspired with every new tab. Install here »


All over the world, architects are finding cool ways to re-use run-down old buildings. Click here to see the best in Refurbishment Architecture.

Want to see the coolest refurbishment projects? Click here.


Immerse yourself in inspiring buildings with our selection of 360 videos. Click here.

See our immersive, inspiring 360 videos. Click here.

Navigate articles using your keyboard
  1. ArchDaily
  2. Projects
  3. Elementary & Middle School
  4. China
  5. TAO - Trace Architecture Office
  6. 2010
  7. Xiaoquan Elementary School / TAO - Trace Architecture Office

Xiaoquan Elementary School / TAO - Trace Architecture Office

  • 00:00 - 9 February, 2012
Xiaoquan Elementary School / TAO - Trace Architecture Office
Xiaoquan Elementary School / TAO - Trace Architecture Office, © Yao Li
© Yao Li

© Yao Li © Yao Li © Yao Li © Yao Li + 24

  • Architects

  • Location

    China, Sichuan Province, Xiaoquan town
  • Architect in Charge

    HUA Li
  • Design Team

    HUA Li, Zhu Zhiyuan, Jiang Nan, Li Guofa, Kong Desheng
  • Construction Cost

    RMB 14 Million
  • Area

    8900.0 m2
  • Project Year

  • Photographs

Text description provided by the architects. The old XiaoQuan Elementary School was severely damaged during the catastrophic 5.12 Sichuan earthquake in 2008 and was demolished afterwards. Supported by donations from several sponsors, the project is to build new school in the center of Xiaoquan old town. The program consists of main classroom buildings, classrooms for various activities, teacher’s office, student dormitory buildings, and dining hall. The new school will host more than 900 students.

© Yao Li
© Yao Li

The design is conceived as a cluster of small buildings to create a micro-city like campus. The fragmentary instead of unified building composition creates many urban like place such us streets, plazas, courtyards, and steps at various scales. These places are intended to encourage diversified and spontaneous activities of children. Small-scale playful corners and labyrinth like space as passage and playground are created to provoke children’s curiosity and imagination. Through this, we also intend to continue the urban space memory of Xiaoquan town in the school building, so as to avoid completely losing the continuity of urban fabric during rebuilding process after earthquake.


The design responds to Sichuan's hot and humid climate. Sunshade device, natural ventilation and heat reduction are important elements considered in design. We also explore to maximize the use of local resource and craftsmanship which can be acquired. Local materials such as wood, brick and bamboo are used for windows, walls, and ceilings. The recycled bricks from earthquake are used in pavement. Cast-in-situ concrete are used for exposed structure. The construction is completely done by a local contractor. The construction cost is well controlled within the economical budget of RMB 1,500 yuan per square meter.

© Yao Li
© Yao Li
Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite: "Xiaoquan Elementary School / TAO - Trace Architecture Office" 09 Feb 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed . <> ISSN 0719-8884
Read comments
Read comments