1. ArchDaily
  2. Projects
  3. Monuments
  4. Mexico
  5. José Pareja + Jesús Hernández
  6. 2010
  7. Bicentennial Torch / José Pareja + Jesús Hernández

Bicentennial Torch / José Pareja + Jesús Hernández

  • 00:00 - 9 October, 2011
Bicentennial Torch / José Pareja + Jesús Hernández
Bicentennial Torch / José Pareja + Jesús Hernández, © Daniel Pareja
© Daniel Pareja

© Daniel Pareja © Daniel Pareja © Daniel Pareja © Daniel Pareja + 11

  • Architects

  • Location

    Guanajuato, Mexico
  • Category

  • Project Leaders

    Jesús Hernández, José Pareja
  • Project Team

    Abdiel Miranda, Isaí Padilla, Eduardo Muñoz, Claudia Pérez
  • Landscape Design

    José Pareja Gómez, Jesús Hernández Martínez
  • Structural Project

    Lucio Lerma
  • Project Year

  • Photographs

Text description provided by the architects. Previously featured on Archdaily as an in-progress project, the Bicentennial Torch in Mexico was recently completed and is now fully operational. The inspiration is drawn from the mural "Lucha social" (in English: “Social struggle”), by Jose Clemente Orozco, which shows the leader of the independence, Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, leading the insurrection by tightly grasping a flaming torch.

© Daniel Pareja
© Daniel Pareja

The sculptural and architectural proposal consists in a 45-meter tall element that emphasizes the hierarchy of the main entrance to the city of León, Guanajuato, México.


The monument consists of a 10-meter tall concrete volume, followed by a 35-meter steel structure made of one hundred rings, interspersed with a hundred voids, which act as optical negatives as a result of the shadow projected onto them. By nightfall, the sculpture becomes a great urban lamp, which aims to enlighten the surrounding environment through its body and scars.

© Daniel Pareja
© Daniel Pareja

Its body, marked by 200 scars, reveals on its skin its longevity, giving life at night to a hundred rings of light, representing also the centennial of the revolutionary movement and its importance in the independent living of Mexico today. The rings are crowned at 45 meters high with a cauldron from which a powerful beam of light is projected to the infinity, a perpetual flame symbolizing the independence and the nation's future.

Sections and Elevations
Sections and Elevations

The Bicentennial Torch is born as a tribute to the heroes who gave Mexico a homeland, where the fire lights the brave in times of darkness and injustice. It emerges from Mexican soil, illuminating the purest ideals of freedom and sovereignty.

© Daniel Pareja
© Daniel Pareja

A light path drawn from the bottom to the top of the monument links land and object, leading to the sky the perpetual flame of the Mexican independence, projecting it to the infinite.

Floor Plans
Floor Plans

View the complete gallery

Project location

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
Cite: "Bicentennial Torch / José Pareja + Jesús Hernández" 09 Oct 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed . <> ISSN 0719-8884
Read comments
Read comments
© Daniel Pareja

墨西哥独立200周年纪念“火炬” / José Pareja + Jesús Hernández

You've started following your first account!

Did you know?

You'll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.